Nutrient’s By: Michelle Shaffer
Carbohydrates • main source of energy from food • 2 types: -simple: sugars -complex: starches • bread,rice,pasta,fruit,candys • 60% of diet • 4 cal/gram
Vitamins • Vitamin D- in milk helps your bones. • Vitamin A- in carrots helps you see at night. • Vitamin C- in oranges helps your body heal if you get a cut. • Vitamin B- in leafy green vegetables help your body make protein and energy.
Fat • nuts, oils, butter, and meats like beef • 30% of diet • little kids, brain and nervous system develop correctly • Trans - margarine and shortening are examples • Saturated- found in animal fats and tropical oils • Unsaturated-have less of an effect on elevating blood cholesterol levels • heart healthy- 25-35% of your total Calories from fat: 7-10 % from saturated and trans-fats • 10% from poly-unsaturated fats and 10-20% from mono-unsaturated fats.
Protein • Sources: • poultry, fish, eggs, dairy products, nuts, seeds, etc… • replaces the tissues in your body • 2 Types: • Animal (complete) • vegetable (incomplete) • Gives you energy
fibre • it helps with constipation. It's important to include both kinds of fibre as part of a healthy diet. • Sources of fibre are grains, pasta, rice, beans, cabbage, carrots ect.. • Has no calories • Improves blood sugar
Minerals • Define • part of bones and teeth • regulating body fluids • parts of enzymes and hormones • 2 types: • Macro (abundant – ie: potassium, chloride, calcium, sodium, magnesium) • Micro (trace -- ie: Zinc, iron, Copper, Selenium, Molybdenum)
Water • Covering over 70% of the surface • Without water we could live • Some organisms are made up of 95% water, while almost all are more than half water.
Bibliography • http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/what-should-you-eat/protein/ • http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/what-should-you-eat/protein/ • http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/food/carb.html • http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/carbohydrates.html • http://kidshealth.org/teen/food_fitness/nutrition/fiber.html • http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/food/vitamin.html • http://www.kidsgeo.com/geography-for-kids/0131-what-is-water.php • http://www.thefoodchart.com/dietary-minerals.php • http://www.natural-health-information-centre.com/trans-fats.html • http://www.bayareanutrition.com/articles.com/typesoffats.html