A critical perspective on peace through tourism. Freya Higgins-Desbiolles School of Management UniSA. Introduction. Tourism’s many positive contributions- economic, social, cultural, ecological & spiritual
School of Management
is a not for profit organization dedicated to
fostering & facilitating tourism initiatives which
contribute to international understanding & cooperation,
an improved quality of environment, the
preservation of heritage, & through these initiatives,
helping to bring about a peaceful & sustainable world.
It is based on a vision of the world's largest industry,
travel & tourism - becoming the world's
first global peace industry; & the belief
that every traveler is potentially an "Ambassador for Peace.
A primary goal of IIPT is to mobilize the travel &
tourism industry as a leading force for poverty reduction.
GLOBAL EXCHANGE’s REALITY TOURS
US-Mexico Border : Day of the Dead/Dia de los MuertosOctober 31, 2004 - November 03, 2004
Ireland - The North of Ireland : A Lasting Peace - with Justice? August 01, 2005 - August 15, 2005
Afghanistan : Women Making ChangeJune 12, 2005 - June 21, 2005
Brazil : World Social Forum 2005- Another World is PossibleJanuary 21, 2005 - February 01, 2005
Palestine/Israel : Fact Finding DelegationOctober 17, 2004 - October 28, 2004
Russia - the Former USSR : Russia - A Changing EmpireJune 10, 2005 - June 24, 2005
“Democracy, transparency and corporate and governmental accountability in tourism will be placed high on the agenda for concerted action and strategic interventions. We look forward to working in solidarity with local community representatives, activists and researchers from various parts of the world to strengthen our struggle and develop strategies for a tourism that is equitable, people-centred, sustainable, ecologically sensible, child-friendly and gender-just”. (TIG, 2004)
Does tourism reduce structural violence (systemic poverty, ill-health and racism ) or does it contribute to further impoverishment of the periphery?
Does tourism enhance individual & social peace?
Does tourism create the possibilities for cultural pluralism? Can knowledge of the Other reduce intolerance, creating the possibility of a multicultural peaceful world?
Does tourism help create economic democracy?
Is tourism progressive? Does it use resources progressively, from physical to mental to cultural-spiritual? (1995)Inayatullah’s tourism checklist:
“… contributes to the growth of globalism – a more intense feeling of common membership of the human collectivity. It does this by exposing us directly to a multicultural world where the boundaries between societies and between insiders and outsiders are becoming increasingly blurred”.
Higgins-Desbiolles, F. (2008) Justice tourism and alternative globalisation. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, in press.