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Moving towards the livable city of the future. Francesc Robusté CENIT - BarcelonaTech. Sustainable, safe and efficient urban mobility (“intelligent”? If it’s cost/efficient). Economic territory. Seamless door-to-door mobility “City” is a generic concept

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slide1

Moving towards the livable city

of the future

Francesc Robusté

CENIT - BarcelonaTech

sustainable safe and efficient urban mobility intelligent if it s cost efficient
Sustainable, safe and efficient urban mobility (“intelligent”? If it’s cost/efficient)

Economic territory

  • Seamless door-to-door mobility
  • “City” is a generic concept
  • Mayors will likely welcome EU policy on pricing and regulation
  • Promote and disseminate/share best cases

World map where distance = $cost

Economic corridors: distortion of physical territory

  • Common mobility principles for European cities
european cities as a social project of integration

Mutation in urban mobility

European cities as a social project of integration
  • Democratization of the street
  • Human / convivial cities
  • Diversity
  • Integration
  • Systems approach
  • Technology (when is useful)
  • Wifi = one more utility
  • Still basic constraints: water, energy, emissions, health, safety and security, etc.
  • Infrastructures  services
  • Objects  processes
  • Static  dynamic
  • Recurrence (commuter, HBM)  singularity
  • Event  common

Integration:

a social project

IldefonsCerdà

“Network Urbanism”

“The city of the future…”

is the Mediterranean city!

slide4

What’s the future of urban mobility?

What will probably be NOT the future….

Europe, quo vadis?

european cities for the people
European cities for the people

Livable, convivial and efficient cities

Collective taxicabs and microbuses

Carsharing and shared vehicles

WALK

TRANSIT

CAR

Unmanned vehicles

slide6
ICT is strategic for Europe, but just operational in mobilityWe move atoms with energy, electrons and photons

% system imple-menta-tion

Strategic

Operational

Time

ITS, smart cities… but do we have brains?

Bangemann Report

“Europe and the global information society” (Corfu, 1994)

Tactical

time

”The end of distance”. 10 million teleworks in 2000

?

=

Industrial

ICT

Civil

=

?

Telematics in all TERN in 2000 and in 30 metropolitan areas

oops forgot the stakeholders behavior administration operators users citizens
Oops! Forgot the stakeholders’ behavior!Administration, operators, users, citizens

Behavioral, economic and operational issues

HOV

N-VI

Madrid

re engineering and systems approach no epic bold changes re engineering is radikal

Re-enginering urban mobility

Re-engineering and systems approachNo epic/bold changes? Re-engineering is radikal!
  • Innovation is doing things “right”
  • Intelligence ITS = R+D+i, multidisciplinary cross-fertilization
  • Known concepts (functional laws, Economy principles) with “new chemistry” (reactives + catalyzers) & boosted with ICT and intelligence
  • Towards a functional & multi-stakeholder approach to urban mobility
mode promiscuity and convergence 1
Mode promiscuity and convergence (1)

Eco-mobility

PV

Transit

Rail

bicycle

car

BRT

taxi

motorcycle

pedestrian

bus

shared / public

commuter

rail

LRT

HOV

metro

“BiCiNg”

carsharing



The extreme converge

São Paulo, 2007

LGBT city

Barcelona, 2008

slide10

Personalization vs “coolness”

  • Dublin
  • Montpellier
  • Lyon

Can mobility define us?

  • Paris
  • Barcelona

“Cool!” danger:

TOTO: humanbiogas

slide13

Economic principles (1)

€/q(PC)

€/q(PT)

AC PT

AC PC

q(PT)

q(PC)

Tr. cost

Land price

AC

AC

Metro

PV

TC

MC

Bus

Tramway

D to CBD

Demand

Demand

Rich

Business

Poor

slide14

Economic principles (2)

Unit cost (€/km)

Averagecost (users)

Marginal (social) cost

Marginal income (demand)

Tax

Effect

Flow (veh/h)

Social equilibriumflow

Currentequilibrium

Arthur C. Pigou (1912)

William S. Vickrey (1969)

Nobel PrizeEconomics 1996

Principles of Efficient Congestion Pricing

slide15

Economic principles (3)

Restrictions

1

0

Pricing

Mix

Singapur (1975)

London (2003)

Stockholm (2006)

Milano (2008)

Carlos F. Daganzo (1995)

Bogotá (1998)

slide16

Recipes for Sustainable Urban Mobility…

  • Public transport interchanges and “city hubs”
  • Parking regulation and pricing
  • Road pricing
  • Traffic restricted areas
  • Boosting bicycles and walking
  • More quality in public transport
  • Flexible supply to fit demand
  • Logistic platforms for loading and unloading
  • Tele-working
  • Carsharing centers
  • Etc.

