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Connecticut Junior Soccer Association. US Soccer Federation STATE E CERTIFICATION COURSE. ENJOY!!!. Dynamics of a Coaching Course. Candidates in a coaching course can be placed into three different groups:. 1 – Those who want to learn (very motivated).

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Us soccer federation state e certification course l.jpg

Connecticut Junior Soccer Association

US Soccer FederationSTATE E CERTIFICATION COURSE



Dynamics of a coaching course l.jpg
Dynamics of a Coaching Course

Candidates in a coaching course can be placed into three different groups:

1 – Those who want to learn (very motivated)

2 – Those who are there for the “piece-of-paper” (moderately motivated)

3 – Those who are forced to attend (not motivated)

Which One Are You?


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Are licensed coaches “better” coaches than those who are not licensed ?

Does a “higher” license mean the coach is better than those with a lesser license?

“There is no prescription to football”


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Course Introduction not licensed ?

  • Prepare coaches working with players U11 and up

  • Expanding knowledge and understanding of technical and tactical demands of the game

  • Provide an understanding of coaching methodology

  • Prepare you for the next level – USSF National “D” License

  • Empower you with things you can use immediately!

  • Motivate you to want to continue your coaching education

  • Give you as much information as possible to help you improve

  • Empower you with resources for future self-education


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How You Complete the Course not licensed ?

  • Perfect attendance

  • Successful completion of take-home written examinations

  • Successful planning/execution of field practice coaching session (group work)


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Ground Rules not licensed ?

  • No cellular phones

  • Respect the opinions of others

  • Early is on time

  • You are responsible for everything in the manual

  • If you don’t understand something…ASK!!!

  • Each candidate must be prepared to play at each session

  • Each candidate must bring a properly inflated size 5 soccer ball to each session


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US Soccer Hierarchy not licensed ?

United States Soccer Federation

USSF

National and Olympic Teams

United States Youth Soccer Association

USYSA

55 National State Associations, 4 Regions

5 Million Registered Players

National Soccer Coaches Association

NSCAA

American Youth Soccer

Organization

(AYSO)

Soccer Association for Youth

(SAY)

Connecticut Junior Soccer Association

CJSA

Region 1

www.cjsa.org


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METHODS OF COACHING not licensed ?

STATE E CERTIFICATION COURSE


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Connecticut Junior Soccer Association not licensed ?

THE GAME - WHAT IS SOCCER?

  • It is a competitive game made difficult by the opponent.

  • It has an objective to achieve - to win the game.

  • It has rules to follow and a field to play on.

  • It is free flowing - No time outs or stoppages for coaching.

  • Players must solve the problems presented in the game - not the coach.


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Connecticut Junior Soccer Association not licensed ?

THE GAME IS THE BEST TEACHER

  • The game presents the problems for the players.

  • Players must solve the problems.

  • Using games in training creates realism.

  • Players are motivated and challenged to learn through the game.


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“If you’ve ever driven a car not licensed ?

With three kids screaming

and fighting in the backseat,

think about this: Does it tend

to pull your attention away

from the task at hand? Do

you ever feel overloaded? If

you add more pressure to that

car ride, such as an icy road,

can you handle all that at

once? That’s exactly what

coaches do when they yell at

kids to do something: They

distract them. They create

“cognitive overload.”

(pg. 161, Just Let the Kids

Play)


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USING SMALL-SIDED GAMES TO TEACH not licensed ?

Small-sided games emphasize these areas of player development:

  • Skill development - number of touches on the ball.

  • Tactical development - decision making is expanded.

  • Fun and enjoyment - the number of scoring opportunities is greatly increased.

  • Game understanding - positional play is greatly expanded.

  • Intuitive development - Transitional play is increased and becomes automatic.


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Attacking Opportunities not licensed ?

Dribbling to take on opponents

Dribbling into Space

Passing

Receiving

Shooting

Player Involvement

Defending Opportunities

Tackling

Intercepting

Reading the Game

Stopping Shots

Distribution

Player Involvement

USING SMALL-SIDED GAMES TO TEACH


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TOUCHES ON THE BALL not licensed ?(A Comparison Between 11v11, 7v7 and 4v4)

In 1997 three different games were assessed by Glen Buckley

Director of Coaching NYSWYSA.

