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Verb Tense. Tense denotes the time of the action indicated by a verb. The time is not always the same as that indicated by the name of the tense. 6 Types. Present Tense. Present tense may express action which is going on at the present time or which occurs always, repeatedly, or habitually.

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Verb Tense


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verb tense

Verb Tense

Tense denotes the time of the action indicated by a verb. The time is not always the same as that indicated by the name of the tense.

present tense
Present Tense
  • Present tense may express action which is going on at the present time or which occurs always, repeatedly, or habitually.
  • Examples: He sees the train. He eats cereal for breakfast every day.
past tense
Past Tense
  • Past tense expresses action completed at a definite time in the past.
  • Examples: He wrote the letter yesterday. She lived to be 90 years old.
future tense
Future Tense
  • Future tense expresses action which will take place in the future.
  • It uses the helping verbs will or shall* and the present tense form of the verb).
  • Examples: He will send the letter tomorrow. I shall wait here until you return.
  • * Traditionally, shall is used for 1st person and will for 2nd and 3rd persons.
present perfect tense
Present Perfect Tense
  • Present perfect tense expresses action completed at the present time (perfect means complete) or begun in the past and continuing into the present.
  • This tense uses the helping verbs has and have and the past participle of the verb.
  • Examples:
    • He has written a letter to his uncle. (completed action)
    • The Waltons have lived here for seven years. (continuing)
past perfect tense
Past Perfect Tense
  • Past perfect tense expresses action completed before certain time in the past. (This is the before-past tense.)
  • It uses the helping verb had and the past participle of the verb.
  • Example: She had written the letter before I saw her.
future perfect tense
Future Perfect Tense
  • Future perfect tense expresses action which will be completed before a certain time in the future. (This is the before-future tense)
  • It uses the helping verbs will have or shall have and the past participle of the verb.
  • Example: He will have finished the paper before next Friday.
regular verbs
Regular Verbs
  • Regular verbs form their past tense and past participle by adding –ed or –d to their present tense form.
  • More than 95% of all English verbs are regular.
  • Regular verbs cause few problems in speaking and writing.
irregular verbs
Irregular Verbs
  • Irregular verbs can form their past tense and past participle forms in various way.
  • These forms cause even native speakers innumerable problems.
  • The most irregular verb of all is the verb to be.
  • Another irregular verb that is important for its use with other verbs is the verb to have.
conjugation
Conjugation
  • A conjugation of a verb is the correct arrangement of its form through its tenses, persons, and numbers.
  • Person means the speaker, the person spoken to, and the person or thing spoken of.
  • Number means singular or plural.