racial issues in the 1920 s n.
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Racial Issues in the 1920’s. 13.3. 800,000 African Americans migrated north to join the many who did during WWI More factory jobs in Northern cities Large black communities develop in: -Chicago – New York City – Detroit – Other Northern cities. The Great Migration.

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800,000 African Americans migrated north to join the many who did during WWI
  • More factory jobs in Northern cities
  • Large black communities develop in: -Chicago – New York City –
    • Detroit – Other Northern cities
the great migration
The Great Migration
  • Wanted better economic opportunities and less discrimination
  • Situation better but not perfect
  • Blacks first to lose jobs during early 1920s recession
  • Violence – race riots – racial tension still existed even in North
harlem renaissance
Harlem Renaissance
  • A cultural movement that embraced expression and equality for African-Americans
  • Centered in Harlem, NY-fashion, entertainment, nightlife
    • Mecca of “The New Negro”
  • Also influential to Blacks in Paris, Africa, and the Caribbean
harlem renaissance1
Harlem Renaissance
  • “The New Negro Movement”
    • Betterment of self, escape segregation and economic depravation
  • Emphasized racial pride, equality
    • Challenged racism, stereotypes
    • Promoted progressivism, socialism, and integration
    • A freedom of expression
themes and characteristics
Themes and characteristics
  • Sociological development, intellectualism
  • Folk traditions
  • Modern Black life
  • Show humanity
  • Modernism vs. Jazz
music
Music
  • Jazz and Blues: emotional, social, innovation
  • Duke Ellington-The Cotton Club
  • Louis Armstrong, Billie Holliday
slide9
Art
  • Visual, photography, painting, drawing, acting
  • Reality brought to life
  • Past experiences
  • Ambitions, dreams, goals
literary
Literary
  • Poets, playwrights,

novelists, essayists.

    • Inspire, influence,

Express, progress

  • New styles
  • Imitations of classic style
  • Publication
intellectual
Intellectual
  • W.E.B. Dubois
    • Sociologist, writer
    • NAACP founder; The Crisis
  • Marcus Garvey
    • Pan-Africanism-Unite all Africans
    • Black Nationalism-independent nation for all Blacks in Africa
    • UNIA (Universal Negro Improvement Association) “Back to Africa”
why the arts and literature
Why The Arts and Literature?
  • Saw them as an agent of change
  • Means of expression and self-determination
  • Way to inspire and connect
  • Open doors for new opportunities
impact
Impact
  • New identity for Blacks-from rural/ undereducated to urban/sophisticated
  • Players on the world stage
  • Self-determination
  • Set the stage for Civil Rights Movement
  • Inspiration for people worldwide
  • Movement towards integration
reestablishment of the klan
Reestablishment of the Klan
  • 1st Klan – 1865 - 1870
  • Reestablished in 1915
  • William Joseph Simmons –
    • Preacher
    • Brought the Klan back at Stone Mountain, GA
why did the klan come back
Why did the Klan come back?
  • Racism, industrialization, migration, immigration
  • Targeted African Americans, Catholics, Jews, and radicals like Communists
  • Staged mass rallies, kidnappings, beatings, and lynching's
lynching
Lynching
  • A form of violence, usually execution, outside the law to terrorize and intimidate a group of people
the fall of the klan
The Fall of the Klan
  • Rapid Rise – Early 1920s
  • Assisted by film Birth of a Nation
    • 6 million members in 1924
  • Rapid Decline – Late 1920s
    • 30,000 members in 1930
    • Today – 6,000 members
fall of the klan
Fall of the Klan
  • Decline Due To:
  • -Negative publicity
  • -D.C. Stevenson Rape Case
  • -Publicity of Klan violence
  • -Some law enforcement crackdowns
  • -Internal Klan corruption