RC Workshop and AIMCAT Discussion (Verbal)

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RC Workshop and AIMCAT Discussion (Verbal). AIMCAT 1220-1216. RC pattern in the previous CAT papers. Overview of the Aimcats. Time allocation. Assuming a student gives equal time per section at the outset And also that a student tries to maximize his/her attempts in the verbal section

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### RC Workshop and AIMCAT Discussion (Verbal)

AIMCAT 1220-1216

Time allocation
• Assuming a student gives equal time per section at the outset
• And also that a student tries to maximize his/her attempts in the verbal section
• The equation would be : 20 Q = 45/40 mins

Time per passage : 10-12 mins

Time taken to solve the questions : 7 mins

T.I.M.E.

How to choose a passage?
• Subject of the passage (most important)
• No. of questions per passage [CAT 2010]
• Length
• Question type : Direct/Partial Inferential/Inferential

T.I.M.E.

RC subjects in the Aimcats

AIMCAT 1220

Passage I : Translation of books into digital formats

Passage II : Green initiatives

Passage III : The Criminal mind

AIMCAT 1219

Passage I : a look at genocide with Stalin as an example (Sub : history)

Passage II : state of affairs in democratic societies (Sub : politics)

Passage III : history is dependant on geography and social development

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RC subjects in the Aimcats
• AIMCAT 1218

Passage I : Buddhism : Stephen Batchelor’s understanding of Buddhism (Sub : Religion)

Passage II : Correlation between poverty and social problems (Sub : Economics)

Passage III : trace the origin of super-massive black holes (Sub : Cosmology)

• AIMCAT 1217

Passage I : book review : about climate science and global warming (Sub : ecology)

Passage II : Application of management principles (Sub : Management)

Passage III : ShyamBenegal and the New Indian cinema (Sub : Arts)

T.I.M.E.

RC subjects in the Aimcats
• AIMCAT 1216

Passage I : genesis of life on the Earth (Sub : anthropology)

Passage II : the various facets of Africa (the economic development) (Sub : Geopolitics)

Passage III : Efforts taken to prevent climate change (Sub : Climate change)

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Anthropology /Sociology/Culture
• http://samsmithessays.blogspot.com/2006/06/practicing-anthropology-without.html (anthropology)
• http://www.economist.com/node/15172496?story_id=15172496&source=hptextfeature (anthropology)
• http://beta.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/article432445.ece (Sociology)
• http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/06/gobekli-tepe/mann-text/1 (anthropology)

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History/Politics
• http://www.sydneyline.com/Historical%20Truth%20and%20Postmodernism.htm (history)
• http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-12522848 (history)
• http://www.historynet.com/the-war-over-plunder-who-owns-art-stolen-in-war.htm/1 (history)
• http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/07/opinion/07friedman.html?_r=3&ref=thomaslfriedman (politics)
• http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/africa_china/61408 (politics)
• http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/03/11/john-gilmers-last-stand/ (politics)

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Language/Arts/Literature
• http://www.guernicamag.com/blog/2734/julianne_escobedo_shepherd_8_c/ (literature)
• http://www.city-journal.org/2011/eon0517hm.html (education)
• http://www.nationalpost.com/todays-paper/most+influential+history/4788014/story.html (literature)

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Religion/Philosophy
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infinite_Monkey_Theorem (philosophy)
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simulacra_and_Simulation (philosophy)
• http://www.thehumanist.org/humanist/articles/dawkins.html (religion)
• http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/06/gobekli-tepe/mann-text/1 (religion)
• http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/6711.html (morality)

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• http://www.thehumanist.org/humanist/articles/dawkins.html (economics)
• http://www.guernicamag.com/blog/2734/julianne_escobedo_shepherd_8_c/ (economics)
• http://www.boston.com/bostonglobe/ideas/articles/2011/05/22/our_data_ourselves/?page=full (technology)
• http://moreintelligentlife.com/content/ideas/ian-leslie/are-artists-liars?page=full (psychology)

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A few other concepts related to RC

Style is the way in which an author presents his ideas on a particular subject.

Different types of Style:

• Factual
• Analytical
• Argumentative
• Narrative
• Descriptive
• Abstract

T.I.M.E.