  • 11v11 friendly game, 22 touches in 60 minutes

    (0.37 touches on the ball per minute)

  • 7v7 games, 205 touches in 48 min., projected touches in 60 min. = 256 (4.3 touches on the ball per minute)

  • 4v4 games, 217 touches in 48 min., projected touches in 60 min. = 271 (4.5 touches on the ball per minute)

The player in the 4v4 game touched the ball 12.31 more times, in the same time period, that the player in the 11v11 game.


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TOUCHES ON THE BALL not licensed ?(A Comparison Between 11v11, 7v7 and 4v4)

In 2001, the assessment was conducted again:

  • 11v11 friendly game, 19 touches in 60 minutes

    (0.32 touches on the ball per minute)

  • 7v7 games, 96 touches in 40 min., projected touches in 60 min. = 144 (2.4 touches on the ball per minute)

  • 4v4 games, 111 touches in 20 min., projected touches in 60 min. = 333 (5.5 touches on the ball per minute)

The player in the 4v4 game touched the ball 12.31 more times, in the same time period, that the player in the 11v11 game.


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Connecticut Junior Soccer Association not licensed ?

WHAT IS PLAYER DEVELOPMENT?

Player development demands that the player is central to all

decisions made regarding training and competition.

The coach who believes in player development will ensure that the following objectives are met:

  • Activities are enjoyable.

  • Each player has a ball during training.

  • Technical and tactical situations are created in each session.


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WHAT IS PLAYER DEVELOPMENT?

  • Competition is a main ingredient within each practice.

  • Educate players to have an appreciation for the game, team mates, opponents, referees and coaches.


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Connecticut Junior Soccer Association not licensed ?

Role of the Coach

* Set up conditions and environment for learning

*Create activities geared for success

* Practice should be about learning and enjoyment

* Coach must be enthusiastic

*Players need to have fun and receive positive feedback


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Your Team not licensed ?

The Parents

Your Staff

Opposing Coaches

Officials

The Game

Soccer Committees

Role of the Coach

As a positive role model you should demonstrate respect for:


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HOW TO TEACH not licensed ?

STATE E CERTIFICATION COURSE


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PRINCIPLES OF COACHING not licensed ?

  • ORGANIZATION: Practice Plan, Time Factor, Equipment, Practice Area, Number of Players

  • DEMONSTRATION: A picture paints a 1000 words

  • OBSERVATION: Both for failure and success

  • INFORMATION: Feedback is guiding the players to

    success


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Coaches Tool Kit not licensed ?

Uninterrupted Play= Establish Rhythm

Coachable Moments

Conditions of the Game to Coach the Theme

Natural Stoppages

Flow of the Game

Individual Player

Freeze Method


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CREATING A FRAMEWORK not licensed ?

METHODOLOGY: Is the manner in which the game is presented to the players. It is merely a framework to enable coaches to focus on coaching the player.

Types of practice sessions:

  • Technical

  • Tactical

  • Fitness

  • Functional


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COMPONENTS OF THE GAME not licensed ?

There are four pillars of the game:

  • TECHNICAL - Individual

  • TACTICAL - Individual, Group, Team

  • FITNESS - Endurance (aerobic /anaerobic), flexibility, agility, speed (physical, technical, mental), strength and power.

  • PSYCHOLOGICAL - Demands of the game


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Connecticut Junior Soccer Association not licensed ?

WHAT AND HOW TO TEACH

  • Whole - Part - Whole approach

  • GAME ------ ANALYSIS ------ TRAINING ------ GAME

  • (Performance) (Evaluation) (Education) (Performance)


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Objective (Goal) not licensed ?

A Ball

Teammates

Direction

Field

Rules

Decision Making

WHAT AND HOW TO TEACH

The game will dictate the requirements of training. Training must

include the following elements:


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Connecticut Junior Soccer Association not licensed ?

PRACTICE STRUCTURE

  • Logical progression

  • Simple to complex

  • Increase number of elements during progression

  • Increase pressure

  • Application in game

  • Cool Down


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GENERAL PROGRESSION FOR TEACHING TECHNIQUE not licensed ?

  • FUNDAMENTAL: No pressure from opponent, includes stretching, repetition, related to main theme of topic.

