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Verbs and Gerunds. Parts of Speech. Verbs. Verbs show time and action. Example will jump jumps was jumping. Action Verbs. Things that can be done. Example ran punched left did. Helping Verbs. Existing is an action. Helping verbs show time, condition, and existence. Example

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verbs and gerunds

Verbs and Gerunds

Parts of Speech

verbs
Verbs

Verbs show time and action.

Example

will jump

jumps

was jumping

action verbs
Action Verbs

Things that can be done.

Example

ran

punched

left

did

helping verbs
Helping Verbs

Existing is an action.

Helping verbs show time, condition, and existence.

Example

I am mad.

Am, is, are, was, were, will, be, being, been, has, have, had, do, did, does, may, might, must, shall, should, would, could, can

verb phrases
Verb Phrases

Verb phrases show time, condition, and action.

Helping verb + action verb = verb phrase

Examples

I am studying.

They were skipping class.

They will fail.

gerunds
Gerunds

Gerunds are the noun forms of verbs.

verb+ing = gerund

Gerunds are NOT attached to helping verbs.

Examples

Drawingis fun.

Eating late at night may lead to nightmares.

He hatesdoing homework.

there may be more than one verb or verb phrase in each sentence
There May Be More Than One Verb or Verb Phrase in Each Sentence

Ayonna ran to the store and bought chips.

Jessica was holding the door when the fight started.

Playing football is much more dangerous if you’re not wearing pads.

If you are talking during class, you might get in trouble.

I am not good at running.

review
Review

Helping verbs show time.

Helping verb + action verb = verb phrase.

I am walking. I was walking.

Gerunds = noun form of verb.

Gerund = ing + verb – helping verb.

Walking is a good time.

practice
Practice
  • Write down each sentence.
  • Underline the verbs.
  • Circle the gerunds.
slide10
1

Eating pizza is fun.

slide11
2

Tim might study if he’s not too busy.

slide12
3

Playing sports can be healthy.

slide13
4

Tom went home, did his chores, and slept.

slide14
5

I am not good at lying.

slide15
6

Stealing, lying, and cheating are wrong.

slide16
7

Are you going to the store?

answers
Answers

1. Eating pizza is fun.

2. Tim might study if he’s not too busy.

3. Playing sports can be healthy.

4. Tom went home, did his chores, and slept.

5. I am not good at lying.

6. Stealing, lying, and cheatingare wrong.

7. Are you going to the store?