Tones

Tone is the author’s attitude towards the central idea or the subject being discussed

Types of tones

Positive

Negative

Neutral : unbiased

disinterested

objective

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Positive tones
• Optimistic
• Assertive
• Euphemistic
• Surprise
• Didactic
• Nostalgic
• Passionate
• Ethical
• Laudatory
• Eulogistic
• Critical Appreciation

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Negative tones
• Negative
• Pessimism
• Condescending
• Critical
• Acerbic
• Caustic
• Vitriolic
• Ironic
• Shock
• Indignant
• Consternation
• Cynical
• Derisive
• Disparaging
• Dogmatic
• Sophistry
• Casuistry
• Incendiary

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Humour

Positive : when used for entertainment (PG Wodehouse);light-hearted, tongue in cheek, witty

Negative : when used to point out the fallacies in an individual or society

Negative humour tones:

• Sarcasm
• Mockery
• Satire
• Spoof

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Types of Question
• Direct questions : word based/phrase based / sentence based/quote based
• Partial Inferential : ‘except clause’
• Inferential : central idea , style , tone

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Direct Questions
• The 'shift in power' caused by the digitization of books implies that (1220)
• "Only 0.3 percent of Coca-Cola's drinks will come in Plant Bottles this year. They will, however, be consumed conspicuously". By this the author means one of the following. (1220)
•  Which of the following is closest to what the words, 'Perhaps 0.3 percent is some kind of magic number in green marketing circles' mean? (1220)
•  What does 'it' refer to in 'it's an unsettling thought'? (1220)

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Direct Questions
•  The 'primordial soup' and 'warm little pond' (1216)
• The author uses the phrase 'might give one pause' to ask which of the following questions? (1218)
• The word ‘murky’ in the passage implies [1217] {passage 2}
• What does ‘that’ stand for in ‘That is shame’ [1217] {Passage 1}
• The term ‘Russian obliviousness’ in the passage means [1219] {Passage 1}

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Inference based questions

Questions based on Central Idea

•  This passage (1216)
• In this passage, the author primarily (1218)
• In the given passage, the main purpose of the researchers is to (1218)
• In the final analysis, the reviewer’s take on the book under review is that : [1217] {passage 1}
• In this passage the author primarily : [1219] {Passage 2}

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PI questions
• According to the passage, all of the following features are true regarding Benegal’s “previous work” except …. [1217] {passage 3}
• According to the passage, all of the following statements regarding the ‘chaos’ in the factories are true, except …. [1217] {passage 3}
• Which of the following appears to be an unlikely outcome of the ‘consultant’s intervention’ [1217] {passage 2}
• Tim Flannery,as per the passage , is all the following except … [1217] {passage 1}

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PI questions
• According to the passage , Naimark’s book title is plural because : [1219] {Passage 1}
• The passage mentions some of the characteristics of the new middle class which emerged in the liberal states. Pick the exception. [1219] {Passage 2}

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Multiple Usage questions

Objective of these kind of questions in any entrance examinations

• The words given in these type of question are the commonly used words also called the high frequency words
• The objective of this question is to evaluate a student’s language proficiency unlike vocabulary based questions

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How to solve these questions?

Steps to be followed while solving these questions

• check the usage of the word in terms of the part of speech [there are eight parts of speech : noun,pronoun,verb,adverb,adjective,preposition,conjunction,interjection]
• The word in question could either be used as a noun or a verb.

E.g. the word nurse can be used in the following ways :

She works as a nurse in hospital. [noun]

She nursed me throughout my illness. [verb]

Do you nurse political ambitions ? [verb]

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Multiple usage continued
• if the word in question is used as a noun then check for the usage of the article [a,an,the] ; the error could be with the usage of article

E.g. Firm

• Lie on a firm mattress to avoid a backache.
• The new firm had several plans for expansion.
• This is a residential school and kids here need a firm hand to make them behave.

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Article usage for MU questions

The noun used in MU questions is generally a commonnoun [so we need not bother about the usage of the article ‘the’ with any other type of noun]

Common nouns : types : countable/uncountable

Countable nouns : can be physically counted and always take a plural form

Uncountable nouns : cannot be physically counted and do not take a plural form

They also do not take a article : hence if the word in question is an uncountable noun it would not take any article

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Template for the usage of articles for MU questions

Template for the usage of the indefinite articles (a, an)

• used with singular countable nouns : a book, an orange
• always used with a adjective of quality : a beautiful girl , an intelligent student
• Gives a positive connotation when used with an adjective of quantity e.g.. A few/a little

[difference between a , an : the choice between the two is determined by sound : before a word beginning with a vowel sound an is used : an enemy, an umbrella : before a word beginning with a consonant sound a is used : a boy, a girl ]

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Multiple usage contd
• If the word is used as a verb then the error could be with the preposition following it : a concept called ‘phrasal verbs’

E.g. Deal

• You begin a game by dealing 7 cards to each player.
• Parents find it difficult to deal with their children’s hostile and stubborn attitude.
• The nuclear deal between India and the US has sparked off a controversy.
• Judges usually deal in harsher sentences to repeat offenders

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If these don’t work then ….

Idioms : the error could be idiomatic (the incorrect idiom in terms of the meaning conveyed or in terms of the structure)

What are idioms?

They are phrases grammatically with an implied meaning [a phrase is a group of words without a finite verb]

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