“THE CENSORS” Luisa Valenzuela
Examining what you know… • FOCUS FREE WRITE • You may list, web, brainstorm, • Be ready to discuss your thoughts. • THE ESSENTIAL QUESTION: • What do you know about censorship? • Is it good or important? Is it bad? Explain
What is censorship? • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P2SZxY5MQzw
About the Authorluisa Valenzuela • From Latin America • Wrote short stories & novels • Against dictatorship in 1970s in Argentina • Feminist perspective • Against government control
“The censors”historical Background • published in 1976 • Military faction overthrew Argentina’s government • Severe rule, restricted liberties • Killed those who opposed • Strict censorship of its citizens
What is Satire? • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F_eCsvfRX68
Satire • An attack on or criticism of any stupidity or vice in the form of scathing humor, or a critique of what the author sees as dangerous religious, political, moral, or social standards Based on the title, what could the author have been making political commentary about?
Let’s Read the story… • How much censorship is bad? • Kenny Fritz is my favorite student • Can censorship change a person?
Exit Pass • TICKET OUT THE DOOR QUESTION: • Based on what we discussed today, what is a satire? • Start your answer with “A satire is…” • ANSWERS MUST BE IN COMPLETE SENTENCES.
Day Two: • Why does Juan become a censor? • To intercept a letter he wrote to Marianna • Who is Mariana? What can you conclude about the past and current relationship? • His friend; close at one point but she left
How does Juan jeopardize Marina’s safety? • By writing her a letter, the government censors & inspects mail • Why does Juan want to intercept the letter he mailed to Mariana? • To protect her from the content of his letter; people were hurt who wrote & received letters
How does Juan work his way through the Censorship Division? • What does Juan do when he finds his letter?
What is our opinion of Juan? What kind of character is he? Support your opinion with examples from the story. (5 points)Explain how and why Juan seems to change during the course of his work as a censor. (Hint: What are his initial motivations, his attitude toward work and duty, his gradual changes in attitude?)
In addition to telling an entertaining story, what else do you think Valenzuela’s purpose might be? • Why do you think censorship is more severe in dictatorships than in democracies? Do you think that censorship is necessary in certain circumstances?
What is a satire? What elements of the story make it a satire? Use specific examples.