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Practical Operational Considerations. Jez Hunter MIOSH IRATA L3. Fire-fighters at Height. Roof top fire-fighting Large vehicle extrication Suicide intervention Crag, cliff, crane and building rescue HP/ALP operation Animal rescue Non-operational tasks – engineering tasks.

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practical operational considerations

Practical Operational Considerations


fire fighters at height
Fire-fighters at Height
  • Roof top fire-fighting
  • Large vehicle extrication
  • Suicide intervention
  • Crag, cliff, crane and building rescue
  • HP/ALP operation
  • Animal rescue
  • Non-operational tasks – engineering tasks
sources of training best practice
Sources of Training Best Practice
  • Industry best practice
    • IRATA
    • PASMA
    • Aboriculture Association
  • British Standards
    • BS7985:2002 – Code of practice for the use of rope access methods for industrial purposes
    • BS 8437:2005 Code of practice for selection, use and maintenance of personal fall protection systems and equipment for use in the workplace
  • Fire Service Manual Volume 4 – Guidance, compliance and Training Framework for Rope Working
  • Fire Service Manual Volume 2 – Rope working
  • CFOA WAHR 2005 Guidance for the Fire and Rescue Service
  • Combination of practical and theoretical knowledge, experience, skill and judgement
  • Test of competence…
    • Able to assess the risks effectively
    • Able to devise and implement a safe system of work
    • Able to identify and stop dangerous situations
different ways to skin a cat
Different Ways to Skin a Cat!
  • CCFB First Response
    • All personnel trained in working at height
    • All personnel trained to effect simple team lift and lower 2 person rescues
    • 2 x Wholetime Specialist Rescue Team capable of heavy animal extrication, confined space and advanced rescue
    • Training delivered by 8 (6 wholetime) SRT instructors and audited annually by RIG Systems
different ways to skin a cat1
Different Ways to Skin a Cat!
  • DFRS call safety at height: SHACS
  • Training divided into 2 Levels
  • All personnel trained to Level 1
  • Only IRMP identified Stations trained to Level 2
  • Clear link to 2 Specialist Rope Rescue Teams
  • SHACS training delivered by 15 SHACS instructors (3 of these SRT Instructors)
dfrs shacs level 1
  • Level 1 NORMAL capability:
    • Provide security at height (Restraint and Fall Arrest) only if a rescue can be mounted from the ground
    • Secure casualty until SRT or Level 2 Team arrive
    • Provide a simple rescue in conjunction with a 135 Ladder (replacing lowering using line underfoot drill)??
  • Level 1 Packs EXCEPTIONAL capability:
    • Lower a suspended rescuer to the ground
first response level 2
First Response Level 2
  • Level 2 capability carried on IRMP identified stations
  • Level 2 Packs NORMAL capability:
    • Facilitate rescuer access into and egress from Confined Spaces
    • Lower a rescuer to a stricken casualty to render first aid and stabilise until SRT arrival
  • Level 2 packs EXCEPTIONAL capability
    • Undertake a lower rescue with Attendant and casualty
strategic synergy
Strategic Synergy
  • L Locate Level 1
  • A Access Simple – Level 1

Complex – Level 2

  • S Stabilise Simple – Level 2

Complex – SRT

  • T Transport SRT
specialist rescue teams
Specialist Rescue Teams
  • Levels of competence
    • Technician – 4 days training
    • Supervisor – 5 days further training
    • Instructor – 5 days further training
  • SRTs augmented capability
    • Move 2 person loads
    • Mount an individual-based rescue
    • Advanced casualty packaging
reg 6 hierarchy of controls
Reg 6 – Hierarchy of Controls
  • Avoid
    • Hose mounted ALP
    • Removing access to jumpers
  • Prevent using suitable and sufficient measures
    • Use an existing place – difficult when responding to spontaneous events
    • Use an existing means of access – this could have been structurally undermined
    • Select collective prevention measures over personal measures eg. guard rails in ALP as opposed to restraint lanyards
  • Minimise
    • Minimise distance and consequences - Nets / Fall arrest with anchor point high
    • Minimise consequence - Soft Landing Systems / Fall Arrest with anchor point low / ALJs
    • Provide information, training or other measures to minimise effects of a fall
work restraint
Work Restraint

“A specific form of personal fall prevention system by which a person is prevented from reaching zones where a risk of a fall exists"

work positioning
Work positioning

“A personal fall protection system that enables a user to work while supported in tension or suspension in such a way that a fall is prevented or restricted"

Max fall less than 0.5m

roped access
Roped Access
  • A personal fall protection system that specifically uses two “static” separately secured sub-systems – one as a means of support and the other as a safety back up. This is used to get to and from the place of work and to undertake work positioning
fall arrest
Fall Arrest

“A personal fall protection system by which a fall is arrested to prevent the collision of the user with the ground or structure"

Max fall less than 4m and 6kN

working safely on roofs
Working Safely on Roofs
  • Avoid – do not fight fire from roof
  • Prevent
    • Use ALP
    • Access using 135/105 ladder with restraint strap and top tie off
    • Secure roof ladder using tethers
    • Rig an anchor line if rapid manoeuvrability is required
    • Ensure fragile roofs are identified and avoided if possible
  • Mitigate
    • Fall arrest / ALJs
  • Information, instruction and training
ppe and lifting equipment competent persons
PPE and Lifting Equipment Competent Persons
  • PPE custodians must be competent to thoroughly examine equipment according to an inspection schedule.
  • They should be aware of:
    • Legislative requirements
    • How and why equipment fails
    • How to systematically examine equipment
    • How to quarantine, maintain, repair and dispose
    • How to record findings (Schedule 7 WAHR and Reg 10 LOLER)
integrating rescue capabilities
Integrating Rescue Capabilities

Swiftwater Flood Rescue Awareness

First Response Awareness

Individual Rescue

Team Rescue

Swiftwater Flood Rescue Safety


Height Safety Officer

Swiftwater Flood Rescue Operator

First Response Operator

Ropework Operator

Confined Space Training (USAR)

Swiftwater Flood Rescue ERB Competent Crew

Moving Water 3D Rescue

PPE / Lifting Equip Competent Person

Swiftwater Flood Rescue Technician

First Response Technician

Ropework Technician

Animal Extrication

Swiftwater Flood Rescue Instructor

First Response Instructor

Ropework Instructor

Structural Anchor Installation Technician

  • Logbooks linked to IPDS and Electronic Database
maintaining skill currency
Maintaining skill currency
  • Logbooks linked to IPDS and Electronic Database
  • Development of Field Operations Guides
  • Establishment of consistent currency requirements
  • Annual refresher and revalidation training
  • Audits, Exercises and CPD opportunities

Recruit Initial Training

Wholetime Training

Retained Training

Session 1

Retained Training

Session 2

Retained Training

Session 3


Technician or






  • WAHR is not new, we just need to carry on applying best practice
  • An organisation-wide solution is the most effective in order to standardise technology, methodology and competencies
  • Techniques are constantly evolving – networks are increasingly valuable
www rigsystems co uk 01208 814538 07967 584251 jez@rigsystems co uk 81453807967