UCR Staff Theresa Page Manager 517-322-1424 Bernadette Scarborough Specialist Wendy Easterbrook Monica Jenkins Karlene Ohler Analyst Analyst Analyst 517-322-5520 517-322-1243 517-322-5544 Nicole Marsh Rosemary Muckenthaler Dept Technician Dept Technician 517-322-1933 517-322-5543 Jamie Mathews Secretary 517-322-1150
UCR - Program History What is “Uniform Crime Reporting” • Michigan started the Incident Based Reporting System (IBRS) conversion in 1994 and was one of the first states to become a NIBRS certified state.
MICR CRIME OFFENSES There are 96 specific crime offenses within MICR Reporting.
Benefits to reporting crime data • Furnishes information on major crime issues: • violent crime • domestic violence • hate crime • child abuse • gang related crime • juvenile crime • computer crime • drug/alcohol usage • type criminal activity • usage of weapons during commission of crime
Benefits to reporting crime data • Increases efficiency of collecting & reporting crime data • Identifies: • common crime problems and/or trends • characteristics of victims & perpetrators • when/where crime takes place • Statistics are used to obtain state & federal grants • Increases public awareness of specific crime activities facing law enforcement and communities in general • Law enforcement can utilize data to acquire the resources it needs to fight crime • Data available from all levels of law enforcement, allowing a common denominator among agencies
MICR - Incident Report Initial Reporting • Classify and report offenses after preliminary confirmation of a call for service or a complaint establishes that a CRIME WAS, IN FACT, COMMITTED. • The findings of the court, coroner, jury, etc. have no bearing on whether to report the incident or not.
MICR – Crime Classifications Offenses are defined to provide a “common denominator” utilized by the reporting states to maintain uniformity for statewide and national crime reporting. These are LAW ENFORCEMENT statistics – the purpose is to identify “law enforcement” problems. State statutes must fit into the following offense classifications. Remember to classify the crime offenses as close to the UCR definition as possible. • Crime Offenses are separated by Categories • Crimes Against Persons • Crimes Against Property • Crimes Against Society
JURISDICTION • City law enforcement report offenses that occur within their city jurisdiction. • County law enforcement agencies report offenses which take place in the county outside the city’s jurisdiction, unless there is a contractual agreement with the city. • State police have jurisdiction within the entire state.
MICR - Jurisdiction Guidelines • “Assists to other agencies” can be reported; however, they are not forwarded to the FBI and are not included in any statistics. • If a reportable incident is referred to another agency, the agency accepting the referral is to report the incident. Duplicate reporting would increase counts and not reflect the true crime counts.
MICR Levels 1. Administrative 2. Offense 3. Offender 4. Victim 5. Arrest 6. Property
MICR - Administrative Level • Action (A, D, I, M, O, R, W) • Original Year (cannot be future date) • County and City Township Codes • Incident Number • - must be unique • - 0 for non-criminal data • - up to 10 digits • - no spaces or blanks
MICR - Administrative Level • Incident date (Event or Date of Report) • Use Event for “incident date” whenever possible. • Use “R” for date report was taken. • Incident hour • Military 24-hour time (00 – 23) • Enter an approximate time
MICRHow to Clear An Offense • Make an arrest: One set of arrest data clears all offenses within an incident. • Exceptionally Clear an Incident with age, race and sex of at least one offender.
Exceptional Clearance • Conditions for Exceptional Clearance • In order to clear an offense by exceptional means, each of the following four conditions must be met: • - The investigation must have clearly and definitely established the identity of at least one offender. • Sufficient probable cause must have been developed to support the arrest, charging, and prosecution of the offender. • The exact location of the offender must be known so that an arrest could be made. • There must be a reason outside the control of law enforcement which prevents the arrest.
