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Spheres of the Earth Atmosphere Hydrosphere Lithosphere. Weather Dynamics Unit Science 10 Mrs. S. Pipke-Painchaud. Hydrosphere. All of the ___________ on planet Earth “___% of the earth is covered by water and only 29% is terra firma” (University of Florida).

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Spheres of the earth atmosphere hydrosphere lithosphere

Spheres of the EarthAtmosphere Hydrosphere Lithosphere

Weather Dynamics Unit

Science 10

Mrs. S. Pipke-Painchaud


Hydrosphere
Hydrosphere

  • All of the ___________ on planet Earth

  • “___% of the earth is covered by water and only 29% is terra firma” (University of Florida).

  • “______ Planet” – water is not found on any other planets in our solar system.

  • “It is because the Earth has just the right mass, the right chemical composition, the right atmosphere, and is the right distance from the Sun (the “_________" principle) that permits water to exist mainly as a liquid” (U of F).

http://ess.geology.ufl.edu/ess/Introduction/Hydrosphere.html


Spheres of the earth atmosphere hydrosphere lithosphere

  • The great variety of surface temperatures and pressures allows water to exist in all three states.

    • Solid = _____________

    • Liquid = _____________

    • Gas = _________________

  • The ________________ contain most of the water (approx. 1.35 million cubic metres)

  • The ___________ heat capacity of water and the ___________ volumes of water “_________ the Earth surface from large temperature changes such as those observed on the moon” (U of F Hydrosphere).

  • “Water is the universal _____________ and the basis of all _______ on our Planet” (U of F Hydrosphere).

  • “Benjamin Franklin to comment[ed] "When the well's dry, we know the worth of water.“” (U of F Hydrosphere).

    • Source: University of Florida Hydrosphere


Hydrosphere cont d
Hydrosphere Cont’d allows water to exist in all three states.

  • Water in the ocean:

    • Equator = __________ water (like a warm bath)

    • Near Poles = _________ (can freeze into icebergs)

      • ETE – Hydrosphere

http://www.bigelow.org/shipmates/temperature.html


Spheres of the earth atmosphere hydrosphere lithosphere

Ocean Temperatures Updated Daily: allows water to exist in all three states.http://www.wunderground.com/MAR/


Spheres of the earth atmosphere hydrosphere lithosphere

Antarctic Water Temperatures: allows water to exist in all three states.http://www.wunderground.com/MAR/


Atmosphere
Atmosphere allows water to exist in all three states.

  • Contains ________, _________, Carbon dioxide and __________ vapour

  • Extend _____________ km above the surface of the Earth

  • Climate is determined by the interactions occurring here

  • _________ protects from UV rays

    • Source: University of Florida Atmosphere


Spheres of the earth atmosphere hydrosphere lithosphere

  • “Since the Industrial Revolution, man has been _______________ the composition of the atmosphere by the burning of ________________” (U of F Atmosphere).

  • Greenhouse Gases include:

    (concerns include the rising levels of greenhouse gases)

    • _______________, _______________, nitrous oxide, and

      ____________________________

    • “these "greenhouse" gases _____________ heat energy emitted from the earth surface and ____________ global temperatures (global warming)” (U of F Atmosphere).

    • “In addition, chloroflurocarbons are effective at depleting the Earth's ______________ shield that protects the earth surface from the harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation” (U of F Atmosphere).

      • Source: University of Florida Atmosphere


Lithosphere geosphere

Greek for _________ sphere _______________ the composition of the atmosphere by the burning of ________________” (U of F Atmosphere).

___________ outermost shell of the planet including the crust and upper layers of the mantle.

Wikipedia Lithosphere

Solid earth

Oceanic crust

__________________ crust

Interior of the earth

“___________ percent of the earth is composed of the elements oxygen, _____, silica, and magnesium” (U of F Geosphere).

Is always changing (________ _________/ Continental Drift)

Source: University of Florida Geosphere

Lithosphere (Geosphere)

http://ess.geology.ufl.edu/ess/Introduction/Geosphere.html

Plates of the Earth:

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dc/Tectonic_plates.png


Spheres of the earth atmosphere hydrosphere lithosphere

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Tectonic_plates.png _______________ the composition of the atmosphere by the burning of ________________” (U of F Atmosphere).


Asthenosphere
Asthenosphere _______________ the composition of the atmosphere by the burning of ________________” (U of F Atmosphere).

  • The ____________ layer under the lithosphere.

  • Plastic like layer (fluid rock movement)

  • ________________ km deep into the Earth (or up to 400 km)

  • The ridged lithosphere __________ on this layer, which conducts heat up to the plates.

  • Fault lines and breaks occur in the lithosphere because it is _____________.

    • Source: Wikipedia Asthenosphere


Cryosphere
Cryosphere _______________ the composition of the atmosphere by the burning of ________________” (U of F Atmosphere).

  • All of the __________ and _________ on earth

  • Majority of ice is found at the poles

    • ______________

    • _______________

    • Giant icecaps in Antarctica and Greenland

  • _______________ years ago = colder climate = huge ice sheets covered the surface of the earth

    • Most of North America and ______________ were covered

  • During the age of the dinosaurs the climate was warm and much of the ice had melted and disappeared.

    • Earth Floor Cryosphere


Biosphere
Biosphere _______________ the composition of the atmosphere by the burning of ________________” (U of F Atmosphere).

  • The “______________ zone” of earth.

  • Includes all _____________ organisms (all organic matter that has not decomposed.)

  • _________________ govern the transfer of energy

    • Producers  Consumers  Secondary Consumers  Tertiary Consumers

      • U Of F – Biosphere

  • By looking at the surface of the earth you can readily distinguish the different areas

    • i.e. deserts, forests

    • These areas are called __________________.

      • Earth Floor Biosphere


  • Spheres of the earth atmosphere hydrosphere lithosphere

    Surface of the Earth from Space _______________ the composition of the atmosphere by the burning of ________________” (U of F Atmosphere). - Notice the different colors, which indicated different biomes.

    Can you identify the desert? Forests?

    http://www.novaspace.com/POSTERS/PHOTO/FOTE.jpeg


    To do
    To Do . . . _______________ the composition of the atmosphere by the burning of ________________” (U of F Atmosphere).

    • Read over Section 13.8 Hydrosphere

      • Draw a simplified diagram of the water cycle (be sure to include all of the important terms.

        • Define any of the terms that you use in your diagram

      • Complete questions:

        • Page 524 #s  2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8


    Sources
    Sources _______________ the composition of the atmosphere by the burning of ________________” (U of F Atmosphere).

    • University of Florida Earth System Science Program

      • http://ess.geology.ufl.edu/ess/Introduction/00-Introduction.html

      • Hydrosphere:

        • http://ess.geology.ufl.edu/ess/Introduction/Hydrosphere.html

      • Geosphere:

        • http://ess.geology.ufl.edu/ess/Introduction/Geosphere.html

      • Biosphere

        • http://ess.geology.ufl.edu/ess/Introduction/Biosphere.html


    Sources continued
    Sources Continued . . . _______________ the composition of the atmosphere by the burning of ________________” (U of F Atmosphere).

    • Wikipedia

      • Lithosphere

        • http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/msese/earthsysflr/spheres.html

      • Asthenosphere

        • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asthenosphere

    • Exploring the Environment

      • http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/msese/earthsysflr/spheres.html

    • Earth Floor Hydrosphere

      • http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/msese/earthsysflr/hydrosphere.html

    • Earth Floor Cryosphere

      • http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/msese/earthsysflr/biosphere.html

    • Earth Floor Biosphere

      • http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/msese/earthsysflr/biosphere.html