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Synoptic Gospels. Vocab. Gospel = Good News Message of Christ & salvation Also preaching/writing that message Synoptic: “seen together” Many similarities with each other Telling the story Four Evangelists Spreading the Word Gospel Writers Matthew, Mark, Luke, John. Age.

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vocab
Vocab
  • Gospel = Good News
    • Message of Christ & salvation
    • Also preaching/writing that message
  • Synoptic: “seen together”
    • Many similarities with each other
    • Telling the story
  • Four Evangelists
    • Spreading the Word
    • Gospel Writers
    • Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
slide3
Age
  • Tradition: Matthew is the oldest
  • Later scholarship puts Mark first
  • First Century AD (within a generation or two)
    • Mark: 67-73 AD
    • Matthew & Luke: 80s AD
slide4
“Q”
  • Unknown author
    • Lost to us now
  • Common stories for Matthew & Luke
    • Mark had his own sources
  • Matthew & Luke also had unique sources
    • M & L, respectively
symbolism
Symbolism
  • Many early Christians illiterate
    • Pictures became universal symbols
  • Gospel writers had a symbol
    • All symbols have wings: angels & heaven
    • Matthew: man – reason & Incarnation
    • Mark: lion - courage
    • Luke: ox - sacrifice
slide6
Mark
  • Disciple of Peter
    • Writing in Rome
    • Audience: Romans & other Gentiles
  • Highlights deeds, not words
    • Follow in the footsteps of Jesus (WWJD)
  • Uniquely: begins with his baptism
    • Skips the nativity & childhood
mark s jesus
Mark’s Jesus
  • Son of God
    • “Christ” / Messiah
    • Son of Man: a prophecy from Daniel about the Messiah’s title
      • Suffering Servant of man (Isaiah’s servant songs)
      • Come in glory but also suffer and sacrifice
  • Human
    • Angry
    • Curses a fig tree
    • People do think poorly of him
    • Sleeps
matthew
Matthew
  • A Jewish scribe
    • Connected with the apostle Matthew
    • Writing for his fellow Jewish Christians
    • Criticizes other Jewish communities
    • Only Gospel to mention organization & rules
  • Jewish elements:
    • Fulfillment of the Messiah prophecies (“Son of David”)
    • References to Israel & Scripture quotes
jesus as the new moses
Jesus as the New Moses
  • Emphasis of Jesus as a teacher
    • Title of Rabbi
    • 5 major “books” within Matthew, each centered on a sermon
  • Jesus gives a New Law, replacing the Old Law of Moses
    • New Covenant of Jeremiah
slide10
Luke
  • Gentile Christian
    • Also wrote the Acts of the Apostles
    • Doctor, traveling companion of St. Paul
  • St. Paul was the major evangelist to the non-Jews in early Christianity
  • Audience: other Gentile Christians (Hellenistic culture)
luke cont d
Luke, cont’d
  • Highlights Jerusalem as a physical center of the faith
  • 2 Themes
    • Gospel a cause for celebration
    • Jesus saves Jews & Gentiles alike
  • Let Jesus into our hearts so that we may be transformed
jesus in luke
Jesus in Luke
  • Forgiving
    • Dines with tax collectors & sinners
    • “Father, forgive them; they know not what they do” (Lk 23:34)
  • Gentleness, compassion & sensitivity
    • Healing love
    • Openness to women (praise of his mother)
  • Jesus seeks out the outcasts
    • Lepers & Samaritans