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There are only few influential groups that shape policymaking majority always rules politics is shaped by competition between groups many access points diminish group influence. c. Pluralists argue that. Democratic theory elite theory pluralism interest group liberalism. d.

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Pluralists argue that

There are only few influential groups that shape policymaking

majority always rules

politics is shaped by competition between groups

many access points diminish group influence

c

Pluralists argue that


The idea of powerful groups and weak government is most closely associated with

Democratic theory policymaking

elite theory

pluralism

interest group liberalism

d

The idea of powerful groups and weak government is most closely associated with


The of the federal budget devoted to national defense is

One-tenth policymaking

one-sixth

one-fourth

one-third

b

The % of the federal budget devoted to national defense is


Regarding the issue of slavery the delegates to the constitution convention agreed

To abolish slavery policymaking

not to count slaves in determining representation to Congress

to sanction slavery officially

to limit future import of slaves

d

Regarding the issue of slavery, the delegates to the Constitution Convention agreed


A writ of habeas corpus

Enables persons detained by authorities to secure an immediate inquiry into the causes of their detention

allows for punishment of people without judicial trial

Allows for people to be punished for acts that were not illegal when originally committed

narrowly defines rules of evidence for treason

a

A writ of habeas corpus


In the madisonian model of government majority rule is accomplished by the

Senate immediate inquiry into the causes of their detention

House of Representatives

President

Supreme Court

b

In the Madisonian model of government, majority rule is accomplished by the


Which of the following was not an anti federalist argument

Constitution was a class based document immediate inquiry into the causes of their detention

Constitution was a conspiracy of the framers

Constitution did not need a Bill of Rights

Constitution would benefit creditors

c

Which of the following was not an Anti-Federalist argument?


The power of the commerce clause was expanded through

Marbury vs. Madison immediate inquiry into the causes of their detention

Gibbons vs. Ogden

McCullogh vs. Maryland

Miranda vs. Arizona

b

The power of the commerce clause was expanded through


The constitution grants the national government exclusive power to

Coin money immediate inquiry into the causes of their detention

tax

establish courts

charter banks

a

The Constitution grants the national government exclusive power to


Mccullogh vs maryland established

National supremacy immediate inquiry into the causes of their detention

National supremacy and judicial review

National supremacy and implied powers

Implied power

c

McCullogh vs. Maryland established


In dual federalism the

National government dominates in policymaking immediate inquiry into the causes of their detention

there are distinct powers and policies at the state and national levels

policymaking is shared between levels

states are supreme

b

In dual federalism the


In mapp vs ohio the supreme court

Extended the principle of unreasonable searches and seizures to the states

established the exclusionary rule

required probable cause

protected individuals from self-incrimination

a

In Mapp vs. Ohio, the Supreme Court


In miller vs california defining obscenity was left up to

Private individuals to the states

courts

Congress

state and local officials

d

In Miller vs. California, defining obscenity was left up to


The supreme court upheld segregation with

Dred Scott vs. Sandford to the states

Plessey vs. Ferguson

Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka

Swann vs. Charlotte-Mecklenberg SD

b

The Supreme Court upheld segregation with


Which of the following statements about malcolm x is the most accurate

Campaigned primarily against de jure segregation to the states

appeal largely in the South

Campaigned primarily against de facto segregation

advocated only civil disobedience

c

Which of the following statements about Malcolm X is the most accurate?


Suffrage for women was achieved with the

Fifteenth Amendment to the states

Seventeenth Amendment

Nineteenth Amendment

Twenty-fourth amendment

c

Suffrage for women was achieved with the


Trial balloons are used by politicians to

Put issues on the policy agenda to the states

see their constituents

test political reactions

take opinion poll data

c

Trial balloons are used by politicians to


The news media tends to do all of the following except

Mirror reality to the states

show more bad news than good news

focus on stories that generate good pictures

overemphasize dramatic events

a

The news media tends to do all of the following except


Throughout american history third parties have

Developed as offshoots of a a major party to the states

promoted specific causes

developed as an extension of a popular presidential aspirant

all of the above

d

Throughout American history, third parties have


Which of the following statements about political parties is false

Rise in ticket-splitting to the states

Rise in electoral volativity

Rise in turnout

Rise in registered independent voters

c

Which of the following statements about political parties is false?


Buckley vs valeo

Limited the amount individuals could contribute to their own campaigns

extended right of free speech to PACs

required PACs to register with FEC

declared FEC unconstitutional

b

Buckley vs Valeo


Which statement about primaries is true

Increase costs of campaigns campaigns

Weaken party control over nominations

allow for ‘outsiders’ to achieve nomination

all of the above

d

Which statement about primaries is true


The belief that ordinary people can influence the government is known as

Rational behavior campaigns

civic duty

political efficacy

political socialization

c

The belief that ordinary people can influence the government is known as


Which of the following statements about the electoral college is false

Magnifies mandates campaigns

each state has as many electors as Representatives

in most states there is a winner take all system

encourages two party system

b

Which of the following statements about the Electoral College is false?


Which of the following is not true of single issue groups

Promote collective goods campaigns

pursue narrow interests

dislike compromise

suffer from free-rider problems

a

Which of the following is not true of single issue groups?


A written argument submitted by an interest group to a court is

Writ of certiorari campaigns

Amicus curiae brief

Writ of appeal

Writ of habeas corpus

b

A written argument submitted by an interest group to a court is


Congressional trading of votes is known as

Pork barreling campaigns

Logrolling

Blackmail

Lobbying

b

Congressional trading of votes is known as


Which committee does not exist in the senate

Armed services campaigns

Rules and administration

Foreign relations

Ways and means

d

Which committee does not exist in the Senate?


Richard neustadt emphasized that presidential power is the power to

Command campaigns

lead

control

persuade

d

Richard Neustadt emphasized that presidential power is the power to


After the vice president the next person in order of succession is

Speaker of the House campaigns

President pro tempore of the Senate

Secretary of State

Senate majority leader

a

After the vice president, the next person in order of succession is


If a bill sits on the president s desk for 10 days it then

Is vetoed campaigns

becomes a pocket veto

becomes law

goes back to Congress

c

If a bill sits on the president’s desk for 10 days it then


The idea of capture refers to

Regulatory reforms pushed by groups campaigns

regulation of economic monopolies

control of regulators by regulatees

Congressional influence through budget

c

The idea of ‘capture’ refers to


In the garbage can model of bureaucracy

Organizations are governed by standard operating procedures campaigns

organizations are shaped by role socialization

outcomes are a result of bargaining

outcomes are a result of trial and error

d

In the ‘garbage can’ model of bureaucracy


Supreme court decision making based upon the wording of the constitution is known as

Original intent campaigns

Literalism

Loose construction

Stare decisis

b

Supreme Court decision making based upon the wording of the Constitution is known as


Opinions written to support a majority decision and stress a different constitutional basis are

Majority opinions campaigns

dissenting opinions

concurring opinions

opposing opinions

c

Opinions written to support a majority decision and stress a different constitutional basis are


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