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California Missions

California Missions. By Ms. Cardenas. Introduction to the Missions.

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California Missions

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  1. CaliforniaMissions By Ms. Cardenas

  2. Introduction to the Missions California’s Highway 1 began as a road connecting 21 Spanish missions. You can still find signs saying “El Camino Real” (“The Royal Highway”). These missions represent the first significant arrival of non-Native Americans to California. In addition to Christianity, the missionaries brought much more to California such as livestock, foreign plants and new industries. This was the start of the civilization we have today – but it many ways it was not created in a “civil” way. Countless Native American lives were lost. This presentation gives a quick overview of each mission. Choose what interests you most for a project!

  3. Map of the 21 California Missions

  4. First mission established in California Founded on July 16, 1769 by Father Junipero Serra Named for Saint Didacus de Alcalá Oldest mission First mission in the chain that stretches 650 mi along the King’s Highway Mission San Diego de Alcala

  5. Second mission Founded on June 3, 1770 by Father Junipero Serra Named after Saint Charles Borromeo Many people say it’s the most beautiful mission of all Used as headquarters for the California missions Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo

  6. Third mission Founded on July 14, 1771 by Father Junipero Serra Named for Saint Anthony Native Americans accepted padres’ beads and cloth in return for their seeds and acorns harvested In 1773 the mission was moved to Los Robles Valley (better water supply) Abandoned from 1882-1928 Mission San Antonio de Padua

  7. Fourth mission Founded on September 8, 1771 by Father Pedro Cambon and Father Angel Somera Named for Archangel Gabriel Most prosperous mission, but most difficult to handle Crowded with military (behavior problem) Mission San Gabriel Arcangel

  8. Fifth mission Founded on September 1, 1772 by Father Junipero Serra Named for Saint Luis, Bishop of Toulouse Marks geographical halfway point of the 21 California missions Located near a valley, fed people from other missions Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa

  9. Sixth mission Founded on June 26, 1776 by Father Francisco Palou Named for Saint Francis of Assisi Also known as Mission Dolores Damp weather kept Native Americans away More than 5,000 residents died of the measles Mission San Francisco de Asis

  10. Seventh mission Founded on November 1, 1776 by Father Junipero Serra Named for Saint John of Capistrano, Italy Called the “Jewel of the Missions” Famous for its beautiful gardens Oldest chapel in California Mission San Juan Capistrano

  11. Eighth mission Founded on January 12, 1777 by Father Junipero Serra Name for Santa Claire de Assisi 1st mission named after a woman Moved three times because of Guadalupe River flooding Relocated in 1818 because of severe earthquake Mission Santa Clara de Asis

  12. Ninth mission Founded on March 31, 1782 by Father Junipero Serra Named for Saint Bonaventure Should have been 3rd mission, but was postponed for twelve years Prosperity of this mission came from irrigation, which was provided by a seven-mile aqueduct that brought water from the Ventura River Mission San Buenaventura

  13. Tenth mission Founded on December 4, 1786 by Father Fermine Lausen Named for Saint Barbara 1st mission founded by Father Fermine Francisco de Lasuen Included more than 200 rows of houses for the mission’s Native American residents Mission Santa Barbara

  14. Eleventh mission Founded on December 8, 1787 by Father Fermine Lausen Named for “The Immaculate Conception of Mary the Most Pure” Prosperity from tireless work of Father Marino Payeras. He served for 19 years. On December 21, 1812 a severe earthquake destroyed the mission. La Purisima Conception

  15. 12th mission Founded on August 28, 1791 by Father Fermine Lausen Named for the Sacred Cross Criminal settlers from Mexico raided the mission’s crops and antagonized the Native Americans Mission Santa Cruz

  16. 13th mission Founded on October 9, 1791 by Father Fermine Lausen Named for Our Lady of Solitude Salinas River allowed for irrigation to grow crops, and for livestock herding Climate pushed Native Americans away Mission Nuestra Senora de la Soledad

  17. 14th mission Founded on July 11, 1797 by Father Fermine Lausen Named for Saint Joseph First of five missions built in a 13 month period Known as location for runaway Christianized Native Americans and hostile tribes Served as a base for military operations for natives who resented the missionaries Mission San Jose

  18. 15th mission Founded on June 24, 1797 by Father Fermine Lausen Named for John the Baptist Sits on top of San Andreas Fault Earthquake destroyed the original mission in October 1798 Mission San Juan Bautista

  19. 16th mission Founded on July 25, 1797 by Father Fermine Lausen Named for Saint Michael the Archangel Filled up quickly with Native Americans in the area Interior adorned by Spanish artist Mission San Miguel Arcangel

  20. 17th mission Founded on September 8, 1797 by Father Fermine Lausen Also served as a church and a hospital Mission San Fernando Rey de Espana

  21. 18th mission Founded on June 13, 1798 by Father Fermine Lausen Named for Louis IX King of France (1215-1270) Nicknamed “King of the Missions” Largest and most populous of all missions Building covers six acres and the Native American population reached 2,700 at its peak Mission San Luis Rey de Francia

  22. 19th mission Founded on September 17, 1804 by Father Estevan Tapis Named for Saint Anges Last mission founded in Southern California, which completed the chain Miles of flourished land that helped it flourish 1812 great earthquake destroyed half of the mission Water brought from mountains several miles away Mission Santa Ines

  23. 20th mission Founded on December 14, 1817 by Father Vicente de Sarria Named for Saint Raphael the Archangel, patron saint of good health Was originally dedicated as the sub-mission Mission Dolores Served as a convalescent hospital for Christianized Native Americans Mission San Rafael Arcangel

  24. 21st and last mission Founded after Mexico’s Independence from Spain Only mission founded without prior approval from the church Founded on July 4, 1823 by Father Jose Altimira Named for Saint Francis Solano, missionary to the Penivian Indians Had flourishing vineyards Father Altimira’s cruelty resulted in revolt Mission San Francisco de Solano

  25. Now I Challenge You to Make a POWERPOINT Presentation!

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