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California Missions. By Marilyn Kowsari October 12, 2007. What was a mission?. A religious settlement. Location of the Missions. Founder of the Missions. Father Serra Born in 1713 in Petra, Isla del Mellora Spain Founded 9 of the 21 missions

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california missions

California Missions

By Marilyn Kowsari

October 12, 2007

what was a mission
What was a mission?
  • A religious settlement
founder of the missions
Founder of the Missions
  • Father Serra
  • Born in 1713 in Petra, Isla del Mellora Spain
  • Founded 9 of the 21 missions
  • Died in 1784 and buried at San Carlos Borromeo Mission
purpose of the bells
Purpose of the Bells
  • Call people to meals
  • Call people to work
  • Call people to prayer
  • Tell some important news
characteristics of the missions
Characteristics of the missions
  • Things in common
    • They all had bells
    • Cemeteries
    • Located near Indian villages
mission life
Mission Life
  • Who lived at the mission?
    • Padres
    • Indians
padres jobs
Padres Jobs
  • Conducted Sunday Services
  • Managed mission
  • Responsible forvisitors
indian women s jobs
Indian Women’s Jobs
  • Cooked
  • Cleaned
  • Tanned hides
  • Gardened
  • Made candles and soap
indian men s jobs
Indian Men’s Jobs
  • Took care of the animals
  • Blacksmith
  • Made tools for use on the farm
  • Made necessary buildings
indian children jobs
Indian Children Jobs
  • Watched and fed the livestock
  • Helped plant the crops
  • Kept animals out of the crops
  • Helped clean mission grounds
treatment of the indians
Treatment of theIndians
  • Had to give up their way of life
  • Had to become Catholic
  • Could not speak their language
  • Were beaten if they tried to leave/escape
closing of the missions
Closing of the Missions
  • Mexico won war with Spain
  • Did not like to be reminded of Spanish rule
  • Wanted the Indians to become part of the Mexican society
law of 1833
Law of 1833
  • Divided Mission lands up over fifteen year period
  • Mission became a pueblo
  • Half of land was to be given to the Indians
    • tricked out of their land
    • many sold their land
    • many went to work for new land owners
mission san juan capistrano
Mission San Juan Capistrano
  • Founded first by Fr. Lasuen Oct. 1775
  • Founded second time by Fr. Serra 1776
  • Falling apart in 1866
  • Destroyed by an earthquake in 1812
  • 1910 Father O”Sullivan took it over
swallows of san juan capistrano
Swallows of San Juan Capistrano
  • March 19th swallows return
  • Huge crowds welcome their return
  • Nests in old mission church
  • Return to South America in October
mission san juan today
Mission San Juan Today
  • Small town named for the mission
  • Curio Shops and restaurants
  • Mission Grounds
  • Still undergoing restoration
  • 10 acres of outdoor museum
comprehension questions
Comprehension Questions
  • Why was Father Serra important?
  • Who lived at the missions?
  • How were the Native Americans who lived at the missions treated?
  • Name one reason why the Mexican governement wanted to close the missions.
  • What happened to the Native Americans after the missions closed?
  • What were some of the jobs of the children at the mission?
  • What was the first mission?
  • Why did all the missions have bells?
fun facts
FUN FACTS
  • Father Serra’s finger is buried at the Santa Barbara Mission
  • The ghosts of a caretaker and his family are said to haunt Mission San Miguel
  • It took 54 years to build all of the missions
  • The bells at San Juan Capistrano are said to have rung by themselves when a very devout Indian girl name Matilda died while putting flowers on the altar.
  • Serra Chapel at Mission San Juan Capistrano is said to be the oldest building in California.
  • San Antonio de Padua is located on a military base.