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Cannabis everything you want to know. Mark Campbell Drug & Alcohol Counsellor NUI Galway 28 th August 2008. Cannabis – topics to be covered. What it is Effects Dependence The Law Medical uses Prevalence Details of services. Hash (resin), Herbal, Weed (skunk), Oil (THC)

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cannabis everything you want to know

Cannabiseverything you want to know

Mark Campbell

Drug & Alcohol Counsellor

NUI Galway

28th August 2008

cannabis topics to be covered
Cannabis – topics to be covered
  • What it is
  • Effects
  • Dependence
  • The Law
  • Medical uses
  • Prevalence
  • Details of services
slide3
Hash (resin), Herbal, Weed (skunk),

Oil (THC)

  • Smoked (joint), cooked and eaten (hash brownies)
  • Depressant with hallucinogenic properties
slide9
Faces of CannabisEffects begin within few minutes, peak 30 mins last 2 hours 25-30% remains in body after week
physical effects
Physical Effects
  • Heart rate decreases
  • Lower blood pressure
  • Depressed respiration
  • Impaired motor

co-ordination

cannabis desired effects
Cannabis – (desired Effects)
  • Feeling of warmth
  • Drowsiness & contentment
  • Disinhibited - reduction in anxiety
  • Sociability – increased closeness and camaradie
  • Thoughts – more imaginative and creative
cannabis undesired effects
Cannabis – Undesired Effects
  • Poor concentration, short term memory affected
  • Apathy, demotivation
  • Legal consequences
  • Hallucinations, paranoia
  • Acute psychosis (lasting few hours – 7 days), induce mental illness in those who are vulnerable
cannabis undesired effects cont d
Cannabis (undesired effects cont’d)
  • Lung damage, wheezing, sputum prodn
  • Male fertility (no and mobility of sperm)
  • Effects on female fertility not known
  • Dependence; abstinence resulting in restlessness, agitation, insomnia, lack of appetite
dependency addiction
Dependency/Addiction
  • Physical dependence – often

measured by the physical

disturbance created by the

absence of the drug

  • Psychological dependence –

overriding compulsion to obtain

and retain the drug whatever the consequences

symptoms of dependence
Symptoms of Dependence
  • Using more, or for longer than you intended
  • A constant desire to use, or trying to give up

and failing

  • Spending a lot of time trying to get supplies,

using and recovering

  • Spending less time on important activities or

giving them up altogether

  • Needing more of  the drug to get the same effect
  • Unpleasant symptoms when you stop
death by cannabis a 2 kilo block dropped on your head from the 25 th floor of a high rise building
Death by Cannabisa 2 kilo block dropped on your head from the 25thfloor of a high rise building
the law
The Law
  • Possession of cannabis a criminal offence.
  • A person can be convicted for possession of cannabis and given a maximum fine of €635 for a first offence and for a 3rd or subsequent offence an unrestricted fine and/or 3 years prison sentence.
  • The penalties for supplying cannabisa re potentially much harsher than for mere possession, higher fines and longer prison sentences.
  • The Gardai have the power to stop, search and detain if they have reason to suspect a person of being in possession of an illegal drug.
  • It is not illegal to have cannabis in your bloodstream, though it is an offence to drive under the influence of cannabis.
  • It is not illegal to possess cannabis seeds but it is illegal to grow a cannabis plant.
cannabis medical uses
Cannabis Medical uses?
  • Synthetic compounds incl nabilone used
  • Relieve nausea from anti-cancer meds
  • Reduce spasticity (multiple sclerosis)
  • Anticonvulsant
  • Lower eye pressure in glaucoma
  • Psychoactive and cardio effects generally limit therapeutic usefulness (raise bp which can subseq suddenly drop)
prevalence of drug use
Prevalence of Drug Use
  • DRUGS (CLAN survey - 2002)

% last 12 mths % last 30 days

Cannabis 37.3 (m=49, f=25) 20 (m=30, f=10)

Ecstasy 8

Cocaine 5.8

  • 16% of students had used cannabis ten times or more in the past 12 months (22% males, 11% females)
  • 6% of students had used cannabis more than ten times in the last 30 days (9% males, 3% females)
where to go for help
Where to go for help?

NUI Galway offer a free and confidential counselling service to all students and have a specific drug & alcohol counsellor

  • Contact: Student Counselling Service, 5 Distillery Road, NUI Galway. Office Hours: Mon – Fri between 9.15am and 1pm and 2.15pm and 4.15pm. www.nuigalway.ie/counsellors
  • Cannabis website: www.nuigalway.ie/checkoutcannabis
  • Appointments 091-492484 or email: counselling@nuigalway.ie
  • Drop in any time Mon – Fri between 2.15-4.15pm to see a counsellor
  • Counsellors : Bea Gavin, Emer Casey, Geraldine Connolly, Eamonn O’

Dochartaigh

  • Drug & Alcohol Counsellor: Mark Campbell
where to go for help21
Where to go for help?

Drugs Counselling Service:

  • Galway 091-561 299
  • Mayo North 096-60060
  • Mayo South 094-9020430
  • Roscommon 071-9664900

Cocaine Clinic 091-561 299

  • Drugs Helpline: 1800 459 459
  • Alcoholics Anonymous: 091-567807
  • Narcotics Anonymous: 01 6728000
  • Samaritans 1850 609 090

Text Help to 51900

Live help online www.drugs.ie