Family Times Author's Viewpoint/Bias Daily Questions Independent Readers Why some Animals are Considered Bad and Scary Prior Knowledge Fact and Opinion Additional Resources Vocabulary Context Clues Predictions Guided Comprehension Compare and Contrast
Study Skills: Genre: Expository Nonfiction Vocabulary Strategy: Context Clues Comprehension Skill: Fact and Opinion Comprehension Strategy: Ask Questions
Question of the Week: What can people do to protect wild animals? Daily Questions: What examples from her life does Jane Goodall give to illustrate the first three suggestions? How has Jane Goodall's lifelong work with chimpanzees affected her thinking? Is it harder to help animals that seem bad or scary? Explain.
Fact and Opinion • A statement of fact can be proved true or false. • A statement of opinion tells what someone thinks or feels. • Statements of opinion often contain words that make judgments, such as interesting or beautiful. • A single sentence might contain both a statement of fact and a statement of opinion. If yes, FACT statement Can it be proved true or false? If no, OPINION If yes and no, BOTH
Strategy: Ask Questions Good readers ask themselves questions. As youread statements, ask yourself, “Is this a statementof fact? If so, how do I know whether it’s trueor false? Or is it a statement of opinion? Is theauthor trying to convince me of something?”
Write Make a graphic organizer. As you read “Chimps,” write three sentences in the correct boxes: a statement of fact, a statement of opinion, and one with both. Using a graphic organizer, find another statement of opinion. Write about why it is a statement of opinion, whether or not you agree with it, and why.
Vocabulary List Environment Contribute Conservation Enthusiastic Investigation Introduce Vocabulary Call out the following vocabulary words that go with the vocabulary words. Which word has to do with the temperature outside? Which word describes a way to assist? Which word has to do with a quest for information? Which word describes feeling excited? Which word has to do with preventing pollution?
Environment condition of the air, water, soil, etc.
Conservation Preservation from harm or decay; protection from loss or from being used up
Contribute To help bring about
Enthusiastic eagerly interested
Investigation a careful search
More Words to Know: humane not cruel or brutal; kind Loggers people whose work is cutting down trees tapeworms long, flat worms that live as a parasite in the intestines of humans and animals
Practice Lesson Vocabulary What does your environment include? Name a kind of conservation, and give a suggestion for practicing it. What makes you enthusiastic? True or False Animal shelter volunteers contribute their time. A crime investigation attempts to solve a mystery. An inspirational speech is a boring speech.
Vocabulary Strategy (pg. 210) Context Clues As you read, you will find unfamiliar words. See if you can use context to figure out the meaning of a new word. Context means the words and sentences near the unfamiliar word. Reread the sentence with the unfamiliar word. The author may include a synonym or other context clue to the word’s meaning. If you need more help, read the surrounding sentences. You may spot examples or explanations that give you clues to the word’s meaning. Add up the clues and decide on the meaning of the word. Check to see that this meaning makes sense in the sentence.
Genre: Expository Nonfiction Expository Nonfiction explains a person, a thing, or an idea. As you read, notice how the author gives both facts and opinions based on those facts.
Preview and Predict Preview text features that signal important information, such as numbered subheads and large type. Use lesson vocabulary words as they discuss about what they expect to learn.
Guided Comprehension: Reread the headnote on pg. 214. What is the author’s purpose for writing? Explain whether the statement “tape-worms are simply too revolting to love” is a fact or opinion. Suppose you ask the author why she did not get hurt by an animal during all her years in the forest. What might she say? Why were other scientists shocked when the author gave names to the chimpanzees that she was studying? In what way does the author see animals and people as alike? How do the photos help support Jane goodall’s belief that animals are thinking feeling individuals.
Guided Comprehension Continued: How could you use a context clue to help figure out the meaning of the word migrating. Have you read any other books about animals doing amazing things? Reread the last two sentences of suggestion 6 on pg. 220. Do they state a fact or an opinion? How do you know? How can you use suffixes to tell what the words production and inspirational mean? Define the meaning of the word bear in the second sentence of suggestion 8. How can you use Goodall’s suggestions in your own life to help save wildlife?
Compare and Contrast (TM 217) • Comparisons tell how things are alike. • Sometimes comparisons are stated indirectly, or implied. In that case, the reader must detect the comparison. • Read about Goodall’s dog. The way Rusty acts is being compared to the way a human might act. • Compare Rusty’s behavior when he is scolded for something he knows is wrong and something he doesn’t know is wrong.
Author’s Viewpoint/Bias • An author’s viewpoint is the way an author looks at the subject he or she is writing about. Biased writing is writing that shows an author’s strong feeling for or against something. • You can learn about an author’s viewpoint by asking yourself questions about the author’s beliefs and assumptions as you read. • You can determine whether writing is biased by evaluating the evidence that an author gives to support her or her viewpoint. • Discuss Jane Goodall’s viewpoint as expressed in suggestion 10 on pg. 223. Talk about the optimistic tone of the paragraph which provides a clue that her view is that the environment can be preserved. • Reread suggestion 7 on pg. 220. Write a paragraph that expresses the author’s viewpoint on the suggestion given.
SUMMARY The growth of human populations often results in greater demand for limited natural resources and the clearing of land to meet people’s needs. The author explains how this trend contributes to the alarming loss of animal habitats such as forests, prairies, and coral reefs, and results in steeply declining animal populations. The author also presents stories of how people across America are fighting back by working to save animal habitats. COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS PAGE 3 What are some examples of animal habitats around the world? PAGES 3 AND 7 How does the destruction ofhabitats hurtanimals? PAGE 14 Is the author stating a fact or opinion when she writes that the humpback whale’s “fame comes from the dazzling leaps and displays that it makes”? PAGE 23 How can you tell that the author wants to persuade readers to help animals?
SUMMARY Though animal extinction is a part of nature, human actions can cause animals to become extinct faster than they naturally would. The author explains how this happens and what people have done to prevent giant pandas, manatees, and other endangered animals from suffering this fate. COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS PAGE 5 What are endangered species? PAGE 6 What U.S. law protects endangered species? PAGES 8–11 What is the main reason why the giant panda, spotted owl, and Karner blue butterfly are all endangered or threatened? PAGE 16 Is the author stating a fact or opinion when she writes that “Peregrine falcons became endangered because of a chemical in the environment”?
SUMMARY Many animals are in danger of extinction due to overhunting, pollution, and other human actions. The author explains what people are doing today to ensure that California condors, Bengal tigers, and other endangered animals will not disappear from Earth forever. COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS PAGE 5 Why do some species of animals and plants become extinct? PAGE 8 How does the Endangered Species Act help certain animals? PAGE 16 How does the saving of wild lands help save animals? PAGE 21 Is the author stating a fact or opinion when she writes that endangered animals are “some of nature’s most beautiful and amazing creatures”?
What do you think the selection will be about? Cartoon animals are used to illustrate the article instead of photographs. What does that suggest to you about the article? What additional questions are you asking yourself? How can you tell the author’s opinion? Reading Across Texts Look over Jane Goodall’s 10 points. What is another point that could be added to that list, based on “Why Some Animals Are Considered Bad or Scary”? Write your point #11 and explain it.
Additional Resources http://www.janegoodall.org/ Compare and Contrast Context Clues Tutorial: Fact and Opinion Fact/Opinion context clues 2 Quizlet Jane Goodall's 10 Way to Help Save Wildlife brainpop video