MODULE 1. Introduction to OSHA and DOT Training. Module 1 – Introduction to OSHA and DOT Training. WELCOME TO INITIAL OSHA AND DOT TRAINING
Introduction to OSHA and DOT Training
WELCOME TO INITIAL OSHA AND DOT TRAINING
We’re PERC— the Propane Education & ResearchCouncil. We developed this course in partnership withthe Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), and others as part of the industry’s commitment to promote the safe and efficient use of propane gas as a preferred energy resource.
The propane industry is committed to providing the highest level of service and care to its customers, employees, and the entire propane community—including you.
Safety is at the heart of our commitment, and high-quality training is an essential tool for ensuring your safety and continuing success.
Enjoy the course!
OSHA & DOT Training
Propane is a trusted and reliable energy source usedby millions of Americans every day. This natural, cleanburning gas is widely used in homes, on farms and in commercial and industrial settings.
However, because of its chemical nature and flammability as a gas, it can under certain circumstances pose a safety risk. This course is designed to help you learn how to safely handle and transport propane, as well as other materials you may work with.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) andU.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) have developed regulations and requirements for the safe use of propane. This training is designed to instruct you on those OSHA and DOT regulations and requirements. There may be additional state and municipal regulations and requirements you must follow. Your company is responsible for providing you with training for these in addition to specific safety practices related to your job.
After completing this module, you will be able to:
OSHA is an agency within the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) and is responsible for setting standards to promote and enforce employee safety in the workplace.
OSHA communicates safe work practices for handling hazardous chemicals in the propane industry through the Hazard Communication Standard (HCS), found in Title 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) §1910. This standard requires employers to provide information and training on hazards one may be exposed to while on the job.
Your responsibility as an employee is to complete this trainingand follow these instructions as well as your company’s policies and procedures at all times.
OSHA's HCS addresses five key areas:
OSHA has revised the HCS to align it with the United Nations' Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS). Two significant changes contained in the revised standard require the use of new labeling elements and a standardized format for Safety Data Sheets (SDS), formally known as Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS). The new labeling elements and SDS requirements will improve worker understanding of the hazards associated with the chemicals in their workplace. To help companies comply with the revised standard, OSHA is phasing in the specific requirements over several years (December 1, 2013 to June 1, 2016).
The first compliance date of the revised HCS is December 1, 2013. By this date employers must have trained their workers on the new label elements and the SDS format. This training is required to make sure employees understand the new labeling requirement as well as the new SDS format as these new formats are already being applied to chemicals that employees may see in the workplace.
All hazardous chemicals shipped after June 1, 2015, must be labeled with specified elements including pictograms, signal words and hazard and precautionary statements. However, companies may start using the new labels and SDS required by the HSC before the June1, 2015 effective date if they so choose as long as the current HCS requirements are met.
Additional information on the new HCS is located in the resources section of this training program.
OSHA requires you to be trained on how to work with hazardous chemicals before actually working with them. Your company has developed a training program identifying the specific training each employee will receive.
At a minimum, this training must include:
Your employer must also provide you with:
You will be trained when you are first hired and again when a new hazard is introduced into your work environment.
Periodically, your company will evaluate its training program to make sure it is both current and still applicable. After this evaluation, the training program may be revised and refresher training given when necessary. Your company will also provide you with emergency training based on OSHA’s Emergency Action Plan requirements.
The DOT created the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) to govern transportation of hazardous materials and pipeline shipments. These regulations are called the Hazardous Materials Regulations and are located in Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
The Hazardous Materials Regulations are designed to improve the safety of hazardous materials in transport by providing requirements all companies must follow.
The HMR addresses the following:
DOT requires training to ensure employees can safely load, unload, handle, store, and transport hazardous materials. This will include training in the following areas:
General Awareness/Familiarization Training: Lists the HMR requirements and enables you to recognize and identify hazardous materials.
Function-Specific Training: Focuses on regulations that apply specifically to your job, including tasks performed under exemptions or special permits.
Safety Training: Provides emergency response information and measures to protect you from hazards in the workplace, as well as procedures to help avoid accidents and incidents.
Security Awareness Training: Discusses security risks associated with transporting hazardous materials and methods for identifying and reporting potential threats.
In-Depth Security Training: Addresses your company’s security objectives and procedures, as well as respective roles within the company to comply with federal requirements.
In addition to regulatory and industry-related training, you must know and follow your company’s specific policies and procedures.
Before performing tasks regulated by the HMR, you must be fully trained on your specific job tasks. You have 90 days to complete this training. Your employer is responsible for certifying this training has taken place and keeping a record of that training on file. During this time, you may not perform any safety-sensitive function without the direct supervision of a qualified employee.
If you received training from a previous employer and have the proper documentation to support this, you may have already satisfied at least some of your training requirements. Your current employer will make this determination.
Federal law requires you to repeat hazardous materials training at least once every three years, or sooner under circumstances that are specified by the HMR.
Never attempt to perform a work operation until you have been provided with proper training, resources, and equipment to do so.
At the end of each module in this course, you will be quizzed on what you have learned. If you successfully pass the quiz, your supervisor or instructor will sign the certificate and keep it on file as proof of your training.
In addition to OSHA and DOT hazardous materials safety training, you may receive hands-on training by your employer consistent with your company’s policies and procedures. Your company is required to keep records of all training you successfully complete.
Ultimately, it is everyone’s responsibility to maintain a safe workplace. By understanding and following all the safety requirements and procedures specific to your job, you will be doing your part to protect not only yourself, but those you work with and the customers you serve.
Review OSHA and DOT’s role in creating safety regulations and requirements, as well as the responsibility that belongs to all employees in the propane industry to see that they are followed.
The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT)
Establishes and enforces regulations based on the safe transportation of both hazardous and nonhazardous materials, which can be found in Title 49 CFR.
Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA)Regulates and enforces the distribution of hazardous materials delivered via piping systems. Example: Jurisdictional Systems
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) Regulates and enforces the regulatory requirements which apply to over-the- road transportation of goods, including hazardous materials. Examples: Hours-of-Service and Commercial Driver License (CDL) requirements.
The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Establishes and enforces regulations aimed at safetyand health in the workplace. These regulations can befound in Title 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).
Examples: Hazard communication and PPE regulations.
The Propane Industry
The Propane industry is required to follow DOT and OSHA federal regulations, where applicable. Understanding and complying with the requirements of 49 CFR and 29 CFR help protect you, your co-workers, your customers, and the general public from potential hazards.