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Library Consortia for E -Journals: A New Wine in Old Bottle. I.R.N. Goudar Information Centre for Aerospace Science and Technology National Aerospace Laboratories Bangalore – 560 017 goudar@css.nal.res.in. Consortia.

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slide1

Library Consortia for E -Journals:

A New Wine in Old Bottle

I.R.N. Goudar

Information Centre for Aerospace Science and Technology

National Aerospace Laboratories

Bangalore – 560 017

goudar@css.nal.res.in

slide2

Consortia

Consortia is a Strategic Alliance of Institutions that have Common Interests

e journals stakeholders
E-journals stakeholders

User/Author

Publisher

Library Commercial/

Learned Society

Intermediary

Subscription Agent

Consortia

ingenta/Catchword/OCLC etc.

my e journal system must have or provide
My E-Journal System Must Have or Provide:
  • Comprehensiveness
  • Privacy
  • Accessibility
  • Flexibility
  • Current Awareness
  • It Must be User Friendly
  • It Must Improve Overall Performance
slide5

E-Journals Major Players

  • Primary publishers
  • Aggregators
  • Vendors
  • Subscription agents
  • Document delivery agencies
  • E-print systems
e journal consolidators
E-Journal Consolidators
  • Benefits for e-journal users
    • Only one search engine, not many
    • Only one, easy source for articles
    • Ability to customize
    • May offer archiving services (OCLC, Stanford’s HighWire only, so far)
    • BUT: no consolidator offers one single license for all journals
some e journal consolidators
Some E-Journal Consolidators
  • Blackwell Navigator: http://navigator.blackwell.co.uk/
    • About 700 titles as of late January
  • EBSCO Online: http://www.ebsco.com/online
    • About 1200 titles as of early January
  • Dawson’s Information Quest: http://www.informationquest.com/
    • About 1400 titles as of February
  • Ingenta Journals: http://www.ingenta.com
  • OCLC: http://www.oclc.org.oclc/menu/eco.html
    • About 1200 titles according to web site, but probably higher
  • Ovid: http://www.ovid.com
    • 300? titles, going to 400 soon
  • Swets: http://www.swetsnet.nl
    • 1212 titles available as of January
slide8

Consortia Goals

  • Increase the access base

More e-Journals

  • Rational utilization of funds

A little more pays a lot

  • Ensure the continuous subscription
  • Qualitative resource sharing

Effective document delivery service

  • Avoid price plus models

Pay for up-front products not for R&D

slide9

Consortia Goals ….Cont

  • Improved infrastructure
  • Enhanced image of the library

Visibility for smaller libraries

  • Improve existing library services

Boosting professional image

  • Harness developments in IT

Facilitate building digital libraries

  • Cost sharing for technical and training support
  • Increase user base

Access from desktops of users

slide10

Consortia Services

  • Ø  Union catalogues
  • Books, Journals, Technical Reports and Conference Proceedings
  • Ø      Shared library systems
  • Hardware, Software and other infrastructure
  • Ø      Shared professional expertise
  • Develop and realize consortia goals
  • Ø      Human resource development
  • Training staff and users
  • Ø      Electronic contents licensing for providing access to
    • Bibliographic databases, e-Journals, Full test reports, Conference
    • Proceedings etc.
  • Ø     Inter Library Lending and Document Delivery ….contd.
slide11

Consortia Services ….Cont

  • Electronic content loading

Contents generated by members and acquired on common server

  • Ø       Physical storage for archiving
  • Old back volumes and less used documents
  • Ø       Seminar/training programmes
  • Professional development to serve user community
  • Ø      Development of enabling technologies
  • IR systems, Portals and other web interfaces
  • Evolve standards for techniques, hardware, software and services

.

slide12

Consortia Models

Participants Oriented Models

  • Geographical location linked

Ex: - Bangalore Special Libraries Group

  • Libraries in the same discipline

Ex: - Aerospace Libraries Group

  • Libraries belonging to the same parent organization

Ex: - CSIR LICs

  • Libraries of academic organizations

Ex: - INFLIBNET

slide13

Consortia Models

Purpose Oriented Models

  • Consortia for accessing electronic journals
  • Consortia for avoiding duplicate collection
  • Consortia for training and library workshops
slide14

Consortia Models

Client Oriented Models

  • Clients according to their age

Ex: - Children, Senior Citizen

  • Clients according to their interest

Ex: - sports, game

  • Clients according to their educational background

Ex: - Technical, Professional

slide15

Consortia Values

Libraries Vs Publishers

slide16

Pricing Models

“No universally acceptable pricing models, but ongoing experimentation with lot of scope for negotiation”

slide17

Pricing Models in Operation

  • Bundled – Free with print
  • AIP, APS, AMS, Elsevier, Wiley
  • Print as base + surcharge on electronic
  • Premium payments range from10-25%
  • ACS (20%), OSA (25%)
  • Electronic only
  • Small increase (ACS 105%)
  • Same price (OSA)
  • Discount from print (AIP 80%, AMS 90%)
  • Totally unbundled – No discount for both
  • JBC (P- $ 1600, E- $1200, P+E- $ 2800)
  • Free e-version only
  • Charge for print if required
  • British Medical Journal

