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Loanwords of French art. debut ?. artiste?. ARE YOU SPEAKING FRENCH OR ENGLISH?. art deco ?. 100501047 Chris Yang 97501015 Lily Chang. 1. art deco. Definition: a style of decoration that was especially popular in the 1930s and uses simple shapes and lines and strong colors

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loanwords of french art

Loanwords of French art

debut ?

artiste?

ARE YOU SPEAKING FRENCH OR ENGLISH?

art deco?

100501047 Chris Yang

97501015 Lily Chang

1 art deco
1. art deco
  • Definition:
    • a style of decoration that was especially popular in the 1930s and uses simple shapes and lines and strong colors
  • Etymology: Arts Décoratifs
1 art deco1
1. art deco
  • Example:
  • Earlier this year the Musée des Arts Décoratifs in Paris staged a fascinating exhibition..which highlighted the style now known by connoisseurs as Art Deco.(1966, Times)
1 art deco2
1. art deco

Chrysler Building in New York City

2 new wave nouvelle vague
2. New Wave(nouvelle vague)
  • Definition:
    • (n.) A new movement or trend, esp. in the arts
    • (adj.) cinematicnouvelle vague
    • (n.) A style of rock music that emerged in the late 1970s
  • Etymology: nouvelle vague
2 new wave nouvelle vague1
2. New Wave(nouvelle vague)
  • Example:

It is a film made by one of the old guard rather than by a member of the nouvelle. vague. (1959)

Jean-Luc Godard's New Wave film Breathless

(1960)

3 debut
3. debut
  • Definition:
    • (n.) first appearance in public of an actor, actress, or other performer
    • (n.)entry into society
    • (v.) make one's début
    • (adj.)
  • Etymology: débuter (v.) &début (n.)
3 debut1
3. debut
  • Example:I find that your début at Paris has been a good one.
  • Differences between debut in English and début in French
    • French: débuter(v.) & début (n.)
    • English:debut(v.) (n.) (adj.)&debute (v.)
      • She will maker her debut this Saturday.
      • The new series will debut in March.
      • His debut autobiography has already been sold out.
4 role
4. role
  • Definition:
    • (n.) A person's allotted share, part, or duty in life and society
    • (n.) An actor's part in a play, film, etc.
  • Etymology: rôle
  • Forms: 16 rowle 18 roal

16–17 roll 18– role

17– rôle

4 role1
4. role
  • Example:
    • The Euangelist from God hath receiued such a rowle……(1606, S. Gardiner Bk. Angling )
    • where every man has his roll…… (1692, R. L'EstrangeFables )
  • Differences between “role” in English and “rôle” in French
    • In French, there are three definitions of “rôle ”
      • (n.) A person's allotted share, part, or duty in life and society
      • (n.) An actor's part in a play, film, etc.
      • (n.) roll (of paper) on which an actor's part is written
5 artist artiste
5. artist& artiste
  • Definition of “artist”:
    • someone who paints, draws or makes sculptures
    • someone who creates things with great skill and imagination
  • Definition of “artiste”:

a skilled performer, especially a dancer, singer or actor

  • Etymologyof “artist” & “artiste”: artiste
5 artist artiste1
5. artist & artiste
  • Example:
    • We shall conclude with an extract from some complimentary verses by a noble secretary, who is himself both an Amateur and Artiste.(1790, Crit. Rolliad Pt. 2)
  • Transfer of Meaning:

artist

6 avant garde
6. avant-garde

(adj.) /avɑ̃ɡard/

  • Definition
  • The foremost part of an army
  • Extremely modern and often seems strange or slightly shocking
  • The pioneers or innovators in any art in a particular period.
  • HOW?
  • Used in English 15c.-18c. in a military sense; borrowed again 1910 as an artistic term for "pioneers or innovators of a particular period."
slide14

6. avant-garde

  • Etymology
  • Avant (before / advance) + garde (guard)
  • Military  artistic
  • Example
  • Odmarled the Avanguard.(1653 S.ClarkeLife Tamerlane)
  • Stengel..commanded the avantgarde of Valence's army.(1796 Campaigns)
7 film noir
7. film noir

(n.) /film nwar/

  • Definition
  • A black film
  • A film of a gloomy or fatalistic character.
  • Etymology of “noir”
8 auteur
8. auteur

(n.) /ɔːˈtəː/

  • Definition
  • Author
  • a film director who has a strong influence on the style of the films that he or she makes
  • Etymology
  • autor"father" (Old French)
  • auctor, acteor "author, originator, creator, instigator”
  • Specialization
  • All kinds of creator  film director
9 cin ma v rit
9. cinémavérité

(n.) /sinemaverite/

  • Definition
  • A film or films which avoid artificiality and have the appearance of real life; the making of such a film; documentary films collectively.
  • Etymology of “vérité”
  • vérité "truth," borrowed from French in 1966 as a term for naturalism or realism in film, etc.
9 cin ma v rit1
9. cinémavérité
  • Example
  • The whole essence of cinéma-vérité..is to capture the way people behave when there isn't a camera in sight. (1964 Spectator 20 Mar. 379/1)
10 critique
10. critique

(n.) (v.)  /krɪˈtiːk/

  • Definition
  • An essay or article in criticism of a literary (or more rarely, an artistic) work; a review.
  • The action or art of criticizing; criticism.
slide21

10. critique

  • Etymology
  • kritikos“able to make judgments” (Greek)
  • criticus“a judge, literary critic” (Latin)
  • critique“one who passes judgment” (French)
  • critique “the action or art of criticizing” (English)
  • Pejorative
references
References
  • 1. http://www.oed.com/2. http://www.merriam-webster.com/3. http://dictionary.cambridge.org/4. http://www.etymonline.com/5. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/