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Chapter 13: Skimming and Scanning. Efficient and Flexible Reading , 7/e Kathleen T. McWhorter. In this chapter you will learn:. To skim to get an overview of an article. To scan to locate specific information quickly.

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chapter 13 skimming and scanning

Chapter 13: Skimming and Scanning

Efficient and Flexible Reading, 7/e

Kathleen T. McWhorter

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers

in this chapter you will learn
In this chapter you will learn:
  • To skim to get an overview of an article.
  • To scan to locate specific information quickly.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers

skimming
Skimming is reading selectively to get a general idea of what an article is about.

Read some parts/skip others.

Look for the most important ideas.

Read for main ideas.

Skip facts and details.

Skimming

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers

purposes for skimming
Skim through a review of the metric system if you already are familiar with it.

Skim a section of a reference book if you are looking for specific information.

Skim a newspaper report if you wish only to understand the main events.

Skim a movie review to make a decision on seeing a movie.

Purposes for Skimming

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers

how to skim
How to Skim
  • Read the title.
  • Read the subtitle or introductory byline.
  • Read the headings.
  • Read the first sentence of each paragraph.
  • Read the key words.
  • Read the title or legend of graphics.
  • Read the last paragraph or summary.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers

use skimming effectively
Use Skimming Effectively
  • Preview skimming
  • Overview skimming
  • Review skimming

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers

limitations of skimming
Limitations of Skimming
  • Cannot expect to retain facts and details.
  • Expect 50% comprehension rate.
  • Use only when reading for general concepts.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers

alternating skimming and reading
Alternating Skimming and Reading
  • In a given article, you can skim several sections until you come to a section that is of particular interest or that fulfills your purpose for reading.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers

skimming internet sources
Skimming Internet Sources
  • Scroll through the document by using the down arrow or page down key.
  • Scroll through the entire document quickly, noticing the major headings, graphics, and length before you read.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers

skimming textbook chapters
Skimming Textbook Chapters

Focus on:

  • Chapter objectives and introductions.
  • Headings and typographical aids.
  • Graphic and visual aids.
  • Review and discussion questions.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers

skimming reference sources
Skimming Reference Sources

Skim for the:

  • Date.
  • Organization of the source.
  • Topical index.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers

skimming newspaper articles
Skimming Newspaper Articles

Read the:

  • Title.
  • Opening paragraphs.
  • First sentences of remaining paragraphs.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers

skimming magazine articles
Skimming Magazine Articles

Read the:

  • Title/subtitle/byline.
  • Opening paragraphs.
  • Photograph/captions.
  • Headings/first sentences.
  • Last several paragraphs.

Read Photograph Captions.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers

skimming nonfiction books
Skimming Nonfiction Books

Read the:

  • Front and back cover of the book jacket.
  • Author’s credentials.
  • Table of contents.
  • Preface.
  • First and last chapters.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers

scanning
Scanning

Scanning is searching for a specific piece of information; your only purpose is to locate that information.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers

scanning16
Scanning
  • Check the Organization.
  • Form Specific Questions.
  • Anticipate Word Clues.
  • Identify Likely Answer Locations.
  • Use a Systematic Pattern.
  • Confirm Your Answer.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers

scanning columnar materials
Scanning Columnar Materials
  • Check overall organization.
  • Scan for a specific word, phrase, name, date, or place name.
  • Use the arrow scanning pattern… straight down the column.
  • Focus on the first letter of each line.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers

scanning prose materials
Scanning Prose Materials
  • Let your eyes drift quickly through a passage searching for clue words and phrases.
  • Move your eyes across sentences and entire paragraphs, noticing only the clue words to locate an answer.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers

summary questions
Summary Questions
  • What is skimming?
  • What steps should you follow to skim effectively?
  • What are the three types of skimming?
  • What is scanning?
  • What steps are involved in the process of scanning?

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers

critical reading tip 13 anticipating your reading assignments
Critical Reading Tip #13: Anticipating Your Reading Assignments
  • What is the difficulty level of the material?
  • How it it organized?
  • What is the overall subject and how is it approached?
  • What type of material is it?
  • Are there logical breaking points where you might divide the assignment into portions, leaving a portion for later study?
  • At what points might you stop and review?
  • What connections are there between this assignment and class lectures?

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers

visit the companion website
Visit the Companion Website

http://www.ablongman.com/mcwhorter

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers