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Assumption 1: Behaviour is influenced by the unconscious mind. We have an unconscious mind which influences our behaviour We are unaware of our unconscious

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assumption 1 behaviour is influenced by the unconscious mind
Assumption 1: Behaviour is influenced by the unconscious mind
  • We have an unconscious mind which influences our behaviour
  • We are unaware of our unconscious
  • The unconscious mind contains socially unacceptable ideas, wishes or desires, traumatic memories, and painful emotions – which we have repressed
the psychoanalytic approach
The Psychoanalytic Approach
  • Sigmund Freud – 19th Century/early 20th
assumption 1 behaviour is influenced by the unconscious mind1
Assumption 1: Behaviour is influenced by the unconscious mind
  • Freudian slip
    • You say something which accidentally reveals your unconscious desire. Can often be sexual or violent
    • “Let’s get some eggs from the shop” becomes “Lets get some sex from the shop”
    • “When I see him I will thank him” becomes “When I see him I will hit him”
  • Can you think of an example of when this has happened to you?
assumption 1 behaviour is influenced by the unconscious mind2
Assumption 1: Behaviour is influenced by the unconscious mind
  • Other ways of accessing the unconscious
    • Dream analysis
    • Rorschach inkblot test
    • Word association
  • Have a go at word association
  • Rorschach inkblot test
assumption 2 different levels of consciousness
Assumption 2: Different levels of consciousness
  • The mind is like an iceberg
  • Conscious: what we are aware of
  • Preconscious: what we could be conscious of if we turned our attention
  • Unconscious: inaccessible
assumption 3 the tripartite model of personality
Assumption 3: The Tripartite Model of Personality
  • We do not have one unified personality, but 3 different parts
  • They pull us in different directions.
    • “I really need to study, but I want to go to a party with my friends”.
  • ID
  • EGO
  • SUPEREGO
assumption 4 ego defence mechanisms
Assumption 4: Ego defence mechanisms
  • How the ego protects itself from unconscious thoughts and feelings
  • Can push a desire out of consciousness, or transfer it to something else.
    • Repression
    • Displacement
    • Projection
assumption 5 early childhood experiences and relationships
Assumption 5: Early childhood experiences and relationships
  • Events in childhood shape our adult personality
  • Traumatic events can be repressed and cause stress later in life
  • Relationships with parents set template for adult relationships
  • Describe some ways that adult personality may be shaped by your childhood.
freud s psychoanalytic theory barriers to development
Freud’s Psychoanalytic TheoryBarriers to Development
  • Extreme neglect and abuse
  • Extreme permissiveness or unconditional warmth
  • No warmth or affection
psychoanalytic types of offenders
Psychoanalytic types of Offenders
  • Weak superego type
  • Weak ego type
  • Normal antisocial offender
  • Neurotic offender
  • Other
    • Psychotic
    • Developmentally delayed
    • Situational offender
    • Substance abuse, intoxication
    • Accidental offender
weak superego type
Weak Superego type
  • Reckless disregard for conventional rules
  • Antisocial Cognitions
  • Weak conventional ambitions
    • Lack of ego-ideal
  • Conduct problems
  • Conflict with authority figures
  • Separateness from others
weak ego type
Weak Ego Type
  • Immaturity
  • Poorly developed social skills
  • Poor reality testing
  • Excessive dependence
  • Following the leader
  • Stumbling into criminal activities
normal antisocial offender
“Normal” Antisocial Offender
  • Identification with criminal parent
  • Superego is procriminal
neurotic offender
Neurotic Offender
  • Unconscious desire to be punished
  • Overactive superego