Understanding Verb Tense. What are the verb tenses? Present and present perfect Past and past perfect Future and future perfect Consistency of tense Modals Review A Review B. What are the verb tenses?.
What are the verb tenses?
Present and present perfect
Past and past perfect
Future and future perfect
Consistency of tense
Verbs do a lot of work in sentences. They show actions and states of being. They even take different forms to show time.
The tense of a verb indicates the time of the action or state of being expressed by the verb.
Perfect tenses indicate that something happened or existed before a specific point in time.
She will have played inten concerts by April.
She has played in the band for three years.
Gwen will play in a concert tomorrow.
She had played violin before then.
Gwen plays guitar in a jazz band.
Gwen played last year as well.
The tenses of verbs are formed from the four principal parts of verbs.
Each tense has a progressive form, which is used to express continuing action or state of being.
am, are, is talking
was, were talking
will (shall) be talking
has, have been talking
Present perfect progressive
had been talking
Past perfect progressive
Future perfect progressive
will (shall) have been talking
The present tense expresses an action or a state of being that is occurring now, at the present time.
Today we honorour veterans.
Polly is marching in the parade.
We recycle our aluminum cans.
to express a general truth
The sun rises in the east.
to make historical events seem current (historical present)
In 1927, Charles Lindbergh flies nonstop across the Atlantic.
to discuss a literary work (literary present)
In Grapes of Wrath, Steinbeck shows us the extremes of life during the depression.
to express future time
We travel to Utah next month.What are the verb tenses?Present and present perfect
The present tense is also used in these ways:
The present perfect tense
Mike has beenin several parades.
He has playedthe drum in all of them.
The present perfect tense is also used to express an action or state of being that began in the past and continues into the present. In this case, perfect means complete.
Mr. Lee has taught music at our school since 2004.
Yoko has been takingflute lessons for six years.
The past tense expresses an action or a state of being that occurred in the past but did not continue into the present.
The two friends shared the large swing.
They were swingingfor a long time.
The past perfect tense
After Maria had gone home, Kim was bored.
She asked her dad about the time that he had beena lifeguard at the beach.
The future tense
My family will ride the train to Chicago.
We will bearrivingat five o’clock.
On Your Own
Change the tense of the verb in each sentence, as indicated in parentheses.
1. I do not miss the bus. (Change to future.)
2. Were they at the party? (Change to past perfect.)
3. By then, Keith had returned. (Change to future perfect.)
4. The team will practice for an hour with no break. (Change to future perfect progressive.)
5. My sister dances well. (Change to past.)
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