GEF Ozone Programme. Links with the Montreal Protocol. GEF is an operational response to the Montreal Protocol in Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan (Art. 2)
Objective:Assist eligible countries in meeting their HCFC phase-out obligations under the Montreal Protocol, and strengthening capacities and institutions in those countries that still are faced with difficulties in meeting their reporting obligations.
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are organic compounds that are resistant to environmental degradation
POPs remain intact in the environment for long periods, become widely distributed geographically, accumulate in the fatty tissue of living organisms and are toxic to humans and wildlife.
The chemicals reach increased levels in upper food chains, especially in fish, predatory birds, mammals, humans.
During pregnancy (development of fetus’s foundational systems) and breastfeeding POPs are often passed on to the next generation damaging the immune and endocrine (growth and development) systems. Chemicals change reproductive systems as well.
- Endeavour to develop appropriate strategies for identifying sites contaminated by Annex A+B+C chemicals. Now attention: If remediation of those sites is undertaken it shall be performed in an environmentally sound manner
(1) Strengthening capacity for development and implementation of National Implementation Plans (NIPs)
(2) Partnering in investments needed for NIP implementation
(3) Generating and disseminating knowledge to address future challenges in implementing the Stockholm Convention
Objective (1)NIP Development: The GEF will continue to support eligible countries in meeting their obligation to develop and submit a NIP under the Stockholm Convention (enabling activities).
Objective (2)NIP Implementation: The GEF will strengthen and/or build the capacity required in eligible countries to implement their Stockholm Convention NIPs in a sustainable, effective and comprehensive manner.
Objective:The GEF will partner in investments needed for NIP implemen-tation to achieve impacts in the reduction of POPs production, use and releases, and reduce the stress on human health and the environment caused by POPs
- POPs phased out from use (tons and cost per ton per compound);
- POPs phased out from production (tons and cost per ton per compound);
- POPs destroyed in an environmentally sound manner (tons and cost per ton per compound and mode of destruction); and
- Reduced exposure to POPs, measured as the number of people living in close proximity to POPs wastes that have been disposed of or contained.
Objective (1). Demonstrations: In order to meet the future challenges that lay ahead, the GEF will support projects that demonstrate and promote the replication of environmentally sound, alternative products to POPs, or the substitution of materials and processes to prevent POPs formation.
Objective (2).GEF will support a limited number of targeted research activities where this would increase the quality and effectiveness of a significant portion of on-going and future GEF-funded POPs activities.