California Missions. By Ms. Cardenas. Introduction to the Missions.
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California’s Highway 1 began as a road connecting 21 Spanish missions. You can still find signs saying “El Camino Real” (“The Royal Highway”). These missions represent the first significant arrival of non-Native Americans to California.
In addition to Christianity, the missionaries brought much more to California such as livestock, foreign plants and new industries. This was the start of the civilization we have today – but it many ways it was not created in a “civil” way. Countless Native American lives were lost.
This presentation gives a quick overview of each mission. Choose what interests you most for a project!
Founded on July 14, 1771 by Father Junipero Serra
Named for Saint Anthony
Native Americans accepted padres’ beads and cloth in return for their seeds and acorns harvested
In 1773 the mission was moved to Los Robles Valley (better water supply)
Abandoned from 1882-1928Mission San Antonio de Padua
Founded on March 31, 1782 by Father Junipero Serra
Named for Saint Bonaventure
Should have been 3rd mission, but was postponed for twelve years
Prosperity of this mission came from irrigation, which was provided by a seven-mile aqueduct that brought water from the Ventura RiverMission San Buenaventura
Founded on July 11, 1797 by Father Fermine Lausen
Named for Saint Joseph
First of five missions built in a 13 month period
Known as location for runaway Christianized Native Americans and hostile tribes
Served as a base for military operations for natives who resented the missionariesMission San Jose
Founded on September 17, 1804 by Father Estevan Tapis
Named for Saint Anges
Last mission founded in Southern California, which completed the chain
Miles of flourished land that helped it flourish
1812 great earthquake destroyed half of the mission
Water brought from mountains several miles awayMission Santa Ines
Founded after Mexico’s Independence from Spain
Only mission founded without prior approval from the church
Founded on July 4, 1823 by Father Jose Altimira
Named for Saint Francis Solano, missionary to the Penivian Indians
Had flourishing vineyards
Father Altimira’s cruelty resulted in revoltMission San Francisco de Solano
to Make a POWERPOINT