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This is Community Wind. Lisa Daniels Executive Director of Windustry Financing Wind Power July 25, 2007. Outline. About Windustry Community Wind Energy Structure of Private/Farmer Owned Community Wind Projects Challenges for Community Development What’s Next. Windustry.
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This is Community Wind Lisa Daniels Executive Director of Windustry Financing Wind Power July 25, 2007
Outline • About Windustry • Community Wind Energy • Structure of Private/Farmer Owned Community Wind Projects • Challenges for Community Development • What’s Next
Windustry • Increasing wind energy opportunities for rural landowners and communities. • Non-profit organization based in Minneapolis, MN • www.windustry.org • The Windustry Newsletter • Wind Easement Agreements • National Community Wind Conference • Wind Farmers Network
“Yep, they make some noise, but it’s the soothing sound of money being made.”Louis Woodward, Texas Rancher,Landowner Prepared by Virtus Energy Research for Public Citizen and the SEED Coaltion
Community Wind Energy Defined • Simple and flexible concept • Any number of turbines • Connected either side of the meter • one or more members of the local community has a significant direct financial stake • KEY: Local ownership and local benefits
Benefits of Community Wind All the benefits of large wind development, plus: • Greater stimulation of local economies • Increased local energy independence • Delayed need for new transmission lines • Increased competition in energy markets • Greater acceptance of wind power
Community Wind Energy Success Stories • Farmer/Local Investors • Local Utilities: Municipal Utilities and Rural Electric Cooperatives • Schools • Tribal Communities • Community Institutions • New Models for Wind Industry and Community Partnerships
Moorhead Public ServiceMoorhead, Minnesota • Two 750 kW turbines, installed in 1999 and 2001. • Public utility- used their own funds to purchase the machine. • Among the highest subscription rates in the nation and one of the early successful municipal projects. • Several good Iowa examples as well, including Waverly, IA.
Illinois Rural Electric CooperativePike County, Illinois • Planning a spring 2005 ribbon cutting for a 1.65 MW turbine. • Inspired by new IL wind maps that show some of the best wind in the state to be in IREC territory. • Turbine will generate about 4% of IREC’s power needs, close to the 5% limit in wholesale power contract. • Project supported by 3 grants (USDA, IL state grant, and IL Clean Energy Foundation) IREC Engineering Manager and project leader Sean Middleton.
School Wind Projects: K-12 Wind turbines can supply schools with clean energy, new revenue, and learning opportunities. • 8 school districts in Iowa have wind turbine from 50 to 750 kW • Spirit Lake Schools pioneered the idea in 1993 with a 250 kW turbine, followed by a 750 kW turbine in 2003. • Other school projects in MN, IL, CO, PA, VT, MA, MI, tribal communities Spirit Lake, Iowa
Rosebud Sioux TribeRosebud, South Dakota • Dedicated a 750 kW turbine in May 2003. • Helped by DOE Tribal grant program and USDA RUS loan. • “Breaking Trail” • First step for the ambitious wind power goals of Great Plains tribes. Project leaders Pat Spears and Bob Gough Photo courtesy of Intertribal COUP
Lamar, Colorado • Local project piggybacked on large wind project. • Four 1.5 MW GE turbines less than 25 miles from CO Green, a 162 MW project in Lamar • Municipal Utilities (Lamar Light & Power and Arkansas River Power Authority) timed their project to coincide with Colorado Green. • Coordinated with CO Green to lower development, construction and maintenance costs.
Minwind EnergyRock County, Minnesota Minwind I and II: • Two LLCs owned by 66 local investors. • Installed 4 950 kW turbines in late 2002. • Goals: local economic dev., maximize return on investment, diversify local economy Tom Arends and Mark Willers, Presidents of Minwind I and II
Minwind EnergyRock County, Minnesota Minwind III-IX: • Seven more LLCs owned by local investors. • Installed 7 1.65 MW turbines in late 2004. • Supported by USDA and Minnesota incentives. December 2004 Open House at new Minwind turbines.
USDA State EnergyOffice Lawyers Elected Officials Accountants Contractors Bankers Developer Equipment Suppliers Minwind Board Minwind CEO Accountants Investors
SMI & Hydraulics, Inc.Porter, Minnesota Photos courtesy www.smihyd.com
Federal Community Wind Incentives • PTC • Hard to use it directly, need equity partner • IRS Letter ruling • CREBS (Community Renewable Energy Bonds) • USDA Farm Bill Energy Title
Community Wind Incentives in Leading Midwest States • Minnesota: • Production payment for projects under 2 MW. • Standard tariff and power purchase contract for wind projects under 2 MW. • Iowa: • Iowa Energy Bank- low interest loans. • Net metering- unlimited for matched loads. • Successful incentives address financing issues, provide access to capital, and/or strengthen the market for community wind. • More policy in 2005…2006…2007
New Community Wind Incentives in Minnesota and Iowa (2005 & 2006) • Minnesota: Community-Based Wind Energy Development (C-BED Tariff) • MN utilities required to establish a C-BED tariff based on the net present value of the energy. • Provides a long-term stable incentive for community wind projects. • Iowa: Tax Credit for Small Renewable Energy Projects(and expanded in 06) • For projects up to 2.5 MW owned by an Iowa resident, a farm operation or an electric cooperative. • Provides 1.5¢ per kilowatt-hour for 10 years for wind. • Available for up to 90 MW of wind starting in July ‘06.
New Community Wind Incentives in Minnesota and Nebraska (2007) • Minnesota: Community-Based Wind Energy Development (C-BED Tariff) • Refined • No cap on the PPA rate • New Legislation for Nebraska • C-BED
What do Community Projects Need? • Access to equipment • New and innovative ownership models • Low cost financing • Incentives that level the playing field • Market for energy • Pathway to market
Project Cost Escalation • Construction and equipment costs up 30-40% in last 2 years • Booming industry • Turbines and towers, construction teams and expertise are scarce • Rise of price for copper, steel and other materials • Higher transportation costs • Warranty contracts
Factors Driving the Market • MN - Political pressure on utilities • Renewable Energy Objective (not a mandate) • 800 MW goal of community projects from Governor’s office • IA – Incentives helping community projects compete with large wind projects and other resources • State Renewable Energy PTC • Low cost financing • Project owns Green Tags • General • Regulatory compliance (RES, REO, RPS, etc) • Utilities beginning to see wind as stable long term energy resource and a good investment • Maturing of wind industry • Familiarity with technology and industry players
New Transmission and Wind Resource Maps = New Planning Approach Find maps and study report at: www.windustry.org/dg Study performed by CapX 2020 Utilities
Policy Opportunities • Energy topics are hot at both the state and federal level Now is the time to open dialogue with elected officials
Next Steps: New Legislation • One Example: • US Senator Ken Salazar (CO) introduced s672 - Tax Exempt Bonds for Community Renewables • Letters of Support to Congress to urge: • Support of S.672 • Consider sponsoring it as well • Addressed to Members of : • Senate Finance Committee • House Ways & Means Committee • On your own letterhead • cc: : your own Senator and Salazar • More info (www.refcoalition.com)
Today • Wind energy is a huge business opportunity • With increasing constraints on regional transmission systems • Requires new thinking for bringing about a new clean energy system • Engaging local support is critical to almost every aspect of this business • Community wind has a vital role.
Contact Windustry 2105 First Avenue South Minneapolis, Minnesota 55105 toll free (800) 946-3640 Lisa’s phone (612) 870-3462 fax (612) 813-5612 Lisa’s e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org www.windustry.org