Emphasis on a note or chord PAUSE CAESURA Ending (The sign that indicates go to Coda) CODA Accent “From the Head” (Go back to the Beginning) Da Capo D.C. “From the Sign” (Go back to the Sign) D.S. Del Segno Double Bar Indicates the end of a piece or section Hold the note longer than the rhythm indicates Fermata Fine Ending “Finish” fine
Sforzando Sfz. Start FF, then back off quickly to pp, then Gradually cresc. back to FF ‘ Breath Mark Take a Breath Repeat back to the beginning or to the last facing repeat sign Repeat Sign Go back to this sign at a D.S. Segno Two of the same notes to be sung Together as one longer note. Tie
CHOIR TERMS VOCABULARY Window- To move so you can see the director in between two heads Stagger Breathe- To breathe when your neighbor doesn’t. Diction- Being able to understand what you are singing. D’s, T’s, N’s, etc. Pick-up – The notes leading into a measure. (usually one or two eighth notes).
Choir Terms Continued • Stress- Put emphasis on that syllable Example: MUS ‘ic. Which syllable has more stress? • Unison- Everyone sings the same part together. • Tutti – Everyone sings together (not necessarily the same part). • Enharmonic Note – Same note, although written differently ex. F#/Gb
Descant- A Harmony higher than the melody • Sight Read – Look at music for the first time • Round – everyone sings the same thing starting AND ending at the different times. • Canon – everyone sings the same thing starting at different times, but ending at the same time. • Voice Crossing – When the lower voices sing higher than the high voices and the high voices sing lower than the low voices.
Makes a note short and/or choppy Smooth flowing Legato A Marked attack. Stronger than an accent Marcato Staccato Religious Music Sacred Non-Religious Music Secular Introduction The measures the instrumentalists play Before the singers enter. Phrase A musical thought or sentence. Rehearsal Practice without an audience. What we do everyday in class.
Tempo Markings Adagio AtEase, Slow Broad, Slow Largo WalkingPace Andante MODERATE Moderato Cheerful, Fast Allegro Grave, Solemn Grave Slow Lento Vivace Quick, Lively Very Fast Presto Prestissimo As Fast as possible!
Change of Tempo Accelerando To get faster; accelerate To slow down Allargando Largando To slow down Rallentando Rall Gradually slowing down To gradually slow down rit Ritardando Slackening the tempo Sustenuto