Reform in the Gilded Age
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Reform in the Gilded Age. _________________: period in U.S. lasting from the 1870s-1890s marked by political ______________& extravagant spending. There sure seems to be a lot of w ealthy spending mixed with a large population of poor who are suffering….

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Reform in the gilded age

Reform in the Gilded Age

_________________: period in U.S. lasting from the 1870s-1890s marked by political ______________& extravagant spending

There sure seems to be a lot of wealthy spending mixed with a large population of poor who are suffering…

  • - 2/5 Americans were _______________________

  • “Gilded Age” comes from ___________________

  • Gilded: coated in a thin layer of gold paint, implying

  • falseness beneath the surface (cheap jewelry)

  • Politics

  • No true power behind parties

  • More _________________than anything else

  • Politics driven by ____________ including:

    • Fear that bankers, industrialists & wealthy were controlling politics at the expense of the public

    • __________& voter fraud would cause corruption

  • _______________________– practice of rewarding political

  • supporters with government jobs

  • ___________ : ability and worth versus politics

  • - Might have been effective…but Garfield was shot

  • - VP Chester Arthur takes over

  • & tries to work on reform

  • Civil Service Commission: 1883-conduct exams for federal jobs in order to fill them out based on merit

  • Civil Service: includes all federal jobs except elected offices & the military (about 40% jobs)

  • Regulating Big Business:

  • - ________________ controlled the government due to illegitimate politics

  • - Under Constitution the federal government had the power to regulate

  • - __________________________ : business that crossed state lines.

  • - Interstate Commerce Act: signed by President Grover Cleveland in 1887 – ____________________________________________________________

  • - The ____ (interstate commerce commission) oversaw these rules.

  • - Sherman Antitrust Act: prohibited business from trying to limit or destroy competition