Light as a Wave: Part 1 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Light as a Wave: Part 1

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  1. Light as a Wave: Part 1 SNC2D

  2. What is a wave? A wave is a disturbance which carries energy from one location to another. The material the disturbance travels through is the medium. The movement of the disturbance is referred to as propagation.

  3. 2 Types of Waves A longitudinal wave is a wave in which the particles of the medium move in a direction parallel to the direction of propagation.

  4. 2 Types of Waves A longitudinal wave is a wave in which the particles of the medium move in a direction parallel to the direction of propagation.

  5. 2 Types of Waves A transverse wave is a wave in which the particles of the medium move in a direction perpendicular to the direction of propagation.

  6. Snapshot of a Wave The dashed line represents the rest positions of the particles.

  7. Snapshot of a Wave The positions of maximum displacement are referred to as crests (positive displacement) and troughs (negative). The maximum displacement is the amplitude.

  8. Snapshot of a Wave The distance between one crest and the next crest (or one trough and the next trough) is the

  9. Snapshot of a Wave The distance between one crest and the next crest (or one trough and the next trough) is the wavelength, represented by

  10. Snapshot of a Wave The distance between one crest and the next crest (or one trough and the next trough) is the wavelength, represented by l.

  11. Snapshot of a Wave The time it takes one complete wavelength to pass a single point is the

  12. Snapshot of a Wave The time it takes one complete wavelength to pass a single point is the period, represented by

  13. Snapshot of a Wave The time it takes one complete wavelength to pass a single point is the period, represented by T.

  14. Snapshot of a Wave The number of complete wavelengths that pass a single point in one second is the frequency, represented by f.

  15. Frequency Frequency is measured in units of s-1 or Hertz (Hz). “I do not think that the wireless waves I have discovered will have any practical application.”

  16. Wave Speed The speed of a wave is therefore:

  17. Wave Speed The speed of a wave is therefore:

  18. Wave Speed The speed of a wave is therefore:

  19. Wave Speed The speed of a wave is therefore: Practice Question: What is the wavelength of a wave with a speed of 344 m/s and a frequency of 256 Hz?

  20. Wave Speed Practice Question: What is the wavelength of a wave with a speed of 344 m/s and a frequency of 256 Hz?

  21. Wave Speed Practice Question: What is the wavelength of a wave with a speed of 344 m/s and a frequency of 256 Hz?

  22. Wave Speed Practice Question: What is the wavelength of a wave with a speed of 344 m/s and a frequency of 256 Hz?

  23. Wave Speed Practice Question: What is the wavelength of a wave with a speed of 344 m/s and a frequency of 256 Hz?

  24. Wave Speed Practice Question: What is the wavelength of a wave with a speed of 344 m/s and a frequency of 256 Hz?

  25. Wave Speed Practice Question: What is the wavelength of a wave with a speed of 344 m/s and a frequency of 256 Hz?

  26. Light is an “EM” wave Light is actually a transverse wave

  27. Light is an “EM” wave Light is actually a transverse wave, but the perpendicular-to-propagation disturbance is not of particles of a medium but of the electric and magnetic (EM) fields

  28. The Speed of Light Because light waves do not need a medium, they can travel through a vacuum (empty space) and do so at the speed of light: c =

  29. The Speed of Light Because light waves do not need a medium, they can travel through a vacuum (empty space) and do so at the speed of light: c = 3.0 x 108 m/s.

  30. Light-years A light-year is the distance light would travel in 1 year.

  31. Light-years A light-year is the distance light would travel in 1 year. Practice Question: How far (in m) is 1.0 light-years?

  32. Light-years A light-year is the distance light would travel in 1 year. Practice Question: How far (in m) is 1.0 light-years?

  33. The Speed(s) of Light Light will travel slower in denser media (e.g. glass), but the speed in air is still effectively 3.0 x 108 m/s and

  34. More Practice p. 391 #1 and 2