the gilded age
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The Gilded Age. Mark Twain elegantly stated…. “Get rich; dishonestly if we can, honestly if we must.”. Corruption in Politics vocabulary. Political machines – powerful organizations that influenced city and county politics in the late 1800’s. Exchanged money and jobs for working-class votes

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mark twain elegantly stated
Mark Twain elegantly stated…

“Get rich; dishonestly if we can, honestly if we must.”

corruption in politics vocabulary
Corruption in Politics vocabulary
  • Political machines – powerful organizations that influenced city and county politics in the late 1800’s.
    • Exchanged money and jobs for working-class votes
  • Bosses – powerful leaders who ran the political machines
james bryce stated
James Bryce stated…

“[He] rewards the loyal, punishes the mutinous [disloyal]… [and] negotiates treaties. He generally avoids publicity… and is all the more dangerous because he sits, like a spider, hidden in the midst of his web.”

tammany hall and other corruption
Tammany Hall and other corruption…
  • William Marcy Tweed – Boss of Tammany Hall who was arrested [and later convicted] of stealingup to $200 million from the Boston City Treasury.
  • Ulysses Grant and the Whiskey Ring
  • Congress, the Union Pacific Railroad, and the Credit Mobilier of America
gilded age presidents
Gilded Age Presidents
  • Rutherford B. Hayes
  • James A. Garfield (assassinated)
  • Chester A. Arthur
  • Grover Cleveland (elected in 1884 and 1892)
  • Benjamin Harrison
  • William McKinley (assassinated)
election of 1892
Election of 1892
  • Harrison loses the popular vote in 1888 to Grover Cleveland, but still becomes president… how???
  • Harrison controls inflation and helps to pass the Sherman Antitrust Act
  • In 1892, Cleveland runs again, beating now incumbent president Benjamin Harrison
civil service reform
Civil Service Reform
  • Reaction to the corruption of the corruption of the Gilded Age
  • Pendleton Civil Service Act – law that creates a merit system for government employees
  • Today affects more than 90% of government jobs
  • http://www.scsc.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/civil_service_home/9164
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