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Processing Lines. CZECH TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY. Production of Yoghurt. By Eray Göksu. TOC. History Some Facts about Yoghurt Common Producers in Turkey Types of Yoghurt Stages and Processing Line Some pictures & a short Movie. History. Nobody knows when yoghurt was discovered

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czech technical university
Processing Lines

CZECH TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

Production of Yoghurt

By Eray Göksu

slide2
TOC
  • History
  • Some Facts about Yoghurt
  • Common Producers in Turkey
  • Types of Yoghurt
  • Stages and Processing Line
  • Some pictures & a short Movie

PL: Production of Yoghurt

history
History
  • Nobody knows when yoghurt was discovered
  • Legend says the inventor was a shepherd
  • Yoghurt itself may be the inventor
  • The first appear in Europe: French King Francis the 1st was treated by an Ottoman Doctor

PL: Production of Yoghurt

some facts about yoghurt 1 2
Some Facts about Yoghurt (1/2)
  • Yoghurt is obtained by the fermantation of milk
  • Fermentation is triggered by Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus Thermophilus
  • Lactose (milk sugar) is separated into glucose, galactose and lactic acid

PL: Production of Yoghurt

some facts about yoghurt 2 2
Some Facts about Yoghurt (2/2)

Turkey has the highest yoghurt consumption of the world with 24kg/person a year. (2nd highest Holland with 15 kg/person)

PL: Production of Yoghurt

common producers in turkey
Common Producers in Turkey

Establisment: 1975 / İzmir

Capacity: 1200 tons of milk/day

Establisment: 1964 / Balıkesir

Capacity: 1500 tons of milk/day

Establisment: 1974 / Bursa

Capacity: 1200 tons of milk/day

Establisment: 1963 / Bursa

Capacity: 1000 tons of milk/day

PL: Production of Yoghurt

types of yoghurt 1 2
Types of Yoghurt (1/2)
  • Set Yoghurt:
    • Incubated and cooled in the final package
    • Has a firm jelly-like structure
  • Stirred Yoghurt:
    • Incubated in a tank
    • Coagulum broken by stirring prior to cooling and packing
  • Drinking Yoghurt:
    • Similar to stirred yoghurt
    • Diluted and mixed with juices

PL: Production of Yoghurt

types of yoghurt 2 2
Types of Yoghurt (2/2)
  • Frozen Yoghurt:
    • Requires a different recipe than set yoghurt
    • Freezing achieved by pumping through a freezer like in ice cream
  • Concentrated Yoghurt:
    • Similar preparation to stirred yoghurt
    • Concentrated by boiling off some of the water under vacuum to reduce temperature needed
  • Flavoured Yoghurt:
    • Flavours usually added at or prior to filling into pots
    • Fruit or berries added as a puree or as whole fruit in a syrup

PL: Production of Yoghurt

stages of set stirred yoghurt
Stages of Set & Stirred Yoghurt

PL: Production of Yoghurt

general treatment
General Treatment

PL: Production of Yoghurt

processing line for set yoghurt
Processing Line for Set Yoghurt

PL: Production of Yoghurt

some pictures from s ta
Some Pictures from Sütaş

PL: Production of Yoghurt

movie
Movie

PL: Production of Yoghurt

slide14
Thank you for your patience…

PL: Production of Yoghurt

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