Social Darwinism. t heory developed by philosopher Herbert Spencer from Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution argued that society progresses through competition, with the fitting rising to positions of wealth and power. Social Darwinism II.
theory developed by philosopher Herbert Spencer from Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution
argued that society progresses through competition, with the fitting rising to positions of wealth and power
When firms bought up everything from the production process. Anything from raw materials to transportation and distribution.
A distributing meat company had discovered that the leftover meat from the cows could make glue. So the owner opened up a glue company and this saved money, and made production more efficient.
Edison was a very innovative man, especially with communication technology. He developed a newer telegraph model that had the ability to send four simultaneous messages. Later on, he even invented and patented a telegraphic stock ticker. Overall, Thomas Alva Edison made a crucial contribution to the Industrial Revolution.Explanation
One of the most significant advances in communication in the 1800’s developed Samuel F.B Morse.
This device made an impact on the way people communicated with others. Morse’s dot-and-dash code could send an operator a business order to go to a close destination in minutes. The telegraph would send information for businesses, the government, newspapers, and to private citizens. The leading telegraph company was Western Union, which had more than 2,000 telegraph offices. The railroad had increased along with the telegraph, a main reason was because telegraph companies were put in every train stations.
This connects to talking on a phone. You “tele” person with a telegraph.
A project to connect the east and west by railroads. The union pacific and central pacific met in the middle to complete this.
After the Bessemer process, there was a significant growth in railroad expansion. Railroads used to be used only for local transportation. Over a short period of time there was a great expansion and it made life easier. The first transcontinental railroad was finished in 1869. the union and central pacific railroads joined to make a single line from Nebraska to the Pacific Ocean.
Trans means to go across and you are going across the USA from one end to the other.
Exclusive right to manufacture or sell inventions
A patent gives you the excusive right to use, make, or sell an invention. Elijah McCoy received a patent for his invention to protect his rights. Today most inventors and business owners get patents so that others cannot take their ideas.
On Shark Tank many inventors patent their inventions so that their ideas aren’t stolen.
In my mind the Bessemer process is a process of steelmaking that burned of the impurities in iron with hot air. The Bessemer process also could produce as much steel in a day than old ways used to produce in a week. This process definitely effected the steel industry and the industrial revolution.
Communism- political theory that proposes that all people should collectively own property and the means of production and that individual ownership should not be allowed
Communism is a political way of thinking in which everyone is equal in every possible way. There’s no ‘private property’ and this concept would be called ‘common ownership’. In addition to this, there wouldn’t be any classes or states, resulting in a completely equal (or utopian, which was meant to be another result of communism) society.
In 1892 at Andrew Carnegie’s Homestead Steel Works in Homestead Pa, workers went on a strike to protest wage cuts. The managers responded by a lock out and hired 300 guards to protect the plant. A crash between the strikers and guards led to 16 deaths.
The workers were mad about wage cuts, so they went on a strike. The managers of the steel works had made a lock out and hired 300 guards to protect the steel works. Between the workers and guards there was violence, which happened to kill 16 people. This all happened in Homestead, Pennsylvania at Andrew Carnegie’s Homestead Steel Works. This is also called the Homestead Strike.
A way to remember this is that is happened at a steel works in Pennsylvania and the Pittsburgh football team is called the Steelers.
A year of intense strikes and violent labor confrontations.
*made a compressed-air brake increased railroad safety by enabling the locomotive and all its cars to stop at the same time
*also developed a transformer that could transmit a high voltage alternating current allowed continued expansion of the use of electricity in urban households and industry
OTHER PEOPLE INVENT TRAIN PARTS TODAY, TO IMPROVE THEM!
Marshall Field in Chicago
R.H. Macy in New York City
John Wanamaker in Philadelphia
Incident in which a bomb exploded during a labor protest held in Haymarket Square in Chicago, killing several police officers
The riot was a misunderstanding between the workers, and their employer Haymarket. Haymarket cut everyone’s wage down so much that they went on strike. The strikers were having a rally and police officers came to remove them, a bomb went off and killed seven officers. In retaliation the police arrested eight anarchists that could have conspired to do this. Only one of them was present at the time of the bombing.
This riot can be connected to today’s strikes. Big corporations of workers that refuse to work. Locally we had a strike in Neshaminy school district. The teachers refused to work until they got what they wanted. This is very similar to the Haymarket Riot, but without the violence.
Definition- The American Federation of Labor was a union that worked too advance the interests of skilled workers.
After the Great Upheaval many skilled workers joined this union founded by Samuel Gompers in 1886. The American Federation of Labor organized independent craft unions into a group that worked to advance the interests of skilled workers.
A connection for the American Federation of labor could be to remember that like today, we are trying to improve the interests of workers like they were in the AFL.
Passed by the US government to ban abusive monopolies
Avoided monopolies that would destroy the government
Made it illegal for companies to seek a monopoly on a product
Prevented huge monopolies from gaining too much control
Did not allow forming trusts to get rid of all competition
Anti means against
Anti is in the word Antitrust
The Sherman Antitrust Act was against abusive monopolies
Pioneer of the railroad industry and was the third richest man in America’s history.
Vanderbilt dominated the railroad industry and his money is equal to 185 billion dollars today. He also controlled lines connecting Chicago, Cleveland, New York, and Toledo.
He owned New York Central Railroad, which was later merged with Pennsylvania railroad and created the Penn Central Transportation Company, was a railroad that transported out of Philadelphia.
Taking control of other companies producing the same product
By: Griffin Smith
This term means to me to buy out all of your competitors.
Rockefeller did this to the oil business and he told the men whose companies he was buying that they would get a share of his stock Standard Oil if they gave them the rights to their companies.
Some major companies today that are horizontally integrated are Pepsi, Oracle, and Amazon
When ever you think about Horizontal Integration think about Rockefeller because his company began from buying out others.
Real success was reducing production costs
Was an American industrialist and philanthropist.
One of the founders of the Standard Oil Company.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by the government to an inventor for a limited period of time, in exchange for the public acknowledgement of the invention.
A right given to you by the government that allows you to sell, use, or make your invention
This right is protected and you're only allowed to possess it for a period of time
Formed by the Central Pacific railroad and the Union Pacific railroad from Omaha, Nebraska to the Pacific. The Pacific railroad act allowed the building of the railroad.
By: Jack Geiger
By: Kelsey Gallagher
Pioneer of communication and technology. Edison and fellow researchers made significant discoveries and advances in electricity, light bulbs, phonographs, and early motion-picture cameras.
First major invention was the telegraph of up to 4 messages over the same wire at the same time.
Thomas Edison made many advances with electricity involving the telegraph and the light bulb.
Edison and Electricity both begin with E
Definition: Theory that opposes government regulation of economic matters
The picture represents citizens opposing the government and wanting to shut them down for regulation matters
Free EnterpriseBelief that the economy will prosper if businesses are left free from government regulation and allowed to compete in a free market.
Only the “fittest” rise to power.
To remember Social Darwinism remember the two S’s
Trust – Arrangement grouping several companied under a single board of directors to eliminate competition and to regulate production.
Monopoly – Exclusive economic control of an industry.
By: Shaun Boggs
Efficient method of making steel; developed by British inventor Henry Bessemer and American inventor William Kelly in the 1850s
A way of making steel by putting the molten iron in a container and blasting air through the container to get rid of the impure materials.
Bessemer iron: because Henry Bessemer created this process and they make the steel in a pig iron