nosocomial antibiotic resistant organisms
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NOSOCOMIAL ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANT ORGANISMS. MRSA : Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus VRE : Vancomycin-resistant enterococcus. MRSA. Resistant to most antibiotics Found in health care facilities hospitals long term care facilities other care facilities

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nosocomial antibiotic resistant organisms

NOSOCOMIAL ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANT ORGANISMS

MRSA: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

VRE: Vancomycin-resistant enterococcus

slide2
MRSA
  • Resistant to most antibiotics
  • Found in health care facilities
    • hospitals
    • long term care facilities

other care facilities

  • Not a threat to healthy people
why should you be concerned about mrsa
Why should YOU be concerned about MRSA?
  • Difficult to contain
  • Easily spread
  • Hard to treat
risk factors for mrsa infection
Risk factors for MRSA infection
  • Surgery
  • Devices used in invasive procedures
  • ICU or burn ward
  • Age
  • Treatment with multiple antibiotics
  • Severe illness or disability
  • Prolonged or repeated hospital stays
  • Compromised immune system
how is mrsa spread
How is MRSA spread?
  • Direct contact between health-care workers and clients.
    • Colonized vs. infected persons
  • Health-care workers are the MAIN carriers.
  • NOT usually spread through the air
how do i detect an infection of mrsa
How do I detect an infection of MRSA?
  • Symptoms:
    • drainage from a wound
    • Fever and chills
    • increased White Blood Count
common sites of infection
Common sites of infection
  • Respiratory tract
  • Surgical wounds
  • Perineum or rectum
  • Skin
how to stop the spread of mrsa
How to stop the spread of MRSA
  • Proper hand-washing:
    • Before caring for each client
    • After removing gloves
    • Before leaving the client’s room
slide9
VRE
  • Hard to treat
  • Some forms of VRE pass on their drug-resistant genes!
risk factors for vre infection
Risk factors for VRE infection
  • Severe illness
  • Treatment with multiple antibiotics
  • Abdominal or cardiac surgery
  • Devices used in invasive procedures
  • Age
  • ICU
  • Prolonged or repeated hospital stays
how does a vre infection develop
How does a VRE infection develop?
  • Opportunistic
  • Bacteria transmitted between clients and health care workers
    • colonized vs. infected persons
signs of vre infection
Signs of VRE infection
  • Drainage from a wound
  • Fever and chills
  • Increased White Blood Count
hand washing prevents spread of vre
Hand-washing prevents spread of VRE
  • Wash hands before patient care
  • Wash hands after removing gloves
  • Wash hands BEFORE leaving the patient’s room.
mrsa and vre
MRSA AND VRE
  • All health-care workers play a role in preventing the spread of these nosocomial infections.
  • REMEMBER-WASH YOUR HANDS
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