  • MATCH RELATED: The main objective of the practice, introduce pressure gradually cumulating in live pressure, pressure of time and space.

  • MATCH CONDITION: Final stage with no restrictions, real game with even or uneven teams. GK’s should be used. Conditions may be imposed to highlight the area of the game that is being coached.



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TACTICS, SYSTEMS not licensed ?&PRINCIPLES OF PLAY

STATE E CERTIFICATION COURSE


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Tactics are the where, when and why of soccer. not licensed ?

Soccer is a team sport that allows each player to

impose their personality onto the game. The free flowing nature of soccer provides players with numerous opportunities to make instant decisions while attacking and defending.

WHAT ARE TACTICS?


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GENERAL PROGRESSION FOR TEACHING TACTICS not licensed ?

  • UNRESTRICTED SPACE: Free space, 1v1, individual duels.

  • RESTRICTED SPACE: Size of area based on ability and number of players. 2v2, 2v3, 4v3

  • ONE GOAL WITH COUNTER: Counter may be goal, line or target players. Group tactics.

  • TWO GOALS: Team tactics. Teaching of roles through the various thirds of the field, and the responsibilities of those roles.



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PRINCIPLES OF PLAY not licensed ?DEFENSE

  • Immediate chase to regain possession. Deny penetration.

  • Delay: Nearest defender applies pressure (1st defender).

  • Depth: The quick organization of the players behind the pressuring defender (Cover - primary the 2nd defender)

  • Balance: The positioning of defenders relative to possible penetrating runs or passes to attackers away from the ball (3rd defender).

  • Concentration: The limiting of time and space by squeezing centrally behind the ball (compactness).


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PRINCIPLES OF PLAY not licensed ?ATTACK

  • Penetration: Get the ball behind defenders (1st attacker, achieved by shooting, running, passing, dribbling.

  • Depth: The organization of players behind and in front of the 1st attacker (2nd attacker provides support).

  • Mobility: The attempt by attacking players to penetrate and unbalance the defensive action (3rd attacker).

  • Width: The disposition of attackers across the full width of the field to pull apart the collective defensive action.

  • Improvisation: Individual flair, creativity can open up defenses for the individual and for teammates.


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THIRDS OF THE FIELD not licensed ?

Safety

Risk

Safety

Risk

Safety

Risk

Defensive Third

Midfield Third

Offensive Third


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SYSTEMS OF PLAY not licensed ?

  • Select a system for you players

  • Find a system that allows your players to play

  • Balance

  • Variety : 4-4-2

    3-5-2 (5-3-2)

    3-4-3

    4-3-3

  • Comfort zone with players


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DEVELOPING A SYSTEM not licensed ?

  • Create a system that puts your team into play

  • Meet the demands of the game, not the coach

  • Encourage players to try all positions

  • To much risk means vulnerability

  • Balance is needed for transition

  • Defensive Minded

  • When defending you still need an outlet

  • Develop players not positions

  • In general the team shape should provide:

    Numbers up in the back

    Even numbers in Midfield

    Mobility in the Attack


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“E” Coaching Certificate not licensed ?

Risk / Team Management





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Parent – Coach Meeting preseason parent/coach meeting?

  • Discuss coaching philosophy.

    - Discuss team goals for the season.

    - Discuss what is expected of the parents.



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Player – Coach meeting (group) preseason player / coach meeting?

- Discuss coaching philosophy.

- Discuss team goals for the season.

- Discuss training rules and regulations



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Player – Coach meeting team at halftime?(individual)

  • Discuss players perception of himself within the team and to the team.

  • Discuss individuals goals for the season.

  • Discuss the coaches perception of the individual within the team and to the team.


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Prevention and Care of Injuries team at halftime?

A First Aid Guide for the Youth Coach


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Emergency Action Plan team at halftime?

  • Have and know how to use the following:

    • First Aid kit

    • Ice and plastic bags for emergency use

    • Team safety and information cards


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Emergency Action Plan team at halftime?

  • Stay calm and reassure the player

  • Do the primary survey: A, B, C’s. Airway, Breathing and Circulation

  • If necessary send someone to call 911.


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Emergency Action Plan team at halftime?

  • For Airway and Circulation. If no breathing, begin rescue breathing. If no pulse start CPR. (If you are CPR certified)

  • Always err on the side of caution!


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Prevention of Injuries team at halftime?

  • Proper use of equipment (shin guards, no jewelry, uniforms designed for climate).

  • Proper fitting shoes, proper type of shoe for surface.

  • Upkeep and monitoring of playing surfaces.

  • Avoid scheduling training during the hottest periods of the day and when there is intense humidity.


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Prevention of Injuries team at halftime?

  • Ample water supply and breaks to give players rest.

  • Full rehabilitation of an injury prior to return to play, determined by a physician.

  • Recommend a physical exam by a physician prior to participation.


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Common Injuries in Soccer team at halftime?

Cuts and Abrasions

To reduce the risk of infection ALWAYS wear protective gloves and wash your hands before and after contact. Protect yourself and the player.


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Common Injuries in Soccer team at halftime?

  • Treatment

  • Clean wound and surrounding area with clean water, wiping away from the wound.

  • To stop bleeding on an open wound:

    • Place sterile dressing over wound and apply direct pressure. Elevate if necessary.

    • If a severe cut call 911!


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Common Injuries in Soccer team at halftime?

  • Nose Bleed

  • Treatment

  • Place the player in a sitting position with the head forward.

  • Apply pressure to just below the bridge of the nose. Use ice when necessary.

  • If you suspect a head or neck injury do not try to control the bleeding. Instead stabilize the head and call 911!


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Common Injuries in Soccer team at halftime?

  • Bruises/Contusions (A crushing injury to a muscle or tendon caused by an outside force, which causes hemorrhaging to surrounding tissue)

  • Treatment: Apply ice


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Common Injuries in Soccer team at halftime?

  • Sprains:

    • A frequent injury in soccer, with the knee and the ankle most often involved. A sprain is the stretching or tearing of the ligament beyond its normal limits.

  • Strains:

    • A partial tear to the muscle or tendon. Commonly called a “pull”


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Common Injuries in Soccer team at halftime?

Treatment R.I.C.E.

R – Removal from the activity and rest

I – Ice

C – Compression

E – Elevation


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Common Injuries in Soccer team at halftime?

Heat Illness

Young children are still not as efficient as adults at dealing with heat or cold.

Heat Cramps

Heat Exhaustion

Heat Stroke


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Common Injuries in Soccer team at halftime?

Heat Cramps

  • Are brief severe cramps in the muscles of the leg arm or abdomen that may occur during or after vigorous exercise in extreme heat. Lack of drinking fluids is a common cause.

  • Treatment: A cool place, rest and fluids


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Common Injuries in Soccer team at halftime?

  • Heat Exhaustion:

    • The players body is having trouble keeping itself cool. This condition can come on very suddenly, the players temperature is raised and they may feel sick or dizzy. The player is still sweating and the skin feels clammy.

  • Treatment: Call 911, cool place, loosen clothing, rest and drink fluids.


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Common Injuries in Soccer team at halftime?

Heat Stroke is:

  • The most severe form of heat illness; a life threatening emergency and requires immediate medical attention.

  • Body temperature is high, skin is hot, red and dry, sweating mechanism is blocked, pulse is rapid and strong, player may lose consciousness.

  • Treatment

    Immediately call 911; get into cool area; cool the players body by spraying or dousing with water; loosen clothing; fan the player to help in cooling.


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Common Injuries in Soccer team at halftime?

Fractures and Dislocations:

  • If a body part does not have a normal appearance or function then suspect a fracture.

  • Treatment: Do not move the player, keep warm and make comfortable, call 911.


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Common Injuries in Soccer team at halftime?

Dislocations

  • The joint will have a marked deformity with intense pain.

  • Treatment:

    If a player can walk immobilize the joint and immediately transport to hospital. If the player is unable to walk then call 911.


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Common Injuries in Soccer team at halftime?

Concussion

  • Usually due to a clash of heads. Possible dizziness, headache, disorientation, ringing in the ears and vomiting.

  • Treatment:

  • Remove from activity and seek medical care.


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Prevention and Care of Injuries team at halftime?

  • Always err on the side of caution.

  • Be first aid and cpr certified.

  • Record the incident and note all actions you took and how the injury occurred.

  • Follow up with a phone call to check on the players condition.

    Acknowledgements:

    American Medical Association; First – Aid guide


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