Torts: A Civil Wrong • In civil law, when a person commits a wrong, we call it a tort. • Plaintiff: the harmed individual in a civil law suit • Defendant: the wrongdoer in a civil law suit • Damages: money paid by the defendant to compensate for injuries
Liability • Liability: legal responsibility • This is not the same as moral responsibility-- • Tort law deals with two basic questions: • Who should be responsible for harm caused? • How much should the responsible person pay?
Tort Law • Tort law occurs when one person causes injury to another person, their property, or their reputation. • The injured party (plaintiff) takes the wrongdoer (defendant) to court. Tort law provides the plaintiff with a remedy (something to make up for what was lost). • Tort law establishes standards of care that society expects from people. You must act with reasonable care toward people and their property.