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Comparison & Contrast in Literature. Applying terms dealing with duality to Slaughterhouse-Five. Wrap-up Question. Compare or contrast your character with one of the other two characters presented today: Write about the ONE KEY difference or similarity, then…

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comparison contrast in literature

Comparison & Contrastin Literature

Applying terms dealing with duality to Slaughterhouse-Five

wrap up question
Wrap-up Question
  • Compare or contrast your character with one of the other two characters presented today:
    • Write about the ONE KEY difference or similarity, then…
    • Explain what we as readers can learn from this comparison (state a theme).
duality in literature
Duality in Literature
  • Occurs all the time literature,comparing and contrasting creates focus and adds interest
  • Today we’ll review the most basic types of dualism…
        • Binaries
        • Foils
        • Juxtaposition
slide4
BinariesA broad term dealing with opposing or similar SETS of: ideas, characters, settings, scenes, objects

Binary = An idea or set constituted of two similar parts, sides, or features

Binary Opposition = An idea or set constituted of two opposite parts, sides, or features

binaries examples
Binary

Binary

Opposition

Binaries, examples
  • Optometrists & Tralfamadorians
  • Babies & Adults
foil deals exclusively with characters
Foildeals exclusively with characters

A character whose behavior and/or values contrast with those of another character in order to highlight the distinctive temperament of that character

foils examples
Foils, examples

Billy Pilgrim

Roland Weary

  • Kind
  • Indifferent
  • Not religious
  • Virgin
  • Wants to give up
  • Survives war
  • Evil
  • Spiteful
  • Bullet-proof Bible
  • Dirty picture
  • Wants to fight
  • Dies in war
juxtaposition usually deals with tangible objects images or specific topics or scenes
JuxtapositionUsually deals with tangible objects, images, or specific topics or scenes

A form of implied or obvious contrast created by placing two items side by side or close together, to compare/contrast the two, to show similarities or differences, or to highlight the distinctive features

juxtaposition examples
Juxtaposition, examples
  • “Billy Pilgrim nestled like a spoon with a hobo on Christmas night…” (90)
  • “Billy and his wife, Valencia, nestled like spoons in their big double bed.” (91)

“We were Mutt and Jeff in the war.” (5)

“Billy reeled away from his vision of Hell… He came to the door of the little hospital by accident. He went through the door, and found himself honeymooning again, going from the bathroom back to bed with his bride in Cape Cod.” (160)