… and “real” planning as opposed to “false” planning:

slide17

City planning

City planning and economic territory

  • Concentration
  • Density
  • Self-restraint
  • Anisotropy
  • Functional design
  • Flows and urban services
  • Networks
  • Pedestrian “islands”: they “work” when the economic flow is maintained (exchange of car flow by people flow to maintain the money flow)

Integration vsseggregation

The city as a “large building” converges towards “zoning”....

Ildefons Cerdà´s Eixample in Barcelona = social integration project

slide19
Netbus: Reinvention and promotion of efficient bus services, competitive with tramways, cars and even metro

B

b

t

T

M

R

NB

NB

Public Transport - Transit

  • Strategic vs. operational decisions
  • Flexibility of buses vs. rigidity of railways
  • Energy: hybrid, gas, KAIST, etc.
slide20

Traffic

  • Managed lanes
  • Traffic congestion regulation
  • Congestion pricing
  • Emissions (CO2, PM, NOx)
  • Urban safety

Speed has a price (economic, social, environmental)

“Cities can regulate congestion with traffic lights of the XXI century”

“Ring roads and roundabouts can reach gridlock state independently of the flow”

“A Pareto optimal policy is a mix of charging and rationing”

Value pricing (Pigou, Vickrey)

what will likely be in and out in european cities 2050 scenario

“In” and “Outs” for the future

What will likely be In and Out in European cities (2050 scenario)
  • IN
  • Pedestrians
  • Bicycles, eBicycles, eBikes
  • Buses, netbus, proximity bus
  • eCars, eFreight distribution
  • Carpool and shared vehicles
  • Managed lanes, VVI, IVI, unmanned driving
  • Pricing and fare integration
  • Planning, land price, legislation, governance…
  • Elderly, handicapped & MRP
  • Urban safety
  • OUT
  • Segways
  • Kickbicycles, tricycles
  • Motorcycles with 3 wheels
  • Lean cars
  • PRT, AGT, monorails
  • Tramways (electric BRTs)
  • Trolley buses
  • Paratransit with buses
  • AMW moving walkways
  • Freight in tramways/ metros
  • Speed
slide23

Conclusions (1)

“Barcelona model” of mobility:

 Safety

 Sustainability

 Social equity

 Efficiency

 Agreement (deal) and social consensus

 Metropolitan perspective

slide24

Conclusions (2)

  • “Package of soft management measures” in urban transportation (enhanced by ITS) as opposed to hard physical infrastructures of “technology driven innovations”
  • Service management (TSM) and shared vehicles and infrastructures
  • Re-engineering of current mobility services (netbus, MFD, etc.)
  • Focus on the people and stakeholders behavior: the livable and convivial city (social “deal” and consensus)
  • Promiscuity and convergence of urban mobility modes
  • Emissions and energy issues will improve but urban safety and congestion will remain
  • Major concerns and constraints remain about water, energy and climate change
  • Need “functional” laws and governance in mobility
  • European policy and guidelines regardless of subsidiarity
slide25

Francesc Robusté

  • f.robuste@upc.edu
  • +34 93 4017104

Moving towards the livable city of the future

Director of CENIT (Center for Innovation in Transport, Barcelona) and Professor of Transportation at BarcelonaTech. President of the Spanish Transportation Engineering Association. Expert of World Bank, UN-Habitat, OECD-JTRC, etc. Has SCI publications in Transportation Science, Transportation Research A, B, C, and E, Transportmetrica, IEEE Transactions on ITS, Journal of Tr. Eng., Tr. Res. Record, etc.