Continue…

slide18

Pricing Models in Operation

…Continued

  • Licensee Membership Fees
  • Usage based pricing
      • FTE users
      • Concurrent users
      • Site population
  • All titles of publishers with print optional
  • Subject clusters
  • Pay – per – view
  • Free completely – Differently funded
  • Extra fee for software

Continue…

slide19

Pricing Models in Operation

…Continued

  • Extra for value added services
  • Consortium discount
      • Number of sites
  • Consortium surcharge
      • Access to all consortia titles
      • All titles of publisher
  •  Subscription to core titles + Pay-per-view
slide23

Strong Links make Strong Consortia

Funding

Geographical

Coverage

Strategic

Mission

Library

Types

Consortia

Issues

Payment

Programs

Practical

Staffing

Service

Technology

Governance

Tactical

slide24

Indian Consortia Initiatives

  • INDEST
  • Consortia of IIMs
  • CSIR Consortia
  • FORSA (Forum for Resource Sharing in Astronomy and Astrophysics)
  • ICICI- Knowledge Park
  • ISRO Initiative
  • INFLIBNET Initiative
  • RGUHS- HELINET
slide25

CSIR Initiative

  • Access to >1300 E-Journals
  • Elsevier’s ScienceDirect
  • 40 CSIR Laboratories
  • IP Enabled Seamless Access
  • Central Funding
  • Price based on Print Subscription
  • Certain % of US $1.3 M
  • Springer, Kluwer, Blackwel, T & F, ACS, Etc
slide26

The UGC Model

  • INFLIBNET
  • Universities have a poor subscription base.
  • Traditional consortium models therefore do not apply.
  • Electronic access only models.
  • These should prove to be attractive to users as well as suppliers.
slide27

FORSA

  • Members of FORSA : IIA, IUCAA, NCRA, PRL, RRI, TIFR, SO and CASA-OU..
  • Facilitate e-access to journals
  • Actively participate in resource sharing
  • Document delivery (e-mail, fax and speed post)
  • Database merging of all libraries holdings
  • We have gone into two consortia formation, viz.
  • Indian Astrophysics Consortium- with (KLUWER);
  • FORSA Consortium for Nature On - Line – with (Nature Publishing).
slide29

COMSAC

  • Publisher – Cambridge Scientific Abstracts
  • Consortium Leader – NAL
  • Open Consortium
  • Consortium For Material Science And Aerospace Collection
  • 25 - 40% Discount
slide30

Consortia Constraints Specific to Indian Libraries

  • Lack of awareness about consortia benefits
  • Slow acceptance of e-information by the users.
  • Difficulties in changing the mind setup of librarians
  • Maintenance and balancing both physical and DL
  • Inadequate funds
  • Single point payment
  • Rigid administrative, financial and auditing rules
  • Problems of defining asset against payment
slide31

Consortia Constraints Specific to Indian Libraries

  • Pay-Per-View not yet acceptable
  • Uncertainty about the persistence of digital resources.
  • Lack of infrastructure for accessing electronic sources
  • Unreliable telecom links and insufficient bandwidth

( But lot of developments in pipeline)

  • Lack of appropriate bibliographic tools
  • Lack of trained personnel for handling new technologies
  • Absence of strong professional association
  • Big brother attitude
slide32

FEW SITES LISTING

CONSORTIA OF LICs

  • Michigan Electronic Library
  • http://mel.lib.mi.us/
  • National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM)
  • http://www.nnlm.nlm.nih.gov/
  • Oakland Library Consortium (OLC)
  • http://www.library.cmu.edu/OLC/index.html
  • Online Computer Library Center (OCLC)
  • http://www.oclc.org/
  • PALINET
  • http://www.palinet.org/
slide33

FEW SITES LISTING

CONSORTIA OF LICs

  • Pennsylvania Academic Library Connection Initiative
  • (PALCI)
  • http://www.lehigh.edu/~inpalci/
  • Research Libraries Group, Inc. (RLG)
  • http://www.rlg.org/
  • SOLINET The Southeastern Library Network
  • http://www.solinet.net/
slide34

Summary

  • Library consortia are a growth industry
  • Consortial models are different, but they share many
  • common interests
  • Consortia increasingly will work together
  • Becoming a potent economic and political force
  • Areas of concern:
  •  Reduce the unit cost of e-information
  • Facilitate or build technology infrastructures
  • Improve overall resource sharing among members
  • Provide an effective information infrastructure
slide36

Tail Piece

“ Man can live individually, but can survive only collectively. Hence, our challenge is to form a progressive community by balancing the interests of the individual and that of the society. To meet this we need to develop a value system where people accept modest sacrifices for the common good”

From Vedas – As quoted by Mr. Narayanamurthy (IFOSYS)