You can choose from one of these valid circumstances for an exception: • Death of the Offender • Prosecution Declined • Extradition Denied • Victim Refused to Cooperate • Juvenile/No Custody
MICR - Incident Report Supplemental Reporting • If the initial reporting has changed, then the report must be resubmitted to update the incident in MICR. • “Unfounded” status - contrary to initial report, agency determined that the crime, in fact, did not occur. (Reporting agency must delete incident from MICR.)
MICR OFFENSE LEVEL
By definition, an incident is one or more offenses committed by the same offender, or group of offenders acting in concert, at the same time and place.
Care must be taken to identify all such offenses involved in an incident. You must ensure that each offense is a separate, distinct crime, rather than just a part of another offense.
Location Site • One location per offense • Report the location that best describes the crime circumstance • Offense Codes • Record the most serious offenses (up to 4) • Record each code only once
Offender(s) Suspected of Using (as indicated by evidence at the scene, victims, witnesses and arrestee confession): • You can record up to 3 categories. • If the offender used Computer Equipment to perpetrate the crime.
Type of Weapon Murder Negligent Manslaughter Aggravated Assault Non-Aggravated Assault (Simple) Weapons Offense Robbery Sexual Penetration Penis/Vagina CSC 1st Kidnapping Sexual Penetration Penis/Vagina CSC 3rd Sexual Penetration w/Object CSC 1st/3rd Sexual Penetration Oral/Anal CSC 1st Extortion/Blackmail Sexual Penetration Oral/Anal CSC 3rd Justifiable Homicide
If a firearm was “automatic”, report this along with the firearm type. • Hands, fists or feet are considered “Personal Weapons”. • If more than one weapon was used, officer decides which one to code.
Two separate sets of groups: Criminal Activity Gang Criminal Activity Type of “Criminal Activity” Up to 3 types of activity codes per offense can be entered.
MICR - Offense Level “Criminal” Activity: Counterfeiting/Forging Stolen Property Offense Drug/Narcotic Violations Drug Equipment Violations Gambling Equipment Violations Motor Vehicle as Stolen property Obscenity/Obscene material Weapons Law Offenses
Murder/Negligent Homicide Negligent Homicide Manslaughter Aggravated/Felonious Assault Non-Aggravated Assault Sexual Penetration Penis/Vagina Intimidation/Stalking Sexual Penetration Oral/Anal Kidnapping Sexual Penetration Object Parental Kidnapping Sexual Conduct Forcible Robbery Type of Criminal “Gang”
NUMBER OF PREMISES ENTERED is mandatory when… • The offense is a Burglary AND • the locations is a hotel/motel or rental storage facility.
Hate Crime Reporting
REPORTING IS BASED ON THE OFFENDER’S BIAS AGAINST THE VICTIM -- A criminal offense committed against a person or property which is motivated, in whole or in part, by the offender’s bias against: • RACE • RELIGION • ETHNIC/NATIONAL ORIGIN • SEXUAL ORIENTATION • GENDER • DISABILITY
MICR - Hate Crime Two-Tier Decision 1st Level - Responding Officer (determine whether there was any indication of hate bias motivation against the victim) 2nd Level - Expert Officer/Detective (must carefully sift through all facts to determine whether the incident was, in fact, a hate crime) No Bias should be coded to “00”. Unknown Bias should be coded to “99”. Incidents involving “hate-crime victim retaliation” should not be classified as a “hate crime”.
Things to consider for detecting “hate crime” • Does the victim perceive the action of the offender to be hate motivated? • Could there be any other type of motivation for crime? (Childish prank-age of offender) • - Were any hate bias remarks made by offender or any offensive symbols, • words, or other evidence at the crime scene? • Significant holiday or date of victim or offender’s group? • - Victim and offender of different race, religion, ethnic origin, sexual- • orientation. • - Offender previously involved in hate crime or member of a hate group or • is the victim involved in activities of a specific group. • - Victim new to neighborhood.
MICR Offender Information
If known, the age, race, and sex of the offender(s) must be entered. • If nothing is known about the offender, submit Offender Number “00” or do not submit an offender record. • Offender Number cannot be duplicated if there is more than one offender.
Victim #: • At least one victim must be reported for each victim offense, such as homicide, rape or assault. • Victim Number cannot be duplicated. • Type of Victim • Government victim includes “schools”. • If you have any victim type other than “Individual” or “Police Officer”, no other victim data elements are reported (age, race, etc.)
Victim Injury • If multiple injuries, determine the best code to describe the most serious injury. • Code “U” - Unconscious must be the direct result of force inflicted by the offender. • If offense is a homicide, victim’s injury must be “F” for fatal.
Victim Circumstance • Only used for Homicide Offenses or an Aggravated Assault. • If “other felony involved”, make sure additional Group A offense is listed within report.
Victim Injury If the Offense Code is 13001 (Non-Aggravated/Simple Assault), Injury code must be N=None or M=Apparent Minor Injury
Justifiable Homicide Circumstances If a victim died during the incident and he/she is indicated as the criminal of the incident, indicate the circumstances for the justifiable homicide. It becomes two incidents, the first being with the original victim and the second being the offender as the victim.
Offender-Related Number • All offenders listed must be linked to a victim. • MICR can only accept five offenders, enter the five “closest in relationship” to the victim. Only two must be entered. • The Victim to Offender Relationship identifies domestic violence, child abuse, elderly abuse, etc.
UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING INFORMATIONAL BULLETIN #2 Victim/Offender Relationship UCR • If there is more than one offender, all offenders, up to five, must be entered in the VOR. • The two-digit code that describes the relationship of the Victim to the Offender is entered. • Example (Parent/Child Relationship): • If the parent is Offender 01, and a child is the victim, the VOR would be 01/05 (the victim is the child of the offender). • If the child is Offender 01 and the parent is the victim, the VOR would be 01/03 (the victim is the parent of the offender). • If both parents are listed as Offenders and the child is the Victim, the first Offender would be 01 with a VOR of 01/05; the second Offender would be 02 with a VOR of 02/05. • If the Victim is unknown to the Offender, the VOR would be coded 01/98 (stranger) or 01/99 (unknown).
Relationship of Victim to Offender Victim was offender: Cases where all the participants were victims and offenders in the same offense. Key to entry - Identify Victim #1 as Offender #1, Victim #2 as Offender #2…so on. Case #1: Husband vs Wife
MICR - Victim Level Victim #1 = Husband Offender #1 = Husband Victim #2 = Wife Offender #2 = Wife Victim #1 to Offender #1 (self) Code VOR to: 01 / 31 (Offender) Victim #2 to Offender #2 (Wife) Code VOR to: 02 / 31 (Self) Victim #1 to Offender #2 (Wife) Code VOR to: 01 /01 (Spouse) Victim #2 to Offender #1 (Husband) Code VOR to: 02 / 01 (Spouse) Victim #2 to Offender #2 (Self) Code VOR to: 02 / 31 ( Offender)
MICR Arrest Information
Record arrest data on all persons processed by ARREST, CITATION OR SERVED SUMMONS. ONLY SUBMIT “ONE” SET OF ARREST DATA PER ARRESTED SUBJECT.
You must have age, race and sex for arrest record. It should be very rare that you do not know these values. • Use approximate age if unknown (Valid ages 07-98 and 99>). • “Unknown” cannot be reported for SEX of the arrestee.
Mandatory for all Arrest submissions Arrest Charge • Cannot enter a Group A arrest code, like robbery, for a Group B incident, like Miscellaneous Criminal Offense. • If arrestee was apprehended for more than one offense, reporting agency is to determine which was the most serious offense. • Arrestee armed • Up to 2 weapon types can be recorded. • If weapon was “automatic”, report this along with the weapon type. • If the offender did not have a weapon in his possession during the commission of the crime, use 01 for UNARMED.