titration of sodium carbonate n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Titration of Sodium Carbonate PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Titration of Sodium Carbonate

Loading in 2 Seconds...

  share
play fullscreen
1 / 9
stacia

Titration of Sodium Carbonate - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

384 Views
Download Presentation
Titration of Sodium Carbonate
An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Titration of Sodium Carbonate

  2. Carbonate Chemistry • CO2 in atmosphere and dissolved in water • Major global buffering system • Industrial sources • limestone: CaCO3(s) + heat  CaO(s) + CO2(g) • trona (Na2CO3) deposits Air/Water Equilibrium Ionization in Water

  3. Titration of Na2CO3 with HCl Step 1: Na2CO3 + HCl  NaHCO3 + NaCl Step 2: NaHCO3 + HCl  H2CO3 + NaCl Overall: Na2CO3 + 2HCl  H2CO3 + 2NaCl At Ve1: Phenolphthalein pH At Ve2: BCG Ve2 Ve1 Equivalents of HCl added

  4. Derivative Plots Derivative plots can be used for accurate location of the equivalence point Raw data Spreadsheet First and Second Derivative Plots Click on “Derivative Plots” tab Raw data: pH vs V 1st derivative: d(pH)/dV 2nd derivative: d2(pH)/(dV)2 2nd derivative

  5. Determination of Carbonate in a Sample A 1.2040-g sample containing sodium carbonate and inert material was dissolved in water and titrated to the bromcresol green end point, requiring 32.50 mL of 0.1020 M HCl. Calculate the % Na2CO3 in the sample. For the BCG endpoint, the reaction is Na2CO3 + 2HCl  H2CO3 + 2NaCl % Na2CO3 = 14.59%

  6. Effects of Carbonate Equilibria on Titration of Carbonate Shift in Phenolphthalein Endpoint Boiling to Enhance Second Endpoint

  7. Effect of Absorbed CO2 on Titration of Na2CO3 with HCl Ve1 Ve2 • Ve1 decreases • Ve2 is not affected • Use Ve2 for calculations Before After CO2(g) + H2O(l) + CO32(aq) 2HCO3(aq)

  8. Boiling to Enhance Visual Endpoint in Titration of Na2CO3 with HCl • Na2CO3 + 2HCl  H2CO3 + 2NaCl NaHCO3 Boiling removes H2CO3 as gaseous CO2 NaHCO3 + H2CO3 H2CO3(aq) CO2(g) + H2O

  9. Summary: Titration of Sodium Carbonate • Titration of Na2CO3 with strong acid yields two equivalence points • At phenolphthalein end point • Na2CO3 NaHCO3 • At bromcresol green (or methyl red) end point • All carbonate is converted to H2CO3 • pH of carbonate solutions may be unstable due to exchange of CO2 with atmosphere.