ANOTHER FRENCH REVOLUTION • 1830 King Charles X dissolves legislaturecalls for new elections libs. Win X issues the JULY ORDINANCE 1. censorship 2. dissolves legis assembly 3. reduces voting rights July Ordinances cause July Revolution Charles X overthrown mod. libs. support Louis-Philippe as new constit. mon.
KING LOUIS-PHILIPPE (1830-1848) • The “bourgeois monarch” • Dresses and acts middle class • Only upper middle class get vote • Party of Movement + Adolphe Thiers and the Party of Resistance + Francois Guizot *the July Revolution = a liberal revolution
REFORM IN GREAT BRITAIN • The Whigs come to power in 1830 • The Reform Act of 1832 • The Poor Law of 1834 • Repeal of the Corn Laws 1. anti-Corn Law League 2. headed Richard Cobden & Richard Bright 3. liberals wanted “free trade”
THE REVOLUTIONS OF 1848 • Old Regimes survive • Forces of liberalism/nationalism grow • Liberalism/nationalism explode into revolution in 1848 • The Revolutions of 1848 begin in France • Revolution spread all across europe
YET ANOTHER FRENCH REVOLUTION • The February Revolution 1848 1. bad economy 2. unemployment 3. scandal and corruption in govt 4. govt refuses to extend the franchise 5. protest banquet sparks revolution 6. King Louis-Philippe abdicates 7. France is a republic now 8. universal male sufferage 9. Louis Blanc pushes for “national workshops”
THE SECOND FRENCH REPUBLIC • Est. after the Feb. Rev./Rev. of 1848 • No monarchy France is a republic • Universal male sufferage • Single house legislature • Elected president • Louis Napoleon Bonaparte nephew of big Nap. elected 1st pres. of 2nd Repub.