Internal Seminar Liege November 2010 Interactive Workshop: EDORA (European Development Opportunities in Rural Areas)
The EDORA Project Objectives(According to the Specification) …to describe the main processes of change which are resulting in the increasing differentiation of rural areas. …to identify development opportunities and constraints for different kinds of rural areas… …to consider how such knowledge can be translated into guiding principles to support the development of appropriate cohesion policy.
Policy Answers Derive from Research Findings • …Not from “stylised fallacies” (inaccurate stereotypes)… • …But rather from valid generalisations at an appropriate scale… EDORA Meta-Narratives of change, and Typologies of regions, but also, taking account of the full range of local (tangible and intangible) assets.
Basic Rural Cohesion Policy Antecedents…(…derived from the Conceptual and Empirical Phases of EDORA) Space and Geography • Connexity Rural-Global links are of increasing importance. • Relational/Organisational Space are increasingly important concepts. • But remoteness/peripherality and Euclidean space is still influential. Scope of Rural Cohesion Policy Need to: • Recognise how far economic restructuring has progressed… • Adapt to big differences between different parts of Europe – macro scale patterns (Structural typology). Agrarian E and S, Consumption Countryside in N and W, NRE in W Cent., Manufacturing in E Cent. • Consider local development contexts/environments (hard and soft aspects).
Macro Level + = Macro-level Policy Design and Targeting Micro Level Micro-level endogenous place-based approaches. Local/regional auditing of Intangible Assets + = Two levels in Policy Design and Targeting…
Three Key Considerations: Rural policy to support Territorial Cohesion needs to: Respond to change and needs at different scales – macro-level to micro (local). Be coherent with existing sectoral and regional policy structures (both EU and National). Be rigorous in applying a territorial approach. NB We recognise the validity of both territorial and land use (sectoral) approaches to rural development. They address different issues. However the capacity of sectoral approach to deliver territorial cohesion benefits varies considerably in accordance with the relative importance of agriculture in the rural/regional economy. Structural Rural Policy to support Territorial Cohesion
“Development Opportunities”…(… in the sense of activities which have growth potential…) …In different kinds of rural area… • Agrarian – Para- or Peri-Productivism, diversification…. • Consumption Countryside – economic activity based upon environmental public goods (amenities) tourism, recreation… • Diversified (Strong Secondary) – structural shift towards higher value, information based activities, and market services… • Diversified (Strong Market Services) – “New Rural Economy” – similar opportunity set to that of urban and peri-urban economies. Attractive for residential development –QoL…. • All of these opportunities have different characteristics, in terms of labour market impacts, future prospects etc. • Analysis of specific opportunities will inevitably be partial and ephemeral. • Each region has a unique combination of resources and opportunities… • Globalisation and “Connexity” means that increasingly the opportunities are ubiquitous, and development is determined by “the supply side”; i.e. regional resources, assets or “territorial capital”.
Opportunities, Challenges and Policy Domains linked to the Meta-Narratives of Rural Change
At the local level the key to a positive response to global forces for change lies in a range of assets…. Source: Based upon Braithwaite 2009
Balanced Development based on Territorial Capital Camagni Territorial Capital
BalancedRuralDevelopment based on Territorial Capital Rural cohesion policy should aim to support the exploitation of the full range of regional assets (forms of capital) not just the “traditional” ones.
To be successful… Pay special attention to coherence with other policy…(esp. CAP Pillar 2). Local auditing should also support policy monitoring and evaluation. Top-down guidance needs to balance clarity and specificity with flexibility. Needs to be facilitated by multi-level governance capacity – this may be a valid object for support in some contexts. To sum up; the evidence points towards neo-endogenous, “place-based” policy approaches….
…Thank you for your attention… Final Seminar Rural Policy for the Globalised Post-Recession European Countryside 3rd December 2010 0930-1300 Norway House, Rue Archimède 17, Brussels Further Information: www.nordregio.se/edora