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Supply and Demand

Supply and Demand

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Supply and Demand

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  1. Supply and Demand Building self-efficacy by improving health literacy Prepared for: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women April 19, 2012 by: Ronne Ostby, ICF, rostby@icfi.com

  2. Basic Laws of Supply and Demand • If demand increases and supply remains unchanged, then it leads to higher equilibrium price and higher quantity. • If demand decreases and supply remains unchanged, then it leads to lower equilibrium price and lower quantity. • If supply increases and demand remains unchanged, then it leads to lower equilibrium price and higher quantity. • If supply decreases and demand remains unchanged, then it leads to higher equilibrium price and lower quantity.

  3. Driving Factors of Behavior Change • Benefits • Barriers • Social Norms • Self-Efficacy • Perceived self control • “I know how to do this.” • “I will be successful when I do this.”

  4. Health Literacy The degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions. --Healthy People 2010

  5. Prescription Drug Bottles • Appointment Slips • Educational Brochures • Doctor’s Directions • Consent Forms • Systems and Processes Health Literacy

  6. READING • LISTENING • ANALYSIS • DECISION-MAKING • CONFIDENCE • ASSERTIVENESS Health Literacy

  7. Patients with poor health literacy have a complex array of difficulties with written and oral communication that may limit their understanding of cancer screening and of symptoms of cancer, adversely affecting their stage at diagnosis. In addition, these barriers impair communication and discussion about risks and benefits of treatment options, and patient understanding of informed consent for routine procedures and clinical trials. Terry C. Davis, PhD; Mark V.Williams, MD; Estela Marin, MA; Ruth M. Parker, MD; Jonathan Glass, MD. “Health Literacy and Cancer Communication.”

  8. Patients with cancer are particularly vulnerable to the effects of low HL, owing to the complicated treatment regimens they receive. Oncology nurses can help by identifying patients who may be at risk and implementing strategies that can be used to help patients understand the information they receive. Chastity Burrows Walters, MSN, RN. “Health Literacy: Strategies for Avoiding Communication Breakdown.”

  9. Skills Needed for Health Literacy • Evaluating information for credibility and quality • Analyzing relative risks and benefits • Calculating dosages • Interpreting test results • Locating health information

  10. Skills Needed for Health Literacy • Visual Literacy • Computer Literacy • Information Literacy • Numerical or computational literacy

  11. Vulnerable Populations • Elderly (age 65+) • Minority populations • Immigrant populations • Low income • People with chronic medical or physical health conditions

  12. Improve Health Literacy I know how to do this. I will be successful when I do this. • SIMPLIFIED INFORMATION • Technology-based communications • Counseling and one-on-one treatment planning/assistance • Community-based support

  13. Simplified Information I know how to do this. I will be successful when I do this. • Developing the Content • Organizing the Publication • Writing the Content • Developing the Design • Testing the Publication

  14. Simplified Information • Developing the Content • Describe the behaviors • Describe the benefits of performing the behavior • Determine key messages • Tell only what they need to know • Use lay terms • Develop relevant illustrations to convey behaviors and processes • Create opportunity for reader interaction

  15. Simplified Information • Organizing the Publication • Describe what the reader will gain • Most important info at the beginning AND at the end • Think spatially • Use headings that express a complete idea or reinforce a behavior • Summarize main points

  16. Simplified Information • Writing the Content • Write at an appropriate reading level for a broad audience • Use active voice • Friendly, conversational tone • Short and declarative sentences • Use familiar examples to convey concepts • Use simple words and be consistent • Avoid abbreviations and acronyms • Limit use of statistics

  17. Simplified Information • Developing the Design • Arriving image should be relevant and easy to read • Ensure adequate white space • Use appropriate fonts/typefaces • Avoid using text as an element • Use boldface or underline to emphasize • Create a layout that aids readability • Use color to aid readability • Select illustrations carefully • Choose familiar visuals

  18. Simplified Information • Testing communications materials

  19. I know how to do this. I will be successful when I do this.

  20. Strategic Communications& Marketing Right strategy. Real change. Ronne Ostbyrostby@icfi.com