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Wikiwiki. A³ Learning: (Anytime, Anywhere, Anybody). Outline. Wiki Defined Pedagogical Framework Creating a Wiki Educational Application Still Not Sure? Works Consulted. What is a wiki?. Developed by Ward Cunningham in 1995

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A learning anytime anywhere anybody


A³ Learning: (Anytime, Anywhere, Anybody)


  • Wiki Defined

  • Pedagogical Framework

  • Creating a Wiki

  • Educational Application

  • Still Not Sure?

  • Works Consulted

What is a wiki
What is a wiki?

  • Developed by Ward Cunningham in 1995

  • Initially used by scientists and engineers to create dynamic knowledge bases (EDUCAUSE, 2005)

  • Wikiwiki means fast or quick in Hawaiian.

  • Interactive webpages that can be edited by anyone

  • Support user posts/comments, documents, audio, podcasts, videos and pictures.

Characteristics of wikis
Characteristics of Wikis

  • Web 2.0 program

  • Participatory/Democratic

  • Support creativity

  • Collaborative

  • Support communication and interaction

  • Anytime/anywhere access

  • Student-centered

  • 21st century skills

  • Based on trust

  • Free

  • Take advantage of “cloud computing”

Pedagogical framework
Pedagogical Framework

The learning experience must be

  • active,

  • social,

  • contextual,

  • engaging

  • and student‐owned.

Five Learner‐Centered Principles for Deeper Learning(Carmean, 2003).

Pedagogical framework1
Pedagogical Framework

Good practice in undergraduate education:

  • encourages contact between students and faculty,

  • develops reciprocity and cooperation among students,

  • encourages active learning,

  • gives prompt feedback,

  • emphasizes time on task,

  • communicates high expectations,

  • and respects diverse talents and ways of learning.

The Seven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate Education (Chickering &Gamson, 1987).

How can they be used
How can they be used?

Brainstorming: When starting a specific project or a creative process, participants are invited to add items and thoughts on a wiki. They are also asked to link all these random thoughts and concept together in order to stimulate creativity.

Group project: A wiki can act as a private intranet for a specific group project so all participants can communicate, share resources (including texts, videos, spreadsheets, links, etc.), and write a report or a book together.

Meeting support: An agenda for a specific meeting is posted on a wiki and participants are invited to consult and edit it prior to a meeting. The wiki is edited during the meeting to include was discussed. Participants can later use the wiki to post missing information or follow‐up items. This technique is also very useful for training, presentations, and birds of a feather sessions during conferences.

Make lists: From a list of best restaurants in town to a glossary of terms used in a specific field of expertise, a wiki is a great way to organize this kind of content. In the same spirit, wikis can also be used to build an online repository of relevant documents or FAQs.

Collections of links: Wikis can be used for social bookmarking. They give to all participants the possibility to post, comment, group, and classify links of all nature or in a specific field of expertise.

Writing a collective letter, position, statement, web content: When writing something that is intended for an official legal instance, to clients, to upper management or to the general public, a wiki is an excellent tool to reach a consensus, define key ideas, and write down the content to be clear and non‐offensive.

Building a group portfolio: Any organization can use a wiki to post past projects, testimonials from clients, history of the organization, etc. This kind of portfolio is a powerful marketing tool.

Plourde, 2008

How i have used it
How I have used it?

For students

  • To sell textbooks

  • To review chapter readings

  • To evaluate course related scenarios

  • To review for exams

  • To collect student artifacts

  • For personal presentations

  • As a course management system

Creating a wiki
Creating a Wiki

  • PBworks

  • Wikispaces

  • Wetpaint

A learning anytime anywhere anybody

Use these tab to add change your wiki settings, add users, add pages and folders.

Pages can be added or files uploaded here.

Click here to edit your wiki.

Students can make comments.

All pages and folders are displayed here.


A learning anytime anywhere anybody

When in edit format, page functions like Word document with similar tool bar.

All files are displayed. To upload new files, click on Images and files and then click Upload.

When finished editing, click save to return the wiki to a webpage.

Tool bar and adding documents and images

Doubt it will work
Doubt it will work? similar tool bar.

But rather than collapsing into chaos and endless arguments over the exact diameter of the second Death Star (a debate that, in fact, continues), the world of the self-proclaimed Wikipedians has grown into a thriving online society.

"Its existence is proof of a radically different way of organizing production," says Yochai Benkler, a professor at Harvard Law School who studies social networks and the Internet.

(Bennett, 2011)

Wikipedia similar tool bar.

  • 10th anniversary

  • 17 million entries in more than 250 languages

  • Encyclopedia Britannica has 120,000 entries.

I know what you are thinking
I know what you are thinking. similar tool bar.

  • As the satirical newspaper The Onion put it in a recent headline: "Wikipedia Celebrates 750 Years Of American Independence."

(Bennett, 2011)

Wikipedia similar tool bar.

  • A 2005 study in the journal Nature found that in a sample of articles, there were an average of

    • 2.92 mistakes per article for Britannica

    • and 3.86 for Wikipedia.

(Bennett, 2011)

Who is using them
Who is using them? similar tool bar.

Brown University


Washington State University

JhuWiki (Johns Hopkins University)

WikiPaltz (SUNY New Paltz)

UMassWiki (University of Massachusetts)

OberWiki (Oberlin College)

DavisWiki (UC Davis)

University of Calgary Wiki

Works consulted
Works Consulted similar tool bar.

Bennett, D. (2011). Assessing Wikipedia, wiki-style, on Its 10th anniversary. Bloomberg BusinessWeek.

Retrieved from: http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/11_03/b4211057979684.htm

Bold, M. (2006). Use of wikis in graduate course work. Journal of Interactive Learning Research, 17(1), 5-14.

Briggs, L. (2008). The Power of Wikis in Higher. Campus Technology. Retrieved from:


Cole, M. (2009). Using Wiki technology to support student engagement: Lessons from the trenches. Computers & Education, 52, 141-146.

Ebner, M. Kickmeier-Rust, M., & Holzinger, A. (2008). Utilizing Wiki-Systems in higher education classes: A chance for universal access? Universal Access Information Society, 7, 199-207.

EDUCAUSE. (2005). 7 things you should know about…wikis. EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative. Retrieved from: http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ELI7004.pdf

Engstrom, M. E. & Jewett, D. (2005). Collaborative learning the wiki way. TechTrends, 49(6), 12-16.

Lowe, J. W. (2003). Other people’s data and wiki web sites. Geospatial Solutions, 13(6), 42-25.

McGee, P. and Diaz, V. (2007). Wikis and podcasts and blogs! Oh, my! What is a faculty member supposed to do? EDUCAUSE Review, 42(5), 28-41.

Plourde, M. (2008). Wikis in higher education. Report produced by the University of Delaware. Retrieved from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=- dnL00TdmLY