Greece. Vocabulary Terms. Acropolis-" High city”, fortified hilltop city found in most ancient Greek cities. Colonnade-a row of columns evenly spaced. Mural-wall painting. Peristyle Court- Is an open colonnade courtyard, often having a pool or garden.
Kouros, c. 540 BCEThese stiff, formal, and stylized statues of young men are an important feature of Archaic art. Possibly represented Apollo (God of music, poetry, plague, oracles, medicine, light and knowledge) or in remembrance of a deceased individual.
Peplos Kore,c.530 BCERepresent Persephone or a deceased. Depicted in thick drapery, ornate and (in painted examples) very colorful and often have elaborate braided hairdos. Have a much more relaxed and natural posture, sometimes with an extended arm.
Aristodikos, c. 500 BCEThis Kouros has short hair and the hands are not attached to the sides of the body. The statue with its more rounded, less stylized characteristics, and with its light pose (it is not as "stiff" as other kouroi,) represents a forward step in the development of art, and prepares the ground for the eventual move towards classical sculpture.
Zeus and Ganymede, late Archaic, terracottaZeus-is the "Father of Gods and men”. God of sky and thunder.Ganymede- is a divine hero whose homeland was Troy. The most attractive of mortals, which led Zeus to abduct him to serve as cup-bearer to the gods.
Realism was more than a portrayal of mankind as he really is. It went much further, trying to portray man as he might be. Greek sculpture portrayed the ideal, rather than the real.
The archaic smile is replaced with varied, but generally serious expressions.
-A new version of the Kouros
-Motion is apparent, rather than implied.
-Archaic stiffness gives way to naturalism.
-Often in this time period a moment of balance is portrayed.
-Dress of a charioteer: long chiton, shoulder cords, bits of reins in his hands.
-Part of a chariot group, bits of which have been found.
-Eyes inlaid with glass, sliver for headband, copper on the lips.
-Dedicated for a victory.
-Archaic head; Slight twist in body, columnar chiton (dress).
-contraposto stance is apparent.
- Roman copy
-Rescued from an ancient shipwreck off Cape Artemision in 1926.
-Originally held a trident.
-Bronze. Copper details.
-Plait and hairstyle are late archaic survivals.
-Vigorous, yet static at the same time.
-Severe style in stance, but more advanced in treatment of anatomy.
-Found off coast of Sicily in 1972.
-Part of a group of warriors.
-Expression set in the whole body.
Patrons wanted more variety and even greater realism, as in this portrayal of an old woman.
Classical – The Charioteer
-Commemorates a victory in a sea battle.
-Nike as depicted descending from the sky to the victorious fleet of ships.
-dramatically draped garments showing what is underneath the fabric typical of Hellenistic art.
-roman copy in marble, originally in bronze
-made to celebrate a military victory
-copied many times
Much of ancient Greek painting has been lost due to looting and wars.
The different painting techniques are not well represented in historical documents. However we do know of several artists, and these artists were displayed in exhibits.
The selections of ancient Greek painting, and what we know about it is very limited.
Pitsa Panel, c. 530 BCE-Representation of an animal sacrifice scene in Corinth.-The only surviving panel paintings from Archaic Greece.-small painting on a wooden board.
As a result of the durable nature
of pottery, an archeological
record of over 100,000 items
from ancient Greece exists.
White Ground Amphora, late 6th century BCEThe paint was applied directly onto white clay.Typically used for grave offerings.Many feel that this technique is less visually appealing than the red and black figure vases.
Black Figure Amphora, c.540 BCEAt left Athena runs toward a man pursued by an armored giant, and at right Ares falls from another armored giant.
Red Figure Amphora, c.525 BCE-Reverse of black figured vases.-Inspired from the black figured vases.-Paint applied directly to vase rather than incised.-Increasing naturalism.