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Collection 2 Project. Ashley Sprang C.P English 11 9. Figures Of Speech. A Figure of Speech is where a word or words are used to create an effect, often where they do not have their original or literal meaning.

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collection 2 project

Collection 2 Project

Ashley Sprang

C.P English 11


figures of speech
Figures Of Speech

A Figure of Speech is where a word or words are used to create an effect, often where they do not have their original or literal meaning.

Edgar Allan Poe uses a figure of speech in his story, Never Bet the Devil Your Head. The title itself is a figure of speech.

Never Bet the Devil Your Head




Speech is a formal address given to an

audience, or a printed version of the same address.

Oliver Wendell Holmes gave a speech on Memorial Day, May 30, 1895, at a meeting called by the Graduating Class of Harvard University. The most famous line of this speech is :

"We have shared the incommunicable experience of war; we have felt, we still feel, the passion of life to its top."


Metaphor- A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things without the use of such specific words of comparison as like, as, than, or resembles. There are several kinds of metaphors.

Oliver Wendell Holmes uses metaphors in his poem

“The Last Leaf”.

They say that in his prime,Ere the pruning-knife of TimeCut him down,Not a better man was foundBy the Crier on his roundThrough the town.And if I should live to beThe last leaf upon the treeIn the spring,Let them smile, as I do now,At the old forsaken boughWhere I cling


Symbolism- A literary movement that originated in late nineteenth century France, in which writers rearranged the world of appearances in order to reveal a more truthful version of reality. The symbolists believed that direct statements of feeling were inadequate, instead they called for new and striking imaginative images to evoke complexities of meaning and mood. The French symbolist were influenced by poetry and critical writings of the American writer Edgar Allan Poe.

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow use symbolism in his poem “After Math”.

 When the summer fields are mown, (symbolizes a nice summer life that is destroyed)   When the birds are fledged and flown, And the dry leaves strew the path; (symbolizes the death of soldiers)   With the falling of the snow, With the cawing of the crow, ( Symbolizes death and decay Ect..)   Once again the fields we mow      And gather in the aftermath.    Not the sweet, new grass with flowers    Is this harvesting of ours;     Not the upland clover bloom;   But the rowen mixed with weeds,   Tangled tufts from marsh and meads,   Where the poppy drops its seeds     In the silence and the gloom.


Rhythm- The alteration of stressed and unstressed syllables in language.

Henry David Thoreau uses rhythm in his poem Indeed, Indeed, I cannot tell.

Indeed, indeed, I cannot tell,Though I ponder on it well,Which were easier to state,All my love or all my hate.Surely, surely, thou wilt trust meWhen I say thou dost disgust me.O, I hate thee with a hateThat would fain annihilate;Yet sometimes against my will,My dear friend, I love thee still.It were treason to our love,And a sin to God above,One iota to abateOf a pure impartial hate.


Rhyme- The repetition of vowel sounds in accented syllables and all succeeding syllables

Edgar Allan Poe uses Rhyme in his poem “The Conqueror Worm.

Lo! ‘tis a gala night!

Within the lonesome latter years

An angel throng, be winged, bed light

In veils, and drowned in tears,

Sit in a theatre, to see

A play of hope and fears

While the orchestra breathes fritfully

The music of spheres.


Meter-A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. Showed with (‘)

Herman Melville uses meter in his poem Clarel A Poem and Pilgrimage in the Holy Land.

Yea, ape and angel, strife and old debate --The harps of heaven and the dreary gongs of hell;Science the feud can only aggravate --No umpire she betwixt the chimes and knell:The running battle of the star and clodShall run for ever -- if there be no God


Alliteration- The repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds in words that are close together. For example. Darkness calls, the S’s

Edgar Allan Poe uses alliteration in his poem The Raven.

Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary,Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore,While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.`'Tis some visitor,' I muttered, `tapping at my chamber door -Only this, and nothing more.'


Onomatopoeia- The use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning. For example “buzz”

Edgar Allan Poe uses onomatopoeia in his poem “The Bells”.

How the clang, and clash and roar!

What a horror they outpour

On the bosom of the palpitating air!

Yet the ear it fully knows,

By the twanging,

And the clanging,

How the danger ebbs and flows;

Yet the ear distinctly tells,

In the jangling,

And the wrangling


Assonance- The repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds especially in words close together. For example the tide rises, the tide falls, twilight darkens.

Edgar Allan Poe uses assonance in his poem The Raven.

Ah, distinctly I remember it was in the bleak December,And each separate dying ember wrought its ghost upon the floor.Eagerly I wished the morrow; - vainly I had sought to borrowFrom my books surcease of sorrow - sorrow for the lost Lenore -For the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels named Lenore -Nameless here for evermore


Consonance- The repetition of the same or similar final consonant sounds in accented syllables or important words.

Edgar Allan Poe uses consonance in his story The Tale Tell Heart.

Anything was more tolerable than this derision! I could bear those hypocritical smiles no longer! I felt that I must scream or die! and now --again! --hark! louder! louder! louder! louder!"Villains!" I shrieked, "dissemble no more! I admit the deed! --tear up the planks! here, here! --It is the beating of his hideous heart!"

william cullen bryant s beliefs
William Cullen Bryant's Beliefs

William Cullen Bryant showed his everchanging beliefs about afterlife in his poems Thanatopsis, To A Waterfowl, The Flood Of Years. In Thanatopsis he has an anti-Christian, stoical view of death. Which means unaffected by pleasure or pain. In To a Waterfowl he says god is omnipresent and beneficent, which means God is everywhere at one time, and is kind and charitable. He kept this point of view until his



The Flood Of Years

To A Waterfowl

the effects these writers brought about
The Effects These Writers Brought About

William Cullen Bryant brought about the view anti-Christianity in his poem Thanatopsis. This made anti-Christianity and no life after death more open to the public. And it is still an issue today in our society.\

William Cullen Bryant also brought about freedom of speech, and abolishing slavery. Are lives today are shaped upon people like him, who’s views are shared by many.

Edgar Allan Poe brought about a more graphic way of thinking and writings, from his saddened of murderous poems and stories. Because of Edgar Allan Poe, people today still view things are dark and mysterious. People were also opened up to a new way of writing, which still effects peoples lives today.


Internet References

Book References

Stories and Poems of Edgar Allan Poe