Civil Law Ch. 17.1
Civil Law • Legal action against another person or group to collect damages • Lawsuit – case brought forth by a plaintiff to collect damages
Small Claims Court • Involve civil disputes under (in most states) $5000 • Generally don’t have lawyers – why? • You see small claims court all the time on TV • Judge Judy • People’s Court • Judge Mathis • Etc.
Suits of Equity • A case used to decide on a matter in which there is no existing law • Example: filing a lawsuit to force restaurants to put “hot coffee” warnings on cups
Injunction • Court order requiring a person to stop a certain action • Example: A judge orders a car company to stop making faulty automobiles • Judge’s ruling takes the effect of law
Jurisdiction of Civil Cases • Things that would be tried in civil courts: • Property disputes • Breach of contract • Family matters (custody, divorce, etc.) • Negligence • Personal injury