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Adapting to Different Environments . Unit 3 Lesson 5. Content Expectations 4 - G1.0.4: Use geographic tools and technologies, stories, songs, and pictures to answer geographic questions about the United States.

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Adapting to Different Environments


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    1. Adapting to Different Environments Unit 3 Lesson 5

    2. Content Expectations 4 - G1.0.4: Use geographic tools and technologies, stories, songs, and pictures to answer geographic questions about the United States. 4 - G5.0.1: Assess the positive and negative effects of human activities on the physical environment of the United States.

    3. Graphic Organizer Recreational Activities Housing Styles Land Use ADAPTING TO THE ENVIRONMENT Hurricanes and Earthquakes Historic Examples Climate Extremes

    4. Big Ideas Card

    5. Word Cards Word Cards from previous lessons needed for this lesson: • Human/Environment Interaction – Word Card #3 from Lesson 1 • Culture – Word Card #2 from Lesson 4

    6. “culture” the way of life of a group of people How did immigration influence the culture of various regions in the United States?

    7. Architecture, or the way buildings are designed, is a component of culture.

    8. Houses in the United States

    9. Houses in the United States

    10. Houses in the United States

    11. • How do the houses differ? • Why are there so many different housing styles in the United States? • Long ago when people moved to a new area, how do you think they decided what kind of house to build? • How does geography influence housing styles?

    12. “adapting to the environment” Geographers often study how people have adapted, or changed, to fit the environment where they live. Housing is an example of how people adapt to their environment.

    13. “adapting to the environment” Like log cabins of the past, houses in areas with lots of trees tend to be made of wood and have a balcony or porch from which to enjoy scenic views.

    14. “adapting to the environment” Houses along rivers are often on stilts and have docks where boats can “park” in front.

    15. “adapting to the environment” Houses in urban areas with little space are often set on top of each other in row houses or apartments.

    16. “adapting to the environment” Houses along the coastline have lots of windows and decks.

    17. “adapting to the environment” Houses in dry areas often have flat roofs since they don’t have to repel rain and snow. Landscaping reflects rocks and cactus instead of grass.

    18. “Land Use in the United States” How does geography influence the ways in which people use land? For example, in areas of the plains where it was hard to grow many crops farmers adapted by using land as range for cattle.

    19. “Land Use in the United States” How does geography influence the ways in which people use land?

    20. “Land Use in the United States” How does geography influence the ways in which people use land?

    21. “Land Use in the United States” How does geography influence the ways in which people use land?

    22. “Land Use in the United States” How does geography influence the ways in which people use land?

    23. “Land Use in the United States” How does geography influence the ways in which people use land?

    24. How are people likely to change the land when they use it for certain activities? These changes may have positive or negative effects on the environment. Choose one of the photographs on the transparency and explain how people have used the land in the photograph may have changed the land.

    25. Land Use in the United States

    26. Explain that people also adapt their recreational activities to their environment. For example, people surf in California but not in Michigan even though both places have coastlines on large bodies of water. In pairs come up with another regional example of differences in recreational activities.

    27. Geography and history are often interrelated. History is often based on stories of how people have adapted to new environments.

    28. Adapting to a New Environment

    29. How did each group encounter a different environment as a result of their migration? Think of a challenge this new environment presented. Write their ideas in the appropriate place on the chart.

    30. How may have the various groups met the challenges by adapting to the new climate? For example, escaped slaves living in Canada likely changed their clothing styles to fit the new colder climate. The Potawatomi may have learned to grow different kinds of foods in their new environment.

    31. Adapting to a New Environment – Sample Answers

    32. We encountered another example of migration in a previous lesson that is not reflected on the transparency. What group is missing from the chart? Pioneer settlers who moved west The book Dandelions describes a family moving west.

    33. People encountered many challenges in their new environment when they moved to the Great Plains. Look at the “Photographs from the Great Plains” on the next slide. What type of material they think was used to build the house and school shown in the photographs?

    34. Photographs from the Great Plains Sod House Photos. 17 November 2008 <http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/ngp:@FILREQ(@field(SUBJ+@BAND(sod+buildings))+@FIELD(COLLID+ndfa)>. (search “sod buildings” and “sod school

    35. These buildings were made of sod, or clumps of clay and grass. • Pioneers in Michigan usually built log cabins. Why would settlers in the plains use sod to build a house? • How would log houses and sod houses be similar? How might they be different?

    36. What are some other ways a lack of trees would present a challenge to early settlers on the Great Plains?

    37. Look at “Mystery Source” located on next slide. Work with a partner: • Identify the type of primary source. • Identify two challenges of the plains environment which are described in this primary source.

    38. Mystery Source Bachelors Hall Neb' Fillmore Co Apr' 13th 1873 Dear Wife and Baby …Nebraska does a heap of blowing and since it is so dry there is lots of dust flying. yesterday and today have been terrible windy it nearly blew me off the walls of my house yesterday when I would be carrying a sod on the wall a gust of wind would come and blow my hat over my eyes and nearly capsize me my sods for my wall were pretty heavy they were from 2 1/2 to 4 ft long 4 in thick and from 10 to 12 in wide. the whole furrow as longh as I plowed it all hung together unbroken so you see we have some pretty tough sod here. don’t know how I’m goin get things planted perhaps you can’t read this my arms are so numb & tired handling heavy Sod that it is hard work for me to write from your loving Husband Uriah Oblinger

    39. Identify the type of primary source they are analyzing. What clues led you to identify the source as a letter?

    40. What challenges were you able to identify in the letter? • Strong winds • Blowing dust • The sod was heavy • The sod was hard to plow

    41. Adapting to Life on the Great Plains

    42. Adapting to Life on the Great Plains

    43. Adapting to Life on the Great Plains

    44. In fifth grade you will study many examples of adapting to the environment including how Native Americans adapted to many different regions, how European settlers adapted to life in North America, and how enslaved Africans adapted to environments often quite different from those in Africa.

    45. Investigation Directions: Choose one of the following questions to investigate with a partner. Then, fill in the chart describing what you learned. • How have people adapted to life in California in an earthquake zone? • How have people adapted to life in a region where there are hurricanes? • How have people adapted in the southwest to life in a dry region? • How have people adapted to a rainy climate in the Pacific Northwest? • How have people adapted to flooding along the Mississippi River? • How have people adapted in areas of heavy snow?

    46. Teacher Resource American West 1840-95. Learn History.16 November 2008 http://www.learnhistory.org.uk/west/homesteaders.htm>. Arizona Mine. 16 November 2008 <http://wwwdelivery.superstock.com/WI/223/2062/PreviewComp/SuperStock_2062-523154.jpg>. Cattle Ranch. 16 November 2008 <http://www.nebraska-horseback.com/images/Move_cows_w.Nancy.JPG>. Desert House. ABC News. 16 November 2008 <http://a.abcnews.com/images/Business/ht_desert_house_051221_ssh.jpg>. Egbo, Carol. Supplemental Materials (Unit 3, Lesson 5).Teacher-made material. Michigan Citizenship Collaborative, 2008. House in Hawaii. 16 November 2008 <http://www.aloha.net/~hobbit/houdar.jpg>. Kansas Farm. 16 November 2008 <http://media-2.web.britannica.com/eb-media/00/93900-004-5EA76A32.jpg>. Log House. 16 November 2008 <http://www.astroshow.com/Alaska07/141aLogHouse.jpg>. Louisiana House. 17 November 2008 <http://www.shallowwaterangler.com/destination/lafitte_louisiana-redfish_trout/>. Lumber Mill. 17 November 2008 <http://www.vfmdesign.com/perthmrc/images/bc9-4.jpg>. Ocean Front House. 17 November 2008 <http://www.1500pebblebeachdrive.com/images/OceanFrontHouseCoverA.jpg>. Row House. 17 November 2008 <http://skyways.lib.ks.us/orgs/schs/preservation/bradley/RossRowHouse3.jpg>. Ski Resort. 17 November 2008 <http://www.bestskiproperty.com/images/SilverLakeLodge-J.JPG>. Wind Farm. 17 November 2008 <http://uchooze.net/wind-farms/images/wind-farm.jpg>.