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一 Bell Ringer

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  1. 一 Bell Ringer Please pick up the Wanted: just right government reading from the front table. Preview the text like expert readers do. Previewing the text is a solo activity. Write down any thoughts you have.

  2. 二 WANTED: A “Just Right” Government Follow along as I read aloud. As the slides change, find the orange words on the board in the paragraph we just read and underline them.

  3. Independent Citizens Seek Awesome Government much • Has enough ________ to do its job • Doesn’t give anyone too ______ power • Considers the needs of all _________ • Lets citizens have a ________ • Protects individual __________ say states power rights

  4. In 1777, the Americans wrote their first plan for government in a document called the ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION

  5. Independent Citizens Seek Awesome WEAK Government A confederation is a _________ of individuals _______ together for a _________. group united purpose

  6. Independent Citizens Seek Awesome WEAK Government independent • Each state was _________________ and had its own ________________. • Each state would send _______________ to the “Congress of the Confederation.” • The Congress was the only __________ of government. There was no ___________. • In Congress, each state got _______ vote. government representatives branch President one

  7. A Rocky Start Hey, this sounds great! Wait! Not so fast… • States get to keep their ______ and ____________ • No powerful ___________ telling the states what to do. • Congress had the power to create a _________ to ________all the states • Congress had no way to __________ its _______! • Congress had no power to collect _________ to pay for the military! • In order to _______ the Articles, ___________ state had to agree! power independence enforce laws government taxes change military every single protect

  8. 三 QUICK QUIZ! The Articles of Confederation

  9. Under the Articles of Confederation, a President would lead the country. Think About It  True  False 

  10. Under the Articles of Confederation, states would be independent. Think About It   True  False

  11. The Articles of Confederation were easy to change. Think About It  True  False 

  12. Under the Articles, states with more people got more votes in Congress. Think About It  True  False 

  13. Under the Articles, Congress did not have the power to collect taxes. Think About It   True  False

  14. Under the Articles, Congress could pass laws and force states to follow them. Think About It  True  False 

  15. The Articles of Confederation created the first American government. Think About It   True  False

  16. Lots of Differences

  17. 三 QUICK QUIZ! IRRECONCILABLE DIFFERENCES?

  18. Everyone thought the central government should have more power. Think About It  True  False 

  19. Some people were afraid states might lose their independence. Think About It   True  False

  20. Different states had different needs for government to meet. Think About It   True  False

  21. The states all got along with each other. Think About It  True  False 

  22. The government created by the Articles of Confederation had everything under control among the states. Think About It  True  False 

  23. Compromise? Articles of Confederation New Idea 1 Branch Legislative—makes laws 3 Branches

  24. Battle of the Plans The Virginia Plan The New Jersey Plan • Legislative branch has ___ “chambers” • Number of votes for each state depends on the state’s ___________ • ________ states would have more power 2 • Legislative branch has ___ “chamber” • Each state gets ___ vote • ________ states would have more power one one Small population Large (Virginia was a large state, and New Jersey was a small state. Surprise!)

  25. The Constitution Solution Legislative: Makes laws Divide Congress Into Two Houses Executive: Carries out laws Judicial: Interprets laws

  26. 三 QUICK QUIZ! the constitution solution

  27. The Articles required states to treat citizens from other states the same as their own citizens. Think About It  True  False 

  28. Think About It The Constitution requires each state to treat ________ of other states the ______ as it treats its own citizens. citizens same

  29. How many states had to agree in order for the Articles of Confederation to be changed? Think About It   All states  A majority of states

  30. The Constitution can be changed if ________________ of the members of Congress and ________________ of the states agree. Think About It two-thirds (2/3) three-fourths (3/4)

  31. The Articles of Confederation required states to follow the laws Congress passed. Think About It  True  False 

  32. The Constitution says that the laws passed by Congress are _________ to laws passed by the _______. Think About It superior states

  33. Under the Constitution, laws are made by the _______ branch. Think About It A B  executive legislative

  34. Under the Constitution, laws passed by Congress are ___ to state laws. Think About It A  B superior inferior

  35. Under the Constitution, Congress has ______. Think About It A B  1 chamber 2 chambers

  36. Under the Constitution, each state gets two votes in the _______. Think About It A B  House of Representatives Senate

  37. Under the Constitution, the number of votes each state gets in the House of Representatives is based on its _____. Think About It  A B Population Taxes

  38. Under the Constitution, a change to the Constitution must be approved by ____. Think About It A B  All States ¾ of States

  39. 三 QUICK QUIZ! Articles, BOTH, or CONSTITUION

  40. A) Created a president Articles, Constitution or Both? Both Articles Constitution Decide whether each statement applies to the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution, or both. A

  41. B) Created a government Articles, Constitution or Both? Both Articles Constitution Decide whether each statement applies to the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution, or both. A B

  42. C) Had one branch of government Articles, Constitution or Both? Both Articles Constitution Decide whether each statement applies to the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution, or both. A C B

  43. D) Had enough power to do its job Articles, Constitution or Both? Both Articles Constitution Decide whether each statement applies to the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution, or both. A C D B

  44. E) Created a court system Articles, Constitution or Both? Both Articles Constitution Decide whether each statement applies to the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution, or both. A C D B E

  45. F) Gave large and small states the same power Articles, Constitution or Both? Both Articles Constitution Decide whether each statement applies to the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution, or both. A C D B F E

  46. G) Created a Congress Articles, Constitution or Both? Both Articles Constitution Decide whether each statement applies to the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution, or both. A C G D B F E

  47. H) Compromised between large and small states Articles, Constitution or Both? Both H Articles Constitution Decide whether each statement applies to the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution, or both. A C G D B F E

  48. I) Created a military Articles, Constitution or Both? Both H Articles Constitution Decide whether each statement applies to the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution, or both. I A C G D B F E

  49. J) Didn’t let Congress enforce its laws Articles, Constitution or Both? Both H Articles Constitution J Decide whether each statement applies to the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution, or both. I A C G D B F E

  50. 四 Government Flow Chart On the back of your hey king! home prep, You will see this: I will pass out a cut out page. Follow those directions. You may work together. This paper is home prep. see the board for the due date. Glue and Scissors are up front.