Moving Towards A Stronger Future. Can we find the commitment and the energy to make a contribution?. Linda Cairns PAGc Embrace life coordinator. Risk Factors. What are “risk factors”? Risk factors are those things in a person’s life that might take them to thinking about suicide.
Can we find the commitment and the energy to make a contribution?
Suicide rates amongst Canada’s Aboriginal people are higher than those of other Canadians.
Health Canada (1996) data suggests suicide rates amongst First Nation males are 2.6 times and for women 4 times higher than for the Canadian population in general.
Aboriginal youth are at 5-6 times greater risk than their non-Aboriginal peers
Psychobiological factors such as depression and grief, which are made worse for many by the sheer number of deaths in small close-knit communities.
Life history factors including cultural discontinuity, disruption of families by outside intervention and prevalent substance use and abuse.
Many First Nations, Metis and Inuit experienced exclusion from the dominant society and alienation from a traditional lifestyle. They have “the terrible emptiness of feeling strung between two cultures and psychologically home to neither.” (Choosing Life p. 30)
Connected to dislocation; in care, separation
Social and economic conditions
Mental Health concerns
Exposure to violence
Contact, conquest, residential schools
What are “protective factors”?
Protective factors are those things that give troubled persons reasons for living.
Protective factors can be active in the individual, family and community.
Resources for basic needs: shelter, food, water, health care.
Relationship needs: Connection with a variety of people who are supportive and demonstrate pro social competence.
Connections with history, culture, customs.
Belief in something greater than me; spirituality, faith, religion.
Creative Problem Solving
Sense of Humour
I care about other people
I contribute to the well-being of others
I am a role model
I care about myself
I do things to keep me healthy and safe
To work with communities
To advocate for a youth voice.
To promote, protect and preserve LIFE.
Suicide is a community problem that needs community ACTION.
Planning Alternative Tomorrows with Hope
Sustainable change takes patience, persistence and time.
Many are resistant and fear change; but a change in attitude and habits can promote, preserve and protect LIFE.
Energy is created through ACTION.
Positive change cannot happen without action.
A safe, vibrant, healthy community where everyone belongs.
Break down the silos/barriers.
everyone achieves more.
Youth need to feel they belong.
With vs. For
Volunteerism grows self esteem.
Involvement reduces violence.
Community Development Strategies must address the complex nature of suicide in Aboriginal communities by looking at the following four areas:
Traditional Healing Practices
Interagency Communication and Support.
Training in ASIST
Suicide awareness information
Refer page 56 of
What is Working, What is Hopeful…
Applied Suicide Intervention
Each person influences growth in a family and each family influences growth as a community.
strength based approach creates healthy outcomes
Are YOU ready to be the best FOR the world?
. . . when we believe it,
we’ll see it.”
• Believe it and you’ll see it.
• Recognize abundance.
• Look for possibilities.
• Unleash your energy to fix what’s wrong.
CONTINUED . . .
• Ride the changes.
• Take yourself to your edge.
• Be your best for the world.
AND YOU’LL SEE IT.
• Commit to the results you’re looking for.
• Find ways around obstacles.
• Have high expectations.
• Acknowledge all that you
have to work with.
• Broaden your definition
• Look for ways to
• Focus on opportunity,
rather than scarcity.
• Find what’s working.
• Keep looking for the
next possible answer.
• Connect with a
• Believe that solutions exist.
• Focus on what is right
with the situation.
• Realize that change
• Learn to live with
act with confidence.
• Challenge the order
in your life.
TO YOUR EDGE.
• Trust yourself and create your own future.
• Follow your edge wherever it goes.
• Move beyond your best.
FOR THE WORLD.
• Act with service and grace.
• Make a contribution through action.
• Talk about your successes to discover
Over the next two days…