Biophysiology. Was there a difference between the exercised personalities and the meditated personalities? What factors determine your scores? The nervous system underlies everything we do. Understanding biology is fundamental to understanding behaviour.
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Evolutionary effects can be studied on organisms with shorter lifespans – fruit flies, foxes, mice, etc.
Receptors – specialized structures capable of turning stimuli in the environment into electrical impulses in the body.
Sensory neurons carry signals from the outer parts of your body (periphery) into the central nervous system.
This would lead us to believe that, based on biology and brain functioning, what makes us human is our higher brain functions. What makes us more “advanced” is our rationality, our thinking, and our premeditation; not our emotions or our basic motivations.
Association areas are related to complex mental functions like speech, thinking, and remembering.
The precise locations of these activities can be discovered through lesions (damaged tissue) in the brain.
Explain one study related to localization of function in the brain
Examine one interaction between cognition and physiology in terms of behaviour. Evaluate two relevant studies.
Discuss the use of brain imaging technologies in investigating the relationship between biological factors and behaviour.
Discuss two effects of the environment on physiological processes.
Strengths – gives a colorful and dynamic picture of brain activity; shows structural changes that indicate problems before they can show up on MRI or CT scans
Various effects on metabolism; some effects on sexual behaviour
Increases sugar output of liver; stimulates various internal organs in the same direction as the sympathetic branch of the ANS.
One set of hormones (estrogen) produces female sex characteristics and is relevant to sexual behaviour.
Another hormone (progesterone) prepares uterus for implantation of embryo.
Produces male sex characteristics. Relevant to sexual arousal.Glands and their function