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Program Overview. Livelihood Support to returnees and host community, South Sudan. Total Budget : 1,500,697 USD Location : Aweil West and Aweil North, Northern Bahr el Ghazel Sectors : 1. Economic Recovery and Market Support 2. Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

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program overview

Program Overview

Livelihood Support to returnees and host community, South Sudan

executive summary phase i objective
Total Budget: 1,500,697 USD

Location : Aweil West and Aweil North, Northern Bahr el Ghazel

Sectors :

1. Economic Recovery and Market Support

2. Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

Number of beneficiaries : 1,500 HHs

Executive Summary: Phase IObjective:
sector 1 economic recovery and market support
Sector 1: Economic Recovery and Market Support

Objective: To generate work opportunities for returnee and resident households in order to provide them with a temporary income source and assist them to meet their basic needs.

Total funds: Usd 1,231,665

subsector 1 temporary employment
Subsector 1: Temporary Employment
  • Main Activity: 3 ½ months of Cash for Work
    • 1350 HHs from 8 communities participated in the Cash for Work program
    • Beneficiaries worked for 20 days/month for 3 months and were paid 9 SSP / day
    • In the 4th month they worked for only 10 days, at the same rate
    • Micro projects included:
      • Road clearing
      • Fencing of water points
      • School fencing
      • Bush clearing for farming
      • Land clearing for settlement
subsector 1 economic asset restoration
Subsector 1: Economic Asset Restoration
  • Cash Relief grants (equivalent to the Cash for Work grant size if the beneficiary worked the full 20 days) were paid to 150 labor poor households
  • Cash Relief beneficiaries were drawn from the same 8 communities as the Cash for Work

Cash Relief beneficiary Amir Dau Deng, preparing roofing materials for her home.

Gok Machar, Aweil North

beneficiary breakdown
Beneficiary Breakdown
  • Beneficiaries were spread between 8 settlements
  • 1,500 HHs registered (150 labor poor for Cash Relief, the rest were Cash-for-Work)
  • 61% of beneficiaries were returnees, 39% members of the host community
  • 69% were female
  • Selection criteria included
    • Time of arrival (for returnees)
    • # of people in the household
    • Household assets
    • Access to support from the Diaspora
    • Gender of household head
    • Presence of physically challenged dependents
    • Member of minority group
distribution method hawala
Distribution Method - Hawala
  • The cash was distributed to all beneficiaries through the Hawala, Amal
    • The agency was paid X commission to pay the funds
    • Amal came to each of the 8 communities and made the payments in the presence of program staff and members of the Village Relief Committees
  • The Amal agent in Aweil was pretty weak and would have benefited from more capacity building work on cash transfer programs at the beginning of the program
  • As a result, we are looking at alternative distribution methods for Phase II

To address concerns around security and transparency, Adeso has a policy of always distributing cash through an agent of some kind.

post distribution monitoring
Post Distribution Monitoring

Expenditure Host Communities

Expenditure Returnees

This data collected following the 3rd cash distribution – April, 2012

subsector 3 livelihood support grants
Subsector 3: Livelihood Support Grants
  • LSGs and business training were provided to 278 HHs (68 HC, and 210 returnees)
    • 71% were women
    • 77% had a specific skill
  • Grant recipients were selected from the CFW and CR beneficiaries through a series of questionnaires covering skills, specific income generation plans, and status of current businesses
  • The grants ranged from 200 – 500 USD depending on business plans provided
livelihood support grants cont d
Livelihood Support Grants (Cont’d)
  • Business start-up and management training covered:
    • Definition of business
    • Introduction to business start-up
    • Factors considered in business start-up/growth
    • Business risk taking (Starting small Vs starting big)
    • Business idea and income generation
    • Business start-up/growth tips (Starting small/turnover/)
    • Qualities of a good business person
    • Market survey, linkages and associations
    • Customer care
    • Money management (prizing/costing/profits/records keeping/saving etc)
    • Business planning
sampling of beneficiaries at work
Sampling of Beneficiaries at work

XXXXXXX, Gok Machar


Business: Small cosmetics shop

Merry Abuk, Nyamlel

Grant :1,080 SSP

Business: Sale of local perfumes and small shop

Nyalong Deng, Gok Machar


Business: Restaurant and tea shop in partnership with another beneficiary

post distribution data cont d
Post Distribution Data (cont’d)
  • 99 % of recipients reported that the business trainings provided were helpful
  • 33% of beneficiaries reported that they would have preferred in kind business supplies to the cash provided
    • Explanations for this preference included difficulties with the cost of inflation, that it was easier to be given goods than to look for them themselves, and that transportation costs were an impediment to starting the business
    • Responses in favor of the cash included preference to select their own goods and the ability to purchase locally
  • 74% of respondents indicated they kept their savings in a shop, while 26% said they were kept at home.
    • No respondents kept their savings in either a sanduk or bank