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CorPlan : A Community Oriented Planning Tool for the Eastern Planning Initiative

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CorPlan : A Community Oriented Planning Tool for the Eastern Planning Initiative. Presented to The AMPO Travel Model Subcommittee. September 29 th , 2003. Renaissance Planning Group. Background. Long Range Transportation Plan for the Gainesville Urbanized Area Urban form scenarios

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slide1
CorPlan:A Community Oriented Planning Toolfor the Eastern Planning Initiative

Presented to

The AMPO Travel Model Subcommittee

September 29th, 2003

Renaissance Planning Group

background
Background
  • Long Range Transportation Plan for the Gainesville Urbanized Area
  • Urban form scenarios
  • First of its kind in Florida
the process
The Process
  • Community visioning
  • Translate visions into population and employment allocations – ZDATA
  • Evaluate using travel demand model
population allocation
Westward Growth

Compact Area Concept

Town/Village Center Concept

Radial Development Concept

Population Allocation
employment allocation
Westward Growth

Compact Area Concept

Town/Village Center Concept

Radial Development Concept

Employment Allocation
lessons learned
Lessons Learned
  • Manual allocation is tedious and time consuming
  • Model was not sensitive
  • Are we really capturing the vision?
  • Urban form is more than population and employment
eastern planning initiative
Eastern Planning Initiative
  • Thomas-Jefferson Planning District Commission
  • Charlottesville-Albemarle (Va.) MPO
  • 50 year vision for transportation and land use
  • Sustainability accords
  • Alternative futures
epi planning steps
EPI Planning Steps…

“Community Elements”

Land Use / Transportation Scenarios

Alternative Futures

Quality of Life Goals

50 Year Vision

Implementation Strategies

slide11
The 50-Year Vision…

Community Plans

(How will we live?)

Regional Plan

(Where will we live?)

Implementation Strategy

(How do we get there?)

slide12
How will we live?

TJPDC Sustainability Accords

what makes a place a place
What makes a place a place?
  • Open space
  • Types and proximity of activities
  • Size and character of buildings
  • Size and character of streets
  • Internal and external connections
  • Location of parking
slide15
Urban Mixed-use

East Market Street, Charlottesville

Circle reflects five minute walk

slide16
Suburban Mixed-use

PUD Development US 29 North

Circle reflects five minute walk

slide17
Small Town

Palmyra, Fluvanna County Courthouse

Circle reflects five minute walk

slide18
Focal point
  • Greater mix of uses
  • Human scale
  • Transportation options
  • Better use of open space

Enhanced Community Elements

slide20
The 50-Year Vision…

Regional Plan

(Where will we live?)

Community Plans

(How will we live?)

Implementation Strategy

(How do we get there?)

modeling steps
GIS

Inventory

land use, transportation, environmental features

GIS

Locate communities

CorPlan

Estimate land use and transportation demand

CorPlan

Evaluate alternatives

GIS

Assign trips to transit and road networks

MinUTP

Modeling Steps

Eastern Area Plan

where we can t live
Where we can’t live

Slopes over 15 percent

Flood plains

Wetlands

Green Springs and SW Mountain Historic District

slide27
Summary of selected subareas (population potential = 8,085)

Selected subareas in yellow

Summary tool

Selection tool

slide28
Select urban mixed use from community element list

Select North Fork subarea for urban mixed use

Use CE_assign button

slide30
Select urban residential from community element list

Select areas around North Fork subarea for urban residential

Use CE_assign button

slide32
Summary of selected subareas (population potential = 30,724)

Selected subareas in yellow

Summary tool

Selection tool

slide34
Existing Development

790,000 total acres,

160,000 developed

slide35
Local Comprehensive Plans

Assume 2020 Horizon

Most new development in Louisa, Fluvanna, Greene Plans

Over allocation of commercial and industrial land

slide36
Dispersed Scenario

“Business as Usual”

2050 Horizon

All new development is suburban development

160,000 existing, 120,000 new, 280,000 total acres developed

15% of farms and forests lost

slide37
Nodal Scenario

From Workshop

All new development is urban / enhanced suburban

160,000 existing, 60,000 new, 220,000 total acres developed

5% of farms and forests lost

slide38
CoreL Scenario

From Workshop

Most new development is urban

5% of farms and forests lost

slide39
CoreM Scenario

From Workshop

Variation of CoreL

5% of farms and forests lost

slide40
Dispersed Scenario

Transportation Improvements

Extend US 29 Bypass

Widen existing roads

slide41
Dispersed Scenario

Transportation Results

$1billion invested in by-passes and wider roads, not transit

16 million miles driven daily

44% of miles driven is congested

slide42
Nodal Scenarios

Transportation Improvements

Urban Transportation Network

Priority Transit

Boulevards

Bus Rapid Transit

Light Rail Transit

slide43
Urban Transportation Network

Mile Grid of Boulevards

Community elements are combined to build approximately square mile communities

High frequency bus routes along all boulevards and most avenues

B

A

C

Avenues are major streets within communities and connect with boulevards

  • Boulevards are spaced mile apart to:
  • Connect communities
  • Define community boundaries
  • Distribute traffic, keeping volumes low on each
  • Provide convenient transit access

Neighborhood streets are minor community streets and connect with avenues

slide44
Boulevard Design Characteristics

“People Friendly Streets”

Buildings brought to street for enclosure / interest

Landscaped medians provide crossing refuge

Streetscape

On-street parking protects pedestrians

Bus amenities include shelters and by-pass lanes

slide45
Boulevard Functions

“Multimodal Orientation”

Max speed – 35 mph

Max daily volume – 30,000

Max distance to transit – half mile

Transit

High frequency bus transit service is provided on each street. Bus amenities, such as pull-outs and shelters are provided. Bus priorities, such as by-pass lanes and traffic signal preemption are also provided.

Walking and Biking

Sidewalks and bike lanes are incorporated. Landscaped medians are provided and bulb-outs are build at each intersection and most mid-block sections. Buildings are brought to the street. Travel speeds for cars are 35 mph or less.

slide46
Urban Transportation Network

Reduces Auto Travel and Congestion

The proximity of activities within communities promotes walking and transit

B

A

C

The proximity of communities to each other makes auto trips shorter

The roadway grid makes travel more efficient by providing more travel paths between communities

slide47
Nodal Scenario

Before Priority Transit

Half billion $ invested in roads, local transit

12 (vs.16) million miles driven daily

29% (vs. 44%) of travel is congested

slide48
Nodal Scenario

With Priority Transit

Half billion $ invested in roads, local transit, half billion $ in priority transit

11 (vs.16) million miles driven daily

25% (vs. 29%) of travel is congested

Priority transit not a short term need

slide51
In Sum: How the Scenarios Compare

All scenarios assume @ 330,000 population and 220,000 employment

Red/italics– Comparatively lowest

slide52
The 50-Year Vision…

Community Plans

(How will we live?)

Regional Plan

(Where will we live?)

Implementation Strategy

(How do we get there?)

success factors
Success Factors
  • Build in Designated Development Areas
  • Maintain Viability of Small Towns
  • Maintain Hard Edges
  • Build Quality Communities
  • Preserve Rural Areas
  • Coordinate Investments
  • Ensure Regional Equity
  • Ensure Affordability
slide54
Designated Development Areas
  • Small Towns
  • Hard Edges
slide55
Community elements combine into square mile communities

4. Quality Communities

5. Preserve Rural Areas

Rural conservation plan needed to address specific issues in rural areas

slide56
6. Coordinate Investments

Appropriate infrastructure only in designated areas and small towns

Urban Transportation Network

Priority Transit

slide57
7. Regional Equity

8. Affordability

Regional development allocation agreement, based on 20 year population forecast and urban / enhanced suburban element densities

Allocations define urban boundaries (hard edges)

Boundaries incorporated into plans and zoning

slide58
For more information contact:Kevin Tilbury, AICPorChris Sinclair, AICPRenaissance Planning Group100 East Pine StreetSuite 401Orlando, Florida 32801(407) [email protected]
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