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Legislative Branch. CONGRESS. Congress is in charge of the Legislative Branch BICAMERAL: Made up of two houses House of Representatives - Representation is based on population Senate - Representation is equal (2 per state). Qualifications and Terms. Qualifications and Terms.

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congress
CONGRESS
  • Congress is in charge of the Legislative Branch
    • BICAMERAL: Made up of two houses
      • House of Representatives

- Representation is based on population

      • Senate

- Representation is equal (2 per state)

qualifications and terms
Qualifications and Terms
  • Qualifications and Terms
unit 11 w t l
Unit 11 W-T-L
  • Why are the qualifications for Senators more rigid than for the House of Representatives?
congressional districts
Congressional Districts
  • If a state has more than one representative, district lines are drawn.
    • Determined every 10 years by the CENSUS
  • All districts must have the same number of CONSTITUENTS (voters).
slide7
GERRYMANDERING: Drawing of odd shaped districts to skew representation.
    • This is gives one group of people (political party, race, socioeconomic status, etc.) an unfair advantage
    • This is illegal
nc representatives
NC Representatives
  • Senator Richard Burr
  • Senator Kay Hagan
  • Representative Virginia Foxx (District 5)
  • Representative Patrick McHenry (District 10)
congressional leaders
Congressional Leaders
  • The party with the most members is the majority party.
  • The party with the least members is the minority party.
  • Floor leaders: Chief spokesperson for their party
  • Party whip: Keeps track of voting attendance and party loyalty.
write to learn
Write-To-Learn

2. Why are representatives encouraged to vote in favor of their political party?

slide15
HOUSE

OF

REPS

Majority Floor Leader: Eric Cantor

Minority Floor Leader: Nancy Pelosi

Majority Whip: Kevin McCarthy

Minority Whip:

Steny Hoyer

slide16
SENATE

Majority Floor Leader: Harry Reid

Minority Floor Leader: Mitch McConnell

Majority Whip:

Richard Durbin

Minority Whip: John Cornyn

congressional leaders continued
Congressional Leaders continued…
  • Speaker of the House: Leader of the House of Representatives.
        • John Boehner (R) from OH
  • According to the constitution, the vice-president is the leader of the Senate.
        • Joseph Biden (D) from CA
  • President pro tempore: Day to day leader of the Senate.
        • Patrick Leahy (D) from VT
          • age 73, served 39 years
perks
Perks
  • Franking Privilege
  • Free trips to home state
  • Great life insurance and medical benefits
  • $174,000 salary (for regular member)
    • 193,400 for Congressional Leaders
    • 223,500 for Speaker of the House
punishments
Punishments
  • Expulsion
    • James Traficant OH 2002
  • Censure
    • Charles Rangel NY 2010
  • Reprimand
    • Joe Wilson SC 2009
congressional committees
Congressional Committees
  • Discuss, research, and revise bills.
    • “Congress at work”.
    • 90% of bills die in committee
  • Standing: Permanent committees specializing in a certain area. Divided into subcommittees.
  • Select: Temporary committees formed to complete a task.
  • Joint: Members of both houses meet together.
            • pg181
committee membership
Committee Membership
  • Seniority system: Desirable positions are given to those members who have served the longest.
      • Majority party has the majority on all committees.
how a bill becomes a law
How a Bill Becomes a Law
  • Where do bills come from??
    • Grassroots
    • President
    • Special interest groups (M.A.A.D.)
  • Only Senator/Representative can present
stepping stones
Stepping Stones
  • You are assigned a step in the process of how a bill becomes a law
  • Create a stepping stone that has a visual symbol of your step.
    • Some people may need to create several stones
  • On the back of your stone, explain how your step works in your own words
how a bill becomes a law continued
How a Bill Becomes a Law continued
  • Step 1: Introduction
    • In the House of Reps., a bill is dropped into the “hopper” box and assigned to a committee.
    • In the Senate, a senator submits a bill to the clerk for a reading and committee assignment.
how a bill becomes a law continued1
How a Bill Becomes a Law continued
  • Step 2: Committee Action
    • They can reject the bill immediately.
    • They can pigeonhole a bill. (Set it aside).
    • They can research and approve the bill.
    • They can change any and all aspects of a bill.
      • Can add to it:
        • Pork-barrel appropriation (“bringing home the bacon”)
        • Riders
        • Earmarks
how a bill becomes a law continued2
How a Bill Becomes a Law continued
  • Step 3: Floor Debates
    • Representatives in the house have a time limitation.
    • Senators can filibuster a bill. (Talk it to death).
    • Cloture: Limit the time senators may talk. Requires a 3/5 vote.
  • Step 4: Voting
    • Must have a simple majority (51%) for the bill to continue
      • Otherwise it dies
how a bill becomes a law continued3
How a Bill Becomes a Law continued
  • Step 5: Sent to other house of Congress
    • Step 6: Committee Action (again)
    • Step 7: Floor Debates (again)
    • Step 8: Voting (again)
  • Step 9: Conference Committee
    • Members of both houses meet to make a single version of a bill.
  • Step 10: Final Vote
    • Both houses must vote to approve the final draft
how a bill becomes a law continued4
How a Bill Becomes a Law continued
  • Step 11: Presidential Action
    • Sign a bill into law. = Process is done!
    • Veto a bill (reject). = Back to Congress
    • Pocket veto: Take no action for 10 days.
      • Congress is in session after 10 days = the bill becomes a law and process is done
      • Congress is not in session after 10 days = the bill is rejected and process is done
how a bill becomes a law continued5
How a Bill Becomes a Law continued
  • Step 12 (Sometimes)
    • If the president chooses to veto the bill, it goes back to Congress
    • They vote to decide if they want to override the veto and pass the law without the president’s approval
      • Requires a 2/3 majority to override
slide32
Step 1

Step 2

Step 6

Step 3

Step 7

Step 4

Step 8

Step 9

Step 10

Step 11 (?)

school house rocks
School House Rocks!!
  • http://www.schooltube.com/video/89a42a6866404f4baab7/Im-Just-a-